- Workers' Party (Brazil)
Infobox Brazilian Political Party
party_articletitle = Workers' Party (Brazil)
party_name = Partido dos Trabalhadores
February 10, 1980
headquarters = Rua Silveira Martins, 132 Centro,
São Paulo, São Paulo (state)
Democratic socialism, Socialism, Marxismand Trotskyism
São Paulo Forum(reunified) Fourth International)
tse_number = 13
website = [http://www.pt.org.br www.pt.org.br] The Workers' Party ("Partido dos Trabalhadores", PT) is a left-wing
political partyin Brazil.
The color of the party is red, and its symbol is a red "PT" star with the "PT" label in white. The flag of the party is an inverted white "PT" star on a red background.
Other well known members of the Worker's Party include:
Frei Betto, Ana Julia Carepa, Marcelo Déda, Wellington Dias, Antônio Palocci Filho, Luiz Gushiken, Guido Mantega, Binho Marques, Aloízio Mercadante, Dilma Rousseff, Eduardo Suplicyand Marta Suplicy.
The party is recognized as one of the most important left-wing parties of
It was officially founded by a group of intellectuals and workers in
February 10, 1980at Colégio Sion(Sion High School) in São Paulo. Brazil's current president, Luiz Inácio Lula da Silva, was one of its founders, and is the most famous member of the party at the present time. Among others present at its founding were Henos Amorina, Djalma Bom, Wagner Benevides, Jacó Bittar, Apolônio de Carvalho, José Cicote, Manuel da Conceição, Olívio Dutra, Moacir Gadoti, Édson Khair, Mário Pedrosa, Henrique Santillo, Arnóbio Vieira da Silva, Lourin Martinho dos Santos, Paulo Skromov and Jaques Wagner.
The PT was legally recognized as a political party by Brazilian Electoral Superior Court on
February 11, 1982.
Since 1990, the Worker's Party has grown in popularity on the national stage by winning elections in many important cities, like
São Pauloand Porto Alegre(1988, 1992, 1996 and 2000), as well as in states like Rio Grande do Sul(1998). This winning streak culminated with the victory of its presidential candidate, Luiz Inácio Lula da Silvain 2002, who succeeded President Fernando Henrique Cardosoof PSDB.
1994 general elections
Leading up to the 1994 general elections, Lula was the leading Presidential candidate in the majority of the media's polls. As a result, the centrist and right-wing parties openly united behind
Fernando Henrique Cardoso. This strategy succeeded, and Cardoso won the election with 54%; Lula only received 27% of the vote. However, it has been noted that "the elections were not a complete disaster for the PT, which significantly increased its presence in Congress and elected for the first time two state governors." cite book
coauthors =Bernardo Kucinski
title =Brazil: Carnival of the Oppressed
publisher =Latin America Bureau
id = ]
2006 general elections
October 29, 2006, the Workers' Party won 83 seats in the Chamber of Deputies and 11 seats in the Senate. Luiz Inácio Lula da Silva was re-elected with more than 60% of the votes, extending his position as President of Brazil until January 1, 2011. [ [http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/world/americas/6095820.stm "Brazil re-elects President Lula"] , " BBC", October 30, 2006]
The Workers' Party is now the second largest party in the Chamber of Deputies, the fourth largest party in the Senate, and has 5 state governorships.
Internal debate, 2003-2007
The relative changes in the political orientation of the PT, the Federal Government and Lula himself were well received by the majority of the population, but, as a historically more radical party, the PT has experienced a series of internal struggles with members who have refused to embrace the new political positions of the party. These struggles have fueled public debates, the worst of which had its climax in
December 2003, when four dissident legislators" were expelled from the party for not following majority sanctioned political decisions. cite journal
month =October 1
title =Lula's purge: The Workers' Party sheds its dissenters
journal =The Economist
url =http://www.economist.com/world/la/displaystory.cfm?story_id=E1_NPDPPGN] Among these members were congressman
João Batista Oliveira de Araujo(known as Babá), and senator Heloísa Helena, who formed the Partido Socialismo e Liberdade (P-SOL) in June 2004.
In a recent move, 112 members of the radical wing of the Party announced they were abandoning PT in the
World Social Forum, in Porto Alegre, on January 30 2005. They also published a manifestoentitled "Manifesto of the Rupture" that states that PT "is no longer an instrument of social transformation, but only an instrument of the status quo", continuing with references to the IMFand other economic and social issues.
The Mensalão scandal
July 2005, the party suffered from a sequence of corruption accusations, started by a deputy of PTB, Roberto Jefferson[ [http://www.radiobras.gov.br/materia_i_2004.php?materia=234343&editoria= Valerio denies negotiating funds for PT and PTB with Portugal Telecom] ] . Serious evidence for slush funding and bribes-for-votes has been presented, dragging PT to the most serious crisis in its history - known colloquially as the " Mensalão. José Genoínoalso resigned as president of the party and was replaced by Tarso Genro, former mayor of Porto Alegre.
