Legislative Assembly

Legislative Assembly

Legislative Assembly is the name given in some countries to either a legislature, or to one of its chambers. The name is used by a number of member-states of the Commonwealth of Nations, as well as in a number of Latin American countries.

Legislative Assemblies in the Commonwealth

A number of colonies in the British Empire were given a degree of involvement in running their own affairs by the creation of a representative body, often named the Legislative Assembly. Typically the Legislative Assembly was partially or wholly elected by popular vote; this was usually in contrast with the other chamber of the legislature, called the Legislative Council, whose membership was generally either nominated by the Governor, or indirectly elected. Conflict between the two chambers frequently led to the Legislative Council being reformed, or even abolished outright, thus leaving the Legislative Assembly as either the more powerful chamber in the parliament, or the only one.

The modern-day Legislative Assembly in a Commonwealth country, either as a national or sub-national parliament, is in most cases an evolution of one of these colonial legislative chambers.

In a number of territories, the name House of Assembly is used instead.

Members of Commonwealth Legislative Assemblies

Members of a Legislative Assembly in a Commonwealth country are usually referred to as a "Member of the Legislative Assembly", commonly abbreviated as "MLA"; however, in Canada, members of the province of Ontario's Legislative Assembly are known as a "Member of the Provincial Parliament" (MPP, Ontario).

Although Northern Ireland's legislature is called the Northern Ireland Assembly, its members are also known as MLAs.

Examples of Legislative Assemblies in Commonwealth countries

In India, the lower or sole house of each constituent state's parliament is called the Legislative Assembly, or Vidhan Sabha. The same name is also used for the lower house of the legislatures for two of the union territories, Delhi and Puducherry (Pondicherry). The upper house in the six states with a bicameral legislature is called the Legislative Council, or Vidhan Parishad. Members of the former are called MLAs, and those of the latter MLCs.

The lower house of the parliament of the Australian state of Victoria is called the Legislative Assembly. In contrast, the state of Queensland has abolished the former upper house of its parliament, leaving the Legislative Assembly as the sole chamber.

Former Legislative Assemblies

In Quebec, the Legislative Assembly was renamed the National Assembly, following the abolition of the Legislative Council in 1968.

In Mauritius, the unicameral Parliament was known as the Legislative Assembly until 1992, when, following the establishment of a republic, it was renamed the National Assembly.

ee also

*House of Assembly
*Legislative Council

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Look at other dictionaries:

  • legislative assembly — n often cap L&A 1: a bicameral legislature 2: the lower house of a bicameral legislature Merriam Webster’s Dictionary of Law. Merriam Webster. 1996 …   Law dictionary

  • legislative assembly — noun persons who make or amend or repeal laws • Syn: ↑legislature, ↑legislative body, ↑general assembly, ↑law makers • Derivationally related forms: ↑legislate (for: ↑legislature) …   Useful english dictionary

  • Legislative Assembly — Fr. Hist. the legislature of France 1791 92. * * * ▪ France [1791 92] French  Assemblée Législative        national parliament of France during part of the Revolutionary period and again during the Second Republic. The first was created in… …   Universalium

  • Legislative Assembly — A legislative body provided by Congress for the District of Columbia which ceased to exist on the adoption of the Temporary Organic Act of June 20, 1874, followed by the Organic Act of June 11, 1878. 24 Am J2d DC § 3. The lower house of the… …   Ballentine's law dictionary

  • legislative assembly — noun Usage: often capitalized L&A Date: 1817 1. a bicameral legislature (as in an American state) 2. the lower house of a bicameral legislature 3. a unicameral legislature; especially one in a Canadian province …   New Collegiate Dictionary

  • legislative assembly — branch of the lawmaking body in certain state governments (USA) …   English contemporary dictionary

  • Legislative Assembly —    Mc Composition of, under Constitutional Act, 53; Goldwin Smith on, 54; irritation between, and Executive Council, 54, 55; Lord Durham on, 56, 58, 59, 60; true principle of government, 61, 63. S First of Upper Canada, list of members and their… …   The makers of Canada

  • legislative assembly — leg′islative assem′bly n. (often caps.) 1) can. a bicameral legislature, as in certain U.S. states 2) the lower house in a bicameral legislature 3) a unicameral legislature, as in most Canadian provinces …   From formal English to slang

  • Legislative Assembly — /ˌlɛdʒəslətɪv əˈsɛmbli/ (say .lejuhsluhtiv uh semblee) noun 1. the lower chamber of certain bicameral parliaments. 2. the lower house of the parliaments of NSW, Victoria and WA. 3. the only house in the Qld parliament and in the NT and ACT… …   Australian-English dictionary

  • Legislative Assembly of Ontario — Assemblée législative de l Ontario Type Type Unicameral …   Wikipedia

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