- Anno Dracula series
The "Anno Dracula" series by
Kim Newman—named for "Anno Dracula" (1992), the series' first novel—is a work of fantasydepicting an alternate historyin which the heroes of Bram Stoker's novel " Dracula" fail to stop Count Dracula's conquest of Great Britain, resulting in a world where vampires are common and increasingly dominant in society.
The series is known for its carefully researched historical settings and the author's use as supporting characters of both historical people and
fictional characters of the appropriate period. The metafictional style was inspired by the Wold Newton Universe of Philip José Farmer, and Neil Gaimanhelped develop the series (and was originally going to be its co-author). [ [http://www.johnnyalucard.com/ad.html Anno Dracula: The Background] ] While Dracula is a central figure in the events of the series, he is a minor character in the books themselves, and usually appears in only a few climactic pages of each book.
Entries in the series have won awards from the
Dracula Society, the Lord Ruthven Assembly, and the International Horror Guild, and been short-listed for the Bram Stoker Awardand the Sidewise Award for Alternate History.
The series currently consists of three novels and a number of short stories and
1888. Dracula has married the widowed Queen Victoria, and rules as Prince Consort. A virtual checklist of fictional vampires have come out of hiding and gained new social status. But all is not going smoothly for the new regime:
Jack the Ripperstalks Whitechapel, murdering vampire prostitutes. Charles Beauregard, a (non-vampire) agent of the Diogenes Club, is sent to track the murderer down, and finds himself enmeshed in a plot to free England from Dracula's rule.
Unusually for the series, several of the borrowed characters in "Anno Dracula" have no links to the period. To give just two examples: the heroine
Geneviève Dieudonnéis recycled from Newman's own Warhammer novels (first appearing in 1989 "Drachenfels", written under the name Jack Yeovil), and has a brief cameo as a reporter following the Ripper case. (Newman has said that if he had realised he would get so many sequels out of the premise, he would have saved Kolchak up for a story set in the character's native 1970s.)
First published in October 1992, "Anno Dracula" has won the Dracula Society's Children of the Night Award, the Lord Ruthven Assembly's Fiction Award, and the
International Horror GuildAward for Best Novel, and was short-listed for the Bram Stoker Awardfor Best Novel.
The Encyclopedia of Fantasy" classifies "Anno Dracula" as " recursive fantasy", and further describes the work as not "strictly steampunk, but echoing in gaslight romanceterms steampunk's dense reworking of a 19th century London." (" The Encyclopedia of Fantasy", pp. 803, 896).
"The Bloody Red Baron"
World War I. The Graf von Dracula, after being expelled from Great Britain in 1897, spread his brand of unstable vampirism (and with it raging lycanthropy) throughout the Russian Imperial Family. He now leads Germany and the Central Powers against the Entente, with vampires - now a part of everyday life - fighting (and dying) on both sides. The Red Baron of the title is the historical ace fighter pilot Manfred von Richthofen, who in this altered history leads a squadron of monstrous flying vampires.
First published in November 1995, "The Bloody Red Baron" was shortlisted for the
Sidewise Award for Alternate History, Long Form.
"Dracula Cha Cha Cha" (or "Judgment of Tears")
1959. Every vampire who is anybody is flocking to Rome for Dracula's wedding, but there is a mysterious vampire killer on the loose. Events are complicated by the arrival of a British secret agent called Bond (but not
James Bond), on the trail of a Russian spymaster who never goes anywhere without his cat. The films of Federico Felliniare an influence on the setting and atmosphere, and several of his characters appear in the novel.
First published November 1998.
1980s. Newman has stated he is working on a fourth novel in the series that will conclude the overall story. The novel will be set in the
United Statesand will incorporate "Coppola's Dracula", "Castle in the Desert", "Andy Warhol's Dracula", and "The Other Side of Midnight". It includes references to " Taxi Driver", " Ms. 45", "Blade", "Buffy the Vampire Slayer", " The Deathmaster", "Elvira, Mistress of the Dark", " The Light at the End", "Death Wish", "Convoy", " Vampirella", " Natural Born Killers", "Badlands", " Nocturna", "Cruising", " Vampire Junction", " The Addiction", and " The Lost Boys". Newman says the book "features more of [Dracula] , and in more aspects, than the other three books put together." The book has been "nearly finished" since 2000, but "I don't even have a tentative date...It'll happen when it happens." [http://www.mania.com/dances-undead-kim-newman-part-2_article_23033.html Dances with the Undead: Kim Newman, Part 2] ]
hort stories and novellas
1888. Written in 1991, this novella was the first work in the series. It was later expanded into the novel "Anno Dracula".
First published in "The Mammoth Book of Vampires", 1992.
