- Philadelphia Phillies
name = Philadelphia Phillies
established = 1883
owner = David Montgomery, Giles Limited Partnership (Bill Giles), Claire S. Betz, Tri-Play Associates (Alexander K. Buck, J. Maholn Buck Jr. William C. Buck), Double Play Inc. (John S. Middelton)
colors = Red, White, Blue
WS = (1)
WORLD CHAMPIONS = 1980
LEAGUE = NL
P = (5)
PENNANTS = mlby|1993 •mlby|1983 • mlby|1980 • mlby|1950
OTHER PENNANTS =
DIV = East
DV = (8)ref label|1981|a|a
Division Champs = mlby|2008 • mlby|2007 • mlby|1993 • mlby|1983 • mlby|1980 • mlby|1978
OTHER DIV CHAMPS =
WC = (0)
Wild Card = None
current league = National League
y1 = 1883
division = East Division
y2 = 1969
nicknames = The Fightin' (or Phightin') Phils, The Fightin's (or Phightins)
y3 = 1884
pastnames = Philadelphia Quakers (mlby|1883–mlby|1889, used interchangeably with Phillies from 1884–89)(Also referred to as the "Blue Jays" from mlby|1943 through mlby|1948 despite formal name remaining "Phillies")
Citizens Bank Park
y4 = 2004
Connie Mack Stadium(mlby|1927, mlby|1938–mlby|1970)
**a.k.a. Shibe Park (mlby|1938–mlby|1952)
Baker Bowl(mlby|1887–mlby|1926, mlby|1928–mlby|1938)
**a.k.a. National League Park (mlby|1895–mlby|1913), officially thereafter
**a.k.a. Philadelphia Base Ball Grounds (mlby|1887–mlby|1895)
*Recreation Park (mlby|1883–mlby|1886)
Uniform = NLE-Uniform-PHI.png
retirednumbers = 1, 14, 20, 32, 36, 42, P, P
Team = Phillies
Team1 = Phillies
The Philadelphia Phillies are a
Major League Baseballteam based in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, in the United States. The Phillies are a member of the Eastern Division of Major League Baseball's National League. From mlby|2004 to the present, the Phillies have played their home games at Citizens Bank Parkin the South Philadelphiasection of the city.
The Phillies have won one World Series championship (against Kansas City in mlby|1980) and five National League pennants in their history, but the franchise has also experienced long periods of struggle. The age of the team combined with its history of adversity has earned them the distinction of having lost the most games of any team in the history of
Major League Baseball. [cite web|last = Fastenau |first = Stephen |publisher = MLB |date = 15 July 2007 |title=Phils handed 10,000th loss |url = http://philadelphia.phillies.mlb.com/news/gameday_recap.jsp?ymd=20070715&content_id=2089066&vkey=recap&fext=.jsp&c_id=phi |accessdate = 2008-06-04] The Phillies are also known as a league leader in environmental protection.cite web|last = Jasner |first = Andy |publisher = MLB |date = 30 April 2008 |title=Phils to lead clean energy movement. |url = http://mlb.mlb.com/news/article.jsp?ymd=20080430&content_id=2616746&vkey=news_mlb&fext=.jsp&c_id=mlb |accessdate = 2008-06-04]
After being founded in 1883 as the "Quakers," the team changed its name to the "Philadelphias", after the convention of the times. This was soon shortened to "Phillies."cite book |title=The Team-by-Team Encyclopedia of Major League Baseball |last=Purdy |first=Dennis |authorlink= |coauthors= |year=2006 |publisher=Workman |location=
New York City|isbn=0761139435 |pages= ] "Quakers" continued to be used interchangeably with "Phillies" until 1890, when the team officially became known as the "Phillies." Though the Phillies moved into a permanent home at Baker Bowlin mlby|1887, [cite web | title = History: Phillies Timeline (1800s) | publisher = Phillies | url = http://philadelphia.phillies.mlb.com/phi/history/timeline01.jsp | accessdate = 2008-06-05] they did not win their first pennant until nearly 20 years later, after the likes of standout players Billy Hamilton, Sam Thompson, and Ed Delahantyhad departed. Player defections to the newly-formed American League, especially to the cross-town Athletics, would cost the team dearly over the next several years. A bright spot came in mlby|1915, when the Phillies won their first pennant, thanks to the pitching of Grover Cleveland Alexanderand the batting prowess of Gavvy Cravath, who set what was then the modern major-league single-season record for home runs with 24.cite web | title = History: Phillies Timeline (1910s) | publisher = Phillies | url = http://philadelphia.phillies.mlb.com/phi/history/timeline03.jsp| accessdate = 2008-06-05] Poor fiscal management after this World Seriesappearance, however, doomed the Phillies to sink back into relative obscurity; from mlby|1918 to mlby|1948 they only had one winning season. Though Chuck Kleinwon the MVP in mlby|1932 and the National League Triple Crown in mlby|1933, the team continued to flounder at the bottom of the standings for years. [cite web | title = History: Phillies Timeline (1930s) | publisher = Phillies | url = http://philadelphia.phillies.mlb.com/phi/history/timeline05.jsp| accessdate = 2008-06-05]