A small minority of party members defected as a result of the crisis. Most of them went to P-SOL.Fact|date=February 2007
2006 electoral scandal
A new scandal unfolded in
September 2006, just two weeks before general elections. As a result, Berzoni left the coordination of Lula's reelection after an alleged use of PT's budget (which is partially state-funded, through party allowances) to purchase, from a confessed fraudster, a dossier that would be used to attack political adversaries. On April 25, 2007, the Supreme Electoral Tribunal unanimously cleared Lula of any responsibility for this electoral scandal. [ [http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/americas/6593545.stm BBC News: Lula cleared of electoral scandal] ]
Its members are known as "petistas", from the Portuguese
Since its inception the party has been led by:
Luiz Inácio Lula da Silva(10 February 1980 - 1994)
José Dirceu(1995 - 2002)
José Genoíno(2002 - 2005)
Tarso Genro(2005) (interim)
Ricardo Berzoini(2005 - 2006)
Marco Aurélio Garcia(6 October, 2006-2 January, 2007) (interim)
* Ricardo Berzoini (from 2 January, 2007)
Workers' Cause- seceded from the party in 1990 as the Workers' Cause Party
Socialist Convergence- seceded in 1993 as part of United Socialist Workers' Party
Popular Socialist Action- Trotskyist faction that seceded in 2005 as the Socialism and Freedom Party
Tendency for the Workers' Revolutionary Party- Trotskyist faction that seceded in 1990 as the Workers' Revolutionary Party
Tendencies categorized as the "Left-wing Workers' Party"
* Marxist Tendency
Action and Socialist Identity Movement
Unity and Struggle Articulation
International political relations of the Workers' Party
Relations with the British Labour Party
Prior to the 1998 general elections,
Peter Mandelson, a close aide to British prime minister and former Labour Party leader Tony Blair, stated that the Workers' Party's proposals for the 1998 presidential elections represented "an old-fashioned and out-of-date socialism." Representatives of the Workers' Party publicly protested this statement. [ [http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/americas/138231.stm BBC News: Mandelson under fire in Brazil] ] Labour-Workers' Party relations have since improved.
Worker's Party Group in London
The Worker's Party Group in London was founded in 1989 by some Brazilian Citizen who were living in London at that time some of them are still in the group, the group has a co-ordenator called Graca Rocha who has lived in the UK for the last 25 years. The group has 8 members.
The group has the responsability to work with the Brazilian community in London to help them to understand their Brazilian rights in the UK.
*Baiocchi, Gianpaolo - "Radicals in Power: The Workers' Party and Experiments in Urban Democracy in Brazil"
*Branford, Sue and Bernardo Kucinski - "Lula and the Workers' Party in Brazil"
*Keck, Margaret E. - "The Workers' Party and Democratization in Brazil"
*Couto, A. J. Paula - "O PT em pílulas"
*Dacanal, José Hildebrando - "A nova classe no poder"
*Demier, Felipe - "As Transformações do PT e os Rumos da Esquerda no Brasil"
*Godoy, Dagoberto Lima - "Neocomunismo no Brasil"
*Harnecker, Martha - "O sonho era possível"; São Paulo, Casa das Américas, 1994.
*Hohlfeldt, Antônio - "O fascínio da estrela"
*Moura, Paulo - "PT - Comunismo ou Social-Democracia?"
*Paula Couto, Adolpho João de - "A face oculta da estrela"
*Pedrosa, Mário - "Sobre o PT"; São Paulo, CHED Editorial, 1980.
*Pluggina, Percival - "Crônicas contra o totalitarismo"
*Rosenfield, Denis L. - "O PT na Encruzilhada", 2000.
*Tavares, José Antônio Giusti with Fernando Schüller, Ronaldo Moreira Brum and Valério Rohden - "Totalitarismo tardio - o caso do PT"
*Singer, André - "O PT - Folha Explica"
*pt icon [http://www.tse.gov.br/ Tribunal Superior Eleitoral (Brazilian Electoral Superior Court)]
*pt icon [http://www.pt.org.br/ Partido dos Trabalhadores (Workers' Party) official webpage]
* [http://www2.fpa.org.br/portal/modules/news/index.php?storytopic=718 Perseu Abramo Foundation (FPA)]
* [http://www.forosaopaulo.org Foro de São Paulo. Organization guided by PT.]
* [http://english.aljazeera.net/NR/exeres/BC1BEED5-90EE-475A-952B-799C610B8BE5.htm Al-Jazeera: Investigation shake Brazilian party]
* [http://www.redpepper.org.uk/latin/x-oct05-wainwright.htm Lula's lament: article on PT corruption scandal]
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