Francisco Javier Castaños, 1st Duke of Bailén
- Francisco Javier Castaños, 1st Duke of Bailén
:"For the Mexican town, see Castaños."
Don Francisco Javier Castaños Aragorri Urioste y Olavide, Count of Castaños y Aragones, 1st Duke of Baylen (es: "Don Francisco Javier Castaños Aragorri Urioste y Olavide, Conde de Castaños y Aragones, primer Duque de Bailén.") (Madrid, 22 April 1758 — Ibidem, 24 September 1852), was a Spanish general.
He is remembered for his spectacular victory over the French under Dupont, whom he surrounded and compelled to surrender at Bailen in 1808; after this he served under Wellington in several engagements, and was commander of the Spanish army, ready, if required, to invade France in 1815.
* [http://www.bicentenariobailen.com Bicentenary of the Battle of Bailén] (in Spanish).
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