Cox, Carpenter, and the "Whiz Kids" Era
After lumber baron
William B. Coxpurchased the team in mlby|1943, the Phillies began a rapid rise to prominence in the National League, as the team rose out of the standings cellar for the first time in five years. The fans responded with an increase in attendance, but it soon became clear that not all was right in Cox' front office. Eventually, it was revealed by Cox that he had been betting on the Phillies, and he was banned from baseball. The new owner, Instead, Carpenter turned his attention to the minor league affiliates, continuing an effort begun by Cox a year earlier; prior to Cox' ownership the Phillies had paid almost no attention to player development. "Whiz Kids," led by a lineup of young players developed by the Phillies' farm system that included future Hall of Famers Richie Ashburnand Robin Roberts. [cite web | title = History: Phillies Timeline (1950s) | publisher = Phillies | url = http://philadelphia.phillies.mlb.com/phi/history/timeline07.jsp| accessdate = 2008-06-04] Their mlby|1950 season was highlighted by the last day, pennant-clinching home run by Dick Sislerto lead the Phillies over the Dodgers and into the World Series.cite web | last = Goldstein | first = Richard | title = Dick Sisler, 78, Whose Homer Won '50 Pennant for Phillies | work = New York times | date = November 23, 1998 | url = http://query.nytimes.com/gst/fullpage.html?res=9D07EFD61130F930A15752C1A96E958260 | accessdate = 2008-06-05] The Phillies' popularity drove the Athletics to leave the city for Kansas City and, eventually, Oakland. [cite web|last = Fleming | first = Frank | title = Philadelphia Athletics | date = April 9, 2006 | url = http://www.sportsecyclopedia.com/al/philadelphia/phillya_s.html | accessdate = 2008-06-04]
From Lows to Highs
As the Phillies sank back to mediocrity, a bright spot began to develop after the departures of the "Whiz Kids." The team seemed destined to make it to the World Series after strong showings in the early part of the decade; alas, it was not to be. The Phillies squandered a six-and-a-half game lead with a ten-game losing streak to close the mlby|1964 season, and lost the pennant by one game to the
St. Louis Cardinals. The "Phold of '64" is one of the most notable collapses in sports history. [cite web | title = History: Phillies Timeline (1960s) | publisher = Phillies | url = http://philadelphia.phillies.mlb.com/phi/history/timeline08.jsp | accessdate = 2008-06-05] The Phillies moved out of Connie Mack Stadium and into Veterans Stadium, and their new maroon uniforms, at the end of the decade. While some members of the team had admirable performances during the 1970s, the Phillies still clung to their spot at the bottom of the National League table. Ten years after the Phold, they suffered another minor collapse over August and September of mlby|1974, missing out on the playoffs yet again. However, the futility would not last much longer. After a run of three straight division titles from mlby|1976 to mlby|1978, [cite web | title = History: Phillies Timeline (1970s) | publisher = Phillies | url = http://philadelphia.phillies.mlb.com/phi/history/timeline09.jsp | accessdate = 2008-06-05] the Phillies won the NL East in mlby|1980 behind pitcher Steve Carlton, outfielder Greg Luzinski, and infielders Mike Schmidt, Larry Bowa, and Pete Rose. In a memorable NLCS, with four of the five games needing extra innings, they fell behind 2–1 but battled back to squeeze past Houston on a tenth-inning game-winning hit by center fielder Garry Maddox, and the city celebrated its first pennant in 30 years.cite web | title = History: Phillies Timeline (1980s) | publisher = Phillies | url = http://philadelphia.phillies.mlb.com/phi/history/timeline10.jsp | accessdate = 2008-06-05]
Facing Kansas City in the
