Haemus Mons

Haemus Mons

In earlier times the Balkan mountains were known as the Haemus Mons. It is believed that the name is derived from a Thracian word "*saimon", 'mountain ridge', which is unattested but conjectured as the original Thracian form of Greek "Haimos".Fact|date=June 2008

In antiquity, the mountain range and the area around it was populated by free Thracian peoples such as the Bessi, Dii, and Satrae. Herodotus records that an oracle-shrine of Dionysus (a Thracian god borrowed by Greeks) was located atop one of its mountains.

John Milton's "Sylvarum Liber" ("Naturam non pati senium", v. 29) contains a reference to "lofty Haemus",:"Tunc etiam aërei divulsis sedibus Hæmi":the summit even of lofty Haemus shall crumble;

Alexander Pope mentions Haemus in connection with Orpheus in his "Ode for St. Cecilia's Day"::Hark! Haemus resounds with the Bacchanals' cries.

In Greek, the Balkan Peninsula was thus known as the Peninsula of Haemus (Χερσόνησος του Αίμου). This naming of the Balkans has some basis amongst today Greeks as well.

Other Uses

Haemus Mons is also a 10 km high mountain on the Jupiter moon Io.

ee also

*Balkan mountains
*Balkan peninsula
*Haemus (the mythical Thracian King)
*Montes Haemus (lunar mountain range)

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  • Haemus — In Greek mythology, King Haemus ( el. Αἷμος, Haîmos ) of Thrace was the son of Boreas. He was vain and haughty and compared himself and his wife, Queen Rhodope, to Zeus and Hera. The gods changed him and his wife into mountains (Haemus Mons and… …   Wikipedia

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  • Bessi — The Bessi ( Vesi ) were an independent Thracian tribe who lived in a territory ranging from Moesia to Mount Rhodope in southern Thrace, but are often mentioned as dwelling about Haemus, the mountain range that separates Moesia from Thrace.… …   Wikipedia

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