"Castle in the Desert"
1977. The story's first-person narrator, a private investigator, investigates the death of his ex-wife, found at the bottom of her swimming pool with an iron stake driven through her, and the disappearance of her daughter, last seen falling in with a crowd of vampire cultists. (The private investigator, though not named in the story, is clearly
Raymond Chandler's Philip Marlowe, and his ex-wife is the recurring character Linda Loring, whom Marlowe married in Chandler's unfinished final novel " Poodle Springs"—after initially rejecting the idea because he knew it would not last.)( [http://www.scifi.com/scifiction/originals/originals_archive/newman/newman1.html online] )
Francis Ford Coppolais making the film for which he will always be remembered—an adaptation of "Dracula" starring Marlon Brandoas Dracula and Martin Sheenas Jonathan Harker. (Yes, it is " Apocalypse Now", complete with all the famous quotes and mishaps during filming, albeit in Romaniainstead of the Philippines.) The film crew is befriended by a young-looking vampire, who leaves with them when they return to America.( [http://www.infinityplus.co.uk/stories/coppola.htm online] )
"Coppola's Dracula" won the
International Horror GuildAward for Best Long Fiction, and was nominated for the Bram Stoker Awardfor Best Long Fiction.
First appeared in "The Mammoth Book of Dracula", 1997.
"Andy Warhol's Dracula"
1978. New York. Johnny Pop, the young-looking vampire who came to America with Coppola's film crew, finds his place in his new homeland, on his way to becoming the next Dracula. He becomes rich (creating a drug ring that sells "drac", derived from vampire blood) and socially successful (befriending many luminaries, including
Andy Warhol), but risks losing it all when the many enemies he makes along the way join forces against him.
"Who Dares Wins"
April 30 1980. The Romanian Embassy in London has been taken over by "freedom fighters" who want Transylvaniato become a homeland for the undead. As Special Air Servicetroops mass for an assault, vampire/journalist Kate Reed is invited into the embassy to meet the leader of the terrorists. (The equivalent event in our history involved the Iranian embassy: see Iranian Embassy Siege.)( [http://www.johnnyalucard.com/whodares.html online] )
"The Other Side of Midnight"
Orson Wellesreceives funding from a mysterious source to film the ultimate version of "Dracula", and hires a private detective to find out why. (The title combines those of two of Welles' movies: " Chimes at Midnight" and " The Other Side of the Wind", the latter of which was left uncompleted at Welles' death in 1985. Welles also appeared as a minor character in "Dracula Cha Cha Cha".)
"The Other Side of Midnight" was shortlisted for the
Sidewise Award for Alternate History, Short Form.
"You Are the Wind Beneath My Wings"
1984. A covert mission using undead agents to unseat the Ceauşescu regime in Romania.
"Concert for Transylvania"
Not yet published: due to see first publication as part of "Johnny Alucard". (May be about an alternate version of
The Concert for Bangladesh.)
"Dead Travel Fast"
Published in the anthology "Dracula in London", this story features an untold tale of Dracula's deeds during the events of the original novel. Although it is not technically an Anno Dracula story, as it occurs before the events of "Anno Dracula" diverge from those in "Dracula", it may still be considered as an adjunct to the series. In the story, Dracula visits the manufacturers of one of the earliest
In a 2000 interview, Newman said that he had scripted an "Anno Dracula" movie for [http://www.imdb.com/name/nm0689415/ Stuart Pollok] and [http://www.imdb.com/name/nm0415110/ André Jacquemetton] , who originally wanted
Daniel Day Lewisand Isabelle Adjanifor Beauregard and Geneviève, and then Ralph Fiennesand Juliette Binocheafter they became too old. Other of Newman's suggestions were Jane Horrocksas Katie Reed, Helena Bonham Carteras Penelope Churchward, Colin Firthas Arthur Holmwood, Christopher Leeas Mycroft Holmes, Richard E. Grantas John Seward, and Harvey Keitelas Count Dracula.
According to an interview on
May 16, 2008, the rights to an "Anno Dracula" movie have been optioned, and Newman has written a script, but "I don't know if there's much movement on it...Over the years, I've had a few comics people say they'd be interested and even an occasional game nibble, but no one has ever come up with a solid deal." [ [http://intemblog.blogspot.com/2008/05/casting-play-interview-with-kim-newman.html Casting a play: Interview with Kim Newman] ]
Newman's series presents vampires as more or less natural beings, passing on a biological change through the sharing of blood. "We are natural beings, like any other," one vampire says. "There's no magic." (Though when confronted with the vampire's inexplicable inability to cast a reflection, she allows, "Maybe a little magic.... Just a touch.") ["Anno Dracula", Chapter 27.] Despite this, genetic studies have shown that the
DNAof an individual before and after becoming a vampire does not change, despite the obvious change in their body and its abilities."The Other Side of Midnight".] Additionally, the vampire Cagliostro is said to be able to perform genuine acts of magic."Judgment of Tears", Chapter 19.]