1980 World Series, the Phillies won their first and only world championship in six games, thanks to the timely hitting of Mike Schmidtand Pete Rose. Schmidt, who was the National League MVP for the 1980 season, also won the World Series MVP finals award on the strength of his 8-for-21 hitting (.381 average), including game-winning hits in Game 2 and the clinching Game 6. Thus, the Phillies became the last of the 16 teams that made up the major leagues from mlby|1901 to mlby|1961 to win a World Series.cite web | title = Postseason Index | publisher = Baseball-Reference.com | url = http://www.baseball-reference.com/postseason/ | accessdate = 2008-06-05] The Phillies made the playoffs twice more after their Series win, in mlby|1981 and mlby|1983, where they lost to the Baltimore Oriolesin the World Series, but they would find their near-misses followed by a rapid drop back into the doldrums of the National League basement. The mlby|1992 season would end with the Phillies at the bottom of the barrel, at last place in the National League East. However, their fortunes were about to change.
The mlby|1993 Phillies started the season hot, going 17–5 in April and powering their way to a 97–65 season. The Phillies beat the
Atlanta Bravesin the 1993 National League Championship Series, four games to two, to earn the fifth pennant in franchise history, only to suffer defeat by the defending world champion Toronto Blue Jaysin the 1993 World Series. [cite web | title = History: Phillies Timeline (1990s) | publisher = Phillies | url = http://philadelphia.phillies.mlb.com/phi/history/timeline11.jsp | accessdate = 2008-06-05] Toronto's Joe Carterhit a walk-off home run in Game 6 to clinch another Phillies loss.cite web | title = 1993 World Series (1990s) | publisher = Baseball Almanac | url = http://www.baseball-almanac.com/ws/yr1993ws.shtml| accessdate = 2008-06-05 ] The players' strike in mlby|1994 was a blow to the Phillies' attendance and on-field success, as was the arrival of the Atlanta Bravesin the division due to league realignment. Several stars came through Philadelphia, though few would stay, and the minor league system continued to develop its young prospects, who would soon rise to Phillies fame.
In mlby|2001, the Phillies had their first winning season in eight years under new manager
Larry Bowa, and would not dip their season record below .500 again from the mlby|2003 season onward.cite web | title = History: Phillies Year-by-Year Results | publisher = Phillies | url = http://philadelphia.phillies.mlb.com/phi/history/year_by_year_results.jsp | accessdate = 2008-06-05 ] In mlby|2004, the Phillies moved to their new home across the street from the Vet, Citizens Bank Park. [cite web | title = Citizens Bank Park| publisher = Citizens Bank | url = http://www.citizensbank.com/ballpark/ | accessdate = 2008-06-05 ] Charlie Manueltook over the reins of the clubs from Bowa in 2005, and general manager Ed Wadewas replaced by Pat Gillick. Gillick reshaped the club as his own, sending stars away in trades and allowing the Phillies' young core to develop. Though the franchise lost its 10,000th game in mlby|2007, that same core of young players, including infielders Chase Utley, Ryan Howard, and Jimmy Rollins, and pitcher Cole Hamels, responded by winning the East pennant the same season; however, they lost to the Colorado Rockies in the Division Series. [cite web | last = Shpigel | first = Ben | title = Rockies Sweep Phillies to Keep Up Memorable Run | work = New York Times | date = October 7, 2007 | url = http://www.nytimes.com/2007/10/07/sports/baseball/07phillies.html | accessdate = 2008-06-05] In mlby|2008, they clinched their second straight division title, [cite news |first= Gene|last= Cherry|coauthors= Ed Osmond|title= Phillies claim NL East but wildcard spot up for grabs|url= http://www.reuters.com/article/newsOne/idUSTRE48R09620080928?sp=true|publisher= Reuters|date= 2008-09-28|accessdate=2008-09-28] recording the franchise's first post-season victory since the 1993 World Series. Behind strong pitching from the rotation and offensive production from most members of the starting lineup, the Phillies advanced to the 2008 National League Championship Series (currently they lead the series 2 games to zero against the Los Angeles Dodgers).
