- Edward of Norwich, 2nd Duke of York
Edward of Norwich Duke of York; Duke of Aumale Duke of York Predecessor Edmund of Langley, 1st Duke Successor Richard Plantagenet, 3rd Duke Spouse Philippa de Mohun House House of York Father Edmund of Langley, 1st Duke of York Mother Infanta Isabella of Castile Born 1373
Died 25 October 1415(aged c. 41-42)
Sir Edward of Norwich, 2nd Duke of York, 2nd Earl of Cambridge, Earl of Rutland, Earl of Cork, Duke of Aumale KG (1373 – 25 October 1415) was a member of the English royal family who died at the Battle of Agincourt.
Edward is thought to have been born in Norwich. He was close to his cousin King Richard II, and was created Earl of Rutland (for the term of his father's life) by him in 1390, Earl of Cork (Ireland) in about 1394, and then Duke of Aumale in 1397. This association put him out of favour after the accession of King Henry IV, and he was deprived of his Dukedom. In 1400 he participated in a conspiracy against Henry IV, but betrayed the conspirators to the king. In 1402 he succeeded his father as Duke of York; the Earldom of Rutland, by its charter, then became extinct, although he continued to sign himself as Earl of Rutland. He married a widow, Philippa de Mohun, but there were no children from their marriage.
Edward wrote “The Master of Game”, a translation of the most famous of the hunting treatises of the Middle Ages, the “Livre de Chasse” of Gaston Phoebus, Count de Foix, adding five chapters of his own.
Edward took part in King Henry V's war on France and died at the Battle of Agincourt, the major English casualty in that battle. Although his death is depicted by Shakespeare and his adapters as an act of heroism, it was in fact more of an accident: like many of the French knights, he was unable to remain upright when unhorsed in the fray and effectively died of suffocation under a pile of other men and horses.
On his death, the dukedom did not immediately pass to his nephew, Richard Plantagenet, as Richard's father Richard of Conisburgh, 3rd Earl of Cambridge, had been attainted for treason, but the younger Richard was eventually restored to the Dukedom.
Titles, styles, honours and arms
As a grandson, in the male line, of the sovereign, Edward bore the arms of the kingdom, differenced by a label argent 3-point, per pale Castile and Leon. Upon his father's death in 1402, Edward inherited his arms, which were those of the kingdom, differentiated by a label argent of three points, each bearing three torteaux gules.
Legal offices Preceded by
The Earl of Kent
Justice in Eyre
South of Trent
The Duke of Gloucester
Peerage of England New creation Duke of Aumale
Deprived Preceded by
Edmund of Langley, 1st Duke
Duke of York
Richard Plantagenet, 3rd Duke
Edmund of Langley (1385–1402) · Edward of Norwich (1402–1415) · Richard Plantagenet (1415-1460) · Edward of York (1460-1461) · Richard of Shrewsbury (1474-1483) · Henry (1494-1509) · Charles (1605-1625) · James (1633/1644-1685) · Ernest Augustus (1716-1728) · Edward (1760-1767) · Frederick (1784-1827) · George (1892-1910) · Albert (1920-1936)
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