- Louis-Hippolyte Lafontaine
Sir Louis-Hippolyte Lafontaine (or La Fontaine), 1st Baronet (
October 4 1807– February 26 1864 Montreal) was the first Canadian to become Prime Minister of the United Province of Canadaand the first head of a responsible governmentin Canada. He was born in Boucherville, Lower Canada in 1807. A juristand statesman, Lafontaine was first elected to the Legislative Assembly of Lower Canadain 1830. He was a supporter of Papineau and member of the " Parti canadien" (later the " Parti patriote"). After the severe consequences of the Rebellions of 1837against the British authorities, he advocated political reforms within the new Union regime of 1841.
Under this Union of the two Canadas he worked with
Robert Baldwinand Francis Hincksin the formation of a party of Upper and Lower Canadian liberal reformers. He and Baldwin formed a government in 1842 but resigned in 1843. In 1848 he was asked by Lord Elgin to form the first administration under the new policy of responsible government. The Lafontaine-Baldwin government, formed on March 11, battled for the restoration of the official status of the French language, which was abolished with the Union Act, and the principles of responsible governmentand the double-majorityin the voting of bills.
While Baldwin was reforming Canada West (Upper Canada), Lafontaine passed bills to abolish the "tenure seigneuriale" (seigneurial system) and grant amnesty to the leaders of the rebellions in Lower Canada who had been exiled. The bill passed, but it was not accepted by the
loyalists of Canada East who protested violently and burned down the Parliamentin Montreal.
Lafontaine retired to private life in 1851 but was appointed chief justice of Canada East in 1853. In 1854 he was created a baronet by
Queen Victoriaand a knight commander in the pontifical Order of St. Sylvesterby Pope Pius IXin 1855.
* "Les deux girouettes, ou l’hypocrisie démasquée", Montréal, 1834 ( [http://bibnum2.banq.qc.ca/bna/numtexte/125475.pdf online] )
* "Notes sur l'inamovibilité des curés dans le Bas-Canada", Montréal, 1837
* "Analyse de l'ordonnance du Conseil spécial sur les bureaux d’hypothèques [...] ", Montréal, 1842
* "De l'esclavage en Canada", Montréal, 1859 [With
Jacques Viger] ( [http://books.google.ca/books?id=a-ANAAAAQAAJ&hl=fr online] )
* "De la famille des Lauson. Vice-rois et lieutenants généraux des rois de France en Amérique", 1859 ( [http://bibnum2.banq.qc.ca/bna/numtexte/337920.pdf online] )
* "The Address to the Electors of Terrebonne", 1840 ( [http://www.goodreads.ca/terrebonne/fr.html online] )
Montrealregion, both the Louis-Hippolyte Lafontaine Bridge-Tunneland the Parc Lafontaineurban park are named in his honour. A statue of Lafontaine and Baldwin was erected on Parliament Hill in Ottawa.
Lower Canada Rebellion
Timeline of Quebec history
* Monet, Jacques. " [http://www.biographi.ca/009004-119.01-e.php?&id_nbr=4541 La Fontaine, Louis-Hippolyte] ", in "Dictionary of Canadian Biography Online", University of Toronto and Université Laval, 2000
* Abbott Nish, M. E. "Double majority: Concept, Practice and Negotiations, 1840–1848", Master Thesis, McGill University, Montréal, 1966
* Leacock, S. B. (1907). "Baldwin, Lafontaine, Hincks. Responsible Government", Toronto, 371 p.
* Aubin, Georges (2002-05). "Louis-Hippolyte La Fontaine. Correspondance générale"
** Tome 1: "Les ficelles du pouvoir: correspondance entre Louis-Hippolyte La Fontaine et Robert Baldwin, 1840-1854"
** Tome 2: "Au nom de la loi: lettres de Louis-Hippolyte La Fontaine à divers correspondants, 1829-1847"
** Tome 3: "Mon cher Amable: lettres de Louis-Hippolyte La Fontaine à divers correspondants, 1848-1864"
* Aubin, Georges (1999). "Louis-Hippolyte La Fontaine. Journal de voyage en Europe, 1837-1838", Sillery: Septentrion, 153 p. ISBN 2-89448-142-X
* Bertrand, Réal (1993). "Louis-Hippolyte LaFontaine", Montréal: Lidec, 60 p. ISBN 2-7608-7046-4
* Auclair, Elie-Joseph (1933). "Figures canadiennes", Montréal, vol. 2, pp. 9-19 ( [http://bibnum2.banq.qc.ca/bna/numtexte/192700-2.pdf online] )
* DeCelles, Alfred Duclos (1907). "LaFontaine et son temps", Montréal: Librairie Beauchemin, 208 p.( [http://bibnum2.banq.qc.ca/bna/numtexte/181276.pdf online] )
* Laurent-Olivier David (1872). "Sir Ls.-H. Lafontaine", Montréal: Typographie Geo. E. Desbarats, 45 p.
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