The current team colors, uniform, and logo date to 1992. The main team colors are red and white, with blue serving as a prominent accent. The team name is written in red with a blue star serving as the dot over the "i"s, and blue piping is often found in Phillies branded apparel and materials. The team's home uniform is white with red pinstripes (the Phils are only major league team to wear the red pinstripes), lettering and numbering. The road uniform is traditional grey with red lettering/numbering. Both bear a script-lettered "Phillies" logo, with the aforementioned star dotting the "i"s across the chest, and the player name and number on the back. Hats are red with a single stylized "P". The script "Phillies" and the red trim are similar to the style worn by the team during 1950 to 1969.cite web | last = Okkonen | first = Mark | title = Dressed to the Nines: Uniform Database | publisher = National Baseball Hall of Fame | url = http://exhibits.baseballhalloffame.org/dressed_to_the_nines/uniforms.asp?league=NL&city=Philadelphia&lowYear=1950&highYear=1969&sort=year&increment=9&=Display+uniforms | accessdate = 2008-06-10]
During the mlby|2008 season, the Phillies wear an alternate, cream-colored uniform during home day games in tribute to their 125th anniversary. The uniforms are similar to those worn from 1946 through 1949, featuring no pinstripes and red lettering bordered with blue piping. The accompanying cap is blue with a red bill and a red stylized "P." The uniforms were announced on November 29, 2007, where Phillies shortstop
Jimmy Rollins, pitcher Cole Hamelsand Hall of Famer Robin Roberts modeled the new uniforms. [cite web | last = Zenz | first = Jay | title = Phillies unveil alternate uniforms | publisher = Scout.com | url = http://phillies.scout.com/2/706704.html | accessdate = 2008-06-10]
The Phillies are one of six teams in Major League Baseball that do not display the name of their city, state or region on their road jerseys, joining the
Baltimore Orioles, Los Angeles Angels of Anaheim, Milwaukee Brewers, St. Louis Cardinals, and the Tampa Bay Rays.
They are also the only team in Major League Baseball to wear the number on the sleeve and the back.
The Phillies pioneered the use of the batting practice jersey in 1977, wearing a maroon v-necked top with the "Phillies" script name across the chest, as well as the player name and number on the back and a player number on the left sleeve, all in white. Currently, during spring training, the Phillies wear solid red practice jerseys with pinstriped pants for
Grapefruit Leaguehome games, and solid blue batting practice jerseys with gray pants for away games.
From 1970 to 1991, the Phillies sported colors, uniforms, and a logo that were noticeably different from what had come before, or since, but that were widely embraced by even traditionally minded fans. A dark burgundy was adopted as the main team color, with a classic pinstripe style for home uniforms. Blue was almost entirely dropped as part of the team's official color scheme, except in one area; a pale blue (as opposed to traditional grey) was used as the base-color for away game uniforms. Yet the most important aspect of the 1970 uniform change was the adoption of one of the more distinctive logos in sports; a Phillies "P" that, thanks to its unique shape and "baseball stitched" center swirl, remains instantly recognizable and admired, long after its regular use has ended. It was while wearing this uniform style and color motif that the club achieved its most enduring success, including a World Series title in 1980 and another World Series appearance in 1983. Its continued popularity with fans is evident, as even today Phillies home games can contain many fans sporting caps, shirts, and/or jackets emblazoned with the iconic "P" and burgundy color scheme.
