- Irregular galaxy
An irregular galaxy is a
galaxythat does not fall into any of the regular classes of the Hubble sequence. These are galaxies that feature neither spiral nor elliptical morphology. They are often chaotic in appearance, with neither a nuclear bulge nor any trace of spiral armstructure. Collectively they are thought to make up about a quarter of all galaxies. Most irregular galaxies were once spiral or elliptical galaxies but were deformed by gravitational action.irregular galaxies also contain abundant amounts of gas and dust
There are two major Hubble types of irregular galaxies:
* An Irr-I galaxy (Irr I) is an irregular galaxy that features some
structurebut not enough to place it cleanly into the Hubble sequence. de Vaucouleurssubtypes this into galaxies that have some spiral structure Sm, and those that do not Im.
* An Irr-II galaxy (Irr II) is an irregular galaxy that does not appear to feature any structure that can place it into the Hubble sequence.
A third classification of irregular galaxies are the dwarf irregulars, labelled as dI or dIrrs. This type of galaxy is now thought to be important to understand the overall evolution of galaxies, as they tend to have a low level of
metallicityand relatively high levels of gas, and are thought to be similar to the earliest galaxies that populated the Universe. They may represent a local (and therefore more recent) version of the faint blue galaxies known to exist in deep field galaxy surveys.
Some of the irregular galaxies are small
spiral galaxiesthat are being distorted by the gravity of a larger neighbor.
The Magellanic Cloud galaxies were once classified as irregular galaxies, but have since been found to contain barred spiral structures, and have been since re-classified as "SBm", a fourth type of
barred spiral galaxy.
Dwarf elliptical galaxy
Dwarf spheroidal galaxy
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