Newman's series brings together characters from a large number of legends and fictional works that portray the vampires in many different ways. He tries to explain this in part through the concept of "bloodline", in which particular vampiric traits are passed on from vampire to vampire. Lord Ruthven, the British prime minister, says of Dracula:
:There's grave-mould in his bloodline, Godalming. That's the sickness he spreads. Think yourself lucky that you are of my bloodline. It's pure. We may not turn into bats and wolves, my son-in-darkness, but we don't rot on the bone, either, or lose our minds in a homicidal frenzy. ["Anno Dracula", Chapter 7.]
Some vampires have an aversion to crucifixes, holy water and the like, but Newman portrays this a superstition; vampires without such "silly ideas" show no ill effects from religious symbols. ["Anno Dracula", Chapter 2.] Garlic, too, is only effective against vampires who believe their own folklore. However,
silveris deadly to all of Newman's vampires.
One trait that vampires share is an almost instantaneous healing ability. "Vampire physiology is such that wounds inflicted with ordinary weapons heal almost immediately," vampire expert
Dr. Jekyllsays in "Anno Dracula". "Tissue and bone regenerate, just as a lizard may grow a new tail. Silver has a counteractive effect on this process." However, "any major breach of the vital organs seems to produce true death," explaining why a stake through the heart is an effective tactic. ["Anno Dracula", Chapter 6.]
Sunlight is also dangerous to vampires, particularly to the "new-born"—those recently turned into undead. For vampire "elders", those with years or centuries of experience, sunshine may be tolerable though still strength-sapping. There is no firm agreement on what makes a vampire an elder; a rough consensus was outlasting one's natural lifetime followed by another lifetime, or two centuries. ["Judgment of Tears", Chapter 3.] Two-thirds of the vampire elders in Newman's universe come from the
Romanian area of the Southern Carpathians["Judgment of Tears", Chapter 2.] ; however, there are non-Caucasian vampires, such as the Chinese Assassin and Prince Mamuwalde.
Newman's vampires do need to drink blood for sustenance, though the taking of blood need not be fatal and is often voluntary. Indeed, several characters in "Anno Dracula" are vampiric prostitutes who service "warm" men in exchange for coin or, preferably, quaffs of their blood. Animal blood is also used by vampires as a second-rate substitute for human blood. As
:In his ignorance, Tom had thought the dead needed blood to survive the way the living needed water. It wasn't true. Warm blood could be like dope, or alcohol, or sex, or espresso, or sugar. Anything from a desperate addiction to a mild weakness. When the red thirst was on them, their famed powers of insight and persuasion turned to fuzz and fudge. ["Judgment of Tears", Chapter 4.]
Nor are vampires the only supernatural beings to inhabit Newman's universe.
Zombies exist, but are said to be types of vampires caused by an epidemic bloodline that damages the brain and requires the vampire to chew blood from flesh rather than drink it from the vein; like 'normal' zombies, they spread their infection through simple biting and can only be killed by destroying the brain."Judgment of Tears", Chapter 12.] Werewolves,"Judgment of Tears", Chapter 5.] ghosts, and non-vampire immortals ["Judgment of Tears", Chapter 26.] also exist; as do artificial life such as Dr. Moreau's animal-human hybrids, ["The Bloody Red Baron", Chapter 13.] and Frankenstein's monster, automaton assassins, and ; ["Judgment of Tears", Chapter 9.] extraterrestrial or genetically-engineered species, such as triffids and Audrey II, also exist. An octopoidal elder claims to be a Martian, and the Great Old Ones are also vaguely hinted at existing in this universe via the existence of the Esoteric Order of Dagon. Griffin's invisibility formula ["Anno Dracula", Chapter 10.] and Jekyll's ability to transform into Hyde ["Anno Dracula", Chapter 57.] also exist. Several "warms" are also said to have the vampire powers of precognition and telepathy, or the ability to perform acts of genuine magic. However, for the most part, vampires are the center-stage of Newman's paranormal setting.
* [http://www.johnnyalucard.com/ad.html Anno Dracula: The Background] by
* [http://www.pjfarmer.com/woldnewton/AnnoDracula.htm Anno Dracula Character Guide] : a complete guide to all the fictional characters appearing in the Anno Dracula series
* [http://www.johnreilly.info/anno.htm Anno Dracula: The Vampire State]
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