Controversial uniform changes
For one game in 1979, the Phillies front office modified the uniform into an all-burgundy version with white trimmings, to be worn for Saturday games. [cite web | last = Okkonen | first = Mark | title = Dressed to the Nines: Uniform Database (1979) | publisher = National Baseball Hall of Fame | url = http://exhibits.baseballhalloffame.org/dressed_to_the_nines/detail_page.asp?FileName=nl_1979_philadelphia.gif&Entryid=1389 | accessdate = 2008-06-07] They were called "Saturday Night Specials." The immediate reaction of the media, fans, and players alike was negative, with many describing the despised uniforms as pajama-like. As such, the idea was hastily abandoned. [cite web | title = Baseball almanac entry on baseball uniforms
publisher = baseball-almanac.com | url = http://www.baseball-almanac.com/articles/uniforms.shtml | accessdate = 2008-06-06] Mike Schmidt did wear the uniform during the MLB All-Star Tour of Japan following the 1979 season.
Another uniform controversy arose in 1994 when the Phillies introduced blue caps on Opening Day which were to be worn for home day games only. [cite web | last = Okkonen | first = Mark | title = Dressed to the Nines: Uniform Database (1994) | publisher = National Baseball Hall of Fame | url = http://exhibits.baseballhalloffame.org/dressed_to_the_nines/detail_page.asp?fileName=nl_1994_philadelphia.gif&Entryid=1783 | accessdate = 2008-06-07] The caps were unpopular with the players, who considered them bad luck after two losses. The caps were dumped after being used on the field for a month.
Blue Jays logo
Five Phillies have won an MVP award during their career with the team. Mike Schmidt leads with three wins, with back-to-back MVPs in mlby|1980 and mlby|1981, and his last win in mlby|1986. Chuck Klein (mlby|1932), Jim Konstanty (mlby|1950), Ryan Howard (mlby|2006), and Jimmy Rollins (mlby|2007) all have one. [http://www.baseball-reference.com/awards/mvp_cya.shtml Baseball Reference Awards - MVP & CYA] Accessed 30 May 2008.] Pitcher Steve Carlton leads the team in
Cy Young Awardwins, with four (mlby|1972, mlby|1977, mlby|1980, and mlby|1982), while John Denny (mlby|1983) and Steve Bedrosian (mlby|1987) each have one. Four Phillies have won Rookie of the Yearhonors as well. Jack Sanfordwas the winner in mlby|1957, while Dick Allenwon in mlby|1964. Third baseman Scott Rolentook home the honors in mlby|1997, while slugging first baseman Ryan Howardwas the most recent Phillies winner, in mlby|2006. [ [http://www.baseball-reference.com/awards/roy_rol.shtml Baseball Reference Awards - ROY] Accessed 30 May 2008.]
Of the fifteen players who have hit four home runs in one game, three were Phillies at the time (more than any other team). Ed Delahanty was the first, hitting his four in
Chicago's West Side Parkon July 13, 1896. Chuck Klein repeated the feat nearly 40 years later to the day, on July 10, 1936 in Pittsburgh's Forbes Field. 40 years later, on April 17, Mike Schmidt became the third and last, also hitting his in Chicago, these coming at Wrigley Field.
Wall of Fame
From 1978 to 2003, the Phillies inducted one former Phillie and one former member of the
Philadelphia Athleticsper year. Since 2004 they have inducted one Phillie annually. Players must be retired and must have played at least four years with the Phillies or Athletics. The last five years' inductees to the Wall of Fame are listed below:
Richie Ashburn, Grover Cleveland Alexander, Mike Schmidt, Steve Carltonand broadcaster Harry Kalashave also been elected to the Philadelphia Sports Hall of Fame.
