- Lauricocha Culture
prehistoricsequence in Peru spans 15,000 years, starting at about 13,000 BC when the first gatherer-hunter societies left their traces in the Ayacuchoand Ancashhighlands. These were populations that were coming from the North American continent through Central America and populated the Andes. Traces of these early groups have been found in rock caves of Lauricocha, Pacaicasaand Guitarrero.
The "Lauricocha Cave" at an altitude of over 4000 m was discovered in
1957near Lago Lauricochaand the source of Rio Marañón, one of the headwaters of the Amazon River. It contained human remains, the oldest found in Peru, which can be dated back to the last glacial period, circa 9,500 years ago.
The early Peruvian groups of gatherers and hunters traversed between the rugged highlands and the coastal areas, following the movement of the wild animal herds and the climatic change of the seasons. Lauricocha near
Huanucowas one of the important mountain encampments where the art of working stone to arrow points and fine blades was sophisticated and cave paintings depicted animals, hunting scenes and dances.
*Lauricocha III: 4200 BCE - 2500 BCE
*Lauricocha II: 6000 BCE - 4200 BCE
*Lauricocha I: 8000 BCE - 6000 BCE
* [http://www.unesco.org/culture/latinamerica/html_eng/chapter12/chapter5.htm The Original Peopling of Latin America]
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