Hall of Famers
While not all of these players were enshrined with a Phillies cap, each of them was a part of the Phillies franchise at one point in his career. [cite web | title = History: Phillies Hall of Famers | publisher = Phillies.com | url = http://philadelphia.phillies.mlb.com/phi/history/hall_of_famers.jsp | accessdate = 2008-06-23] Names in bold were inducted with a Phillies cap. [citeweb|url=http://web.baseballhalloffame.org/hofers/|publisher=web.baseballhalloffame.org|title=Phillies Hall of Famers| accessdate = 2008-06-23]
Radio and television
As of 2008, the Phillies' flagship radio stationis WPHT, 1210 AM. [cite web |title = WPHT - Philadelphia | url = http://www.thebigtalker1210.com/ |accessdate = 2008-06-07] The Phillies' television stations are Comcast SportsNet(CSN) [cite web |title = Welcome to Comcast SportsNet | url = http://philadelphia.comcastsportsnet.com/ |accessdate = 2008-06-07] and WPSGchannel 57, [cite web |title = cwphilly.com - Philadelphia Phillies | url = http://cwphilly.com/phillies |accessdate = 2008-06-07] now known as "The CW Philly." One game (the season opener) is telecast on KYW-TVcite web|url=http://www.phillyburbs.com/pb-dyn/news/220-03302007-1322572.html|title=Wild Thing relieves Marzano on CSN|last=Nachman|first=Laura|date=2007-03-30|publisher=phillyBurbs.com|accessdate=2008-07-20] and some early season games are shown on CN8when there are conflicts on CSN with 76ers and Flyers games. CSN produces the games shown on the above-mentioned stations. Harry Kalascalls play-by-play in the first three and last three innings, and the fourth inning on the radio. Scott Franzkeprovides play-by-play on the radio (except for the fourth), with Larry Andersenas the color commentator. Chris Wheelerand Gary Matthewsboth provide color commentary on TV, with Tom McCarthy calling play-by-play in the fourth through sixth innings. Spanish broadcasts are on WUBA, 1480 AM with Danny Martinez on play-by-play and Bill Kulik and Juan Ramos on color commentary.
Phillies radio broadcasts are perhaps best known for their broadcasters' use of the phrase, "Put this one in the win column for the fighting Phils," which is said consistently when the Phillies close out the third out in the ninth inning during a winning game. The phrase was started by former Phillies' broadcaster
Scott Grahamand has grown to be among the most recognizable sports broadcast comments in all of professional sports. [cite web|url=http://www.larrykane.com/2006/12/09/the-phillies-say-goodbye-to-scott-graham-what-a-missed-call/|title=The Phillies Say Goodbye To Scott Graham - What a Missed Call!|last=Kane|first=Larry|date=2006-12-09|accessdate=2008-07-20]
Curse of Billy Penn
List of Philadelphia Phillies managers
*note label|1981|c|aIn mlby|1981, a mid-season players' strike split the season. Philadelphia, with the best record in the East Division when play was halted, was declared the first-half division winner. The Phillies' record over the entire season was third-best in the division, 2½ games behind St. Louis and Montréal.
*note label|GCAlex|e|aGrover Cleveland Alexander played in the era before Major League players wore numbers; the Phillies have honored him with the "P" logo from the 1915 season, their first World Series appearance.
*note label|CKlein|f|bChuck Klein wore many numbers while with the Phillies, including 1, 3, 8, 26, 29, and 36. The Phillies wore the Old English "P" during his first six seasons; thus, they chose to use it to honor Klein.
*note label|Finish|a|aThe Finish column lists regular season results and excludes postseason play.
*note label|WinLoss|b|bThe Wins and Losses columns list regular season results and exclude any postseason play.
*note label|GamesBack|c|cThe GB column lists "Games Back" from the team that finished in first place that season. It is determined by finding the difference in wins plus the difference in losses divided by two.
#: running total of the number of Phillies' managers. Thus, any manager who has two or more separate terms is only counted once.
Larry Bowawon the Manager of the Year Awardin mlby|2001. [cite web|url=http://mlb.mlb.com/mlb/awards/mlb_awards_content.jsp?content=mgr_history|title=MLB Awards (Manager of the Year)|publisher=Major League Baseball|accessdate=2008-07-28]
* [http://www.phillies.com Philadelphia Phillies official web site]
* [http://www.broadandpattison.com/ Today in Phillies History at Broad and Pattison]
* [http://www.hardballtimes.com/main/article/the-1942-philadelphia-phillies/] Article on the 1942 Philadelphia Phillies in The Hardball Times.
title = World Series Champions
years = 1980
Los Angeles Dodgers
title = National League Champions
years = mlby|1915
before = Boston Braves
after = Brooklyn Dodgers
title = National League Champions
years = mlby|1950
before = Brooklyn Dodgers
after = New York Giants
title = National League Champions
years = mlby|1980
Los Angeles Dodgers
title = National League Champions
years = mlby|1983
St. Louis Cardinals
San Diego Padres
title = National League Champions
years = mlby|1993
mlby|1991 and mlby|1992
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