Northern York County School District

Northern York County School District
Northern York County School District
149 S. Baltimore Street
Dillsburg, Pennsylvania, York, 17019
United States
Grades K-12
Other Enrollment projected to increase to 3552 by 2019[1]
Mascot polar bear

The Northern York County School District is a public school district in York County, Pennsylvania. It econompasses an area of approximately 92 square miles (240 km2) which includes: the boroughs of Dillsburg, Wellsville, and Franklintown, plus Monaghan Township, Warrington Township, Carroll Township, and Franklin Township. The school district has a population of 20,023, according to a 2005 local census. The district features four elementary schools, one middle school, and one high school.

According to school district administrative officials, during the 2005-06 school year, the district provided basic educational services to 3,187 pupils through the employment of 16 administrators, 243 teachers, and 173 full-time and part-time support personnel. Special education was provided by the district and the Capital Area Intermediate Unit #15. Occupational training and adult education in various vocational and technical fields were provided by the district and the Cumberland-Perry Area Vocational-Technical School.



The school district is governed by 9 individually elected board members (serve four year terms), the Pennsylvania State Board of Education, the Pennsylvania Department of Education and the Pennsylvania General Assembly.[2] The federal government controls programs it funds like Title I funding for low income children in the Elementary and Secondary Education Act and the No Child Left Behind Act which mandates the district focus its resources on student success in acquiring reading and math skills.

The Commonwealth Foundation for Public Policy Alternatives Sunshine Review gave the school board and district administration a "D" for transparency based on a review of "What information can people find on their school district's website". It examined the school district's website for information regarding; taxes, the current budget, meetings, school board members names and terms, contracts, audits, public records information and more.[3]

Academic achievement

Northern York County School District was ranked 175th out of 498 Pennsylvania school districts in 2011 by the Pittsburgh Business Times. The ranking was based on five years of student academic achievement on the PSSA results on: reading, writing, math and three years of science.[4]

  • 2010 - 183rd [5]
  • 2009 - 213th
  • 2008 - 199th
  • 2007 - 233rd of 500 school districts in Pennsylvania.[6]

In 2009, the academic achievement of the students of Northern York County School DIstrict was in the 65th percentile among 500 Pennsylvania School Districts. Scale - (0-99; 100 is state best) [7]

In 2010, the Pittsburgh Business Times reported an Overachievers Ranking for 498 Pennsylvania school districts. Northern York County School District ranked 477th. In 2009 the district was 464th. The paper describes the ranking as: "a ranking answers the question - which school districts do better than expectations based upon economics? This rank takes the Honor Roll rank and adds the percentage of students in the district eligible for free and reduced lunch into the formula. A district finishing high on this rank is smashing expectations, and any district above the median point is exceeding expectations."[8]

Graduation rate

In 2010, the Pennsylvania Department of Education issued a new, 4 year cohort graduation rate. Northern York County School District's rate was 92.72% for 2010.[9]

According to traditional graduation rate calculations:

Graduation Requirements

The Northern York County School Board has set that a minimum of 23.5 credits, including English 4 credits, Social Studies 4 credits, Math 3 Credits, Science 3 credits, Arts/Humanities 2 credits, PE/Driver's Edu./Health 2 credits and 7.5 Elective credits.[16]

By law, all Pennsylvania secondary school students must complete a project as a part of their eligibility to graduate from high school. The type of project, its rigor and its expectations are set by the individual school district.[17] Northern High School has developed a four component process for the requirement. [18]

Beginning with the class of 2015, students must take the Keystone Exams in Literature and Algebra 1.[19]

High School

Northern High School is in Did not make AYP - School Improvement I due to chronically low student achievement.[20] This is the second year it has been in school improvement status. [21]

PSSA Results
11th Grade Reading
2010 - 68% on grade level. In Pennsylvania, 68% of 11th graders on grade level. [22]
2009 - 61%, State - 65%
2008 - 58%, State - 65%
2007 - 69%, State - 65.4% [23]

11th Grade Math:
2010 - 62% on grade level. In Pennsylvania, 59% of 11th graders on grade level.
2009 - 48%, State - 56%[24]
2008 - 47%, State - 56% [25]
2007 - 56%, State - 53%

11th Grade Science:
2010 - 46% on grade level. State - 39% of 11th graders were on grade level. [26]
2009 - 46%, State - 40%
2008 - 32%, State - 39% [27]
2007 - Tested, The state did not make the results public.

College remediation

According to a Pennsylvania Department of Education study released in January 2009, 35% of Northern York County School District graduates required remediation in mathematics and or reading before they were prepared to take college level courses in the Pennsylvania State System of Higher Education or community colleges.[28] Less than 66% of Pennsylvania high school graduates, who enroll in a four-year college in Pennsylvania, will earn a bachelor's degree within six years. Among Pennsylvania high school graduates pursuing an associate degree, only one in three graduate in three years.[29] Per the Pennsylvania Department of Education, one in three recent high school graduates who attend Pennsylvania's public universities and community colleges takes at least one remedial course in math, reading or English.

Dual enrollment

The high school offers a Dual Enrollment program. This state program permits high school students to take courses, at local higher education institutions, to earn college credits. Students remain enrolled at their high school. The courses count towards high school graduation requirements and towards earning a college degree. The students continue to have full access to activities and programs at their high school, including the graduation ceremony. The college credits are offered at a deeply discounted rate. The state offers a small grant to assist students in costs for tuition, fees and books.[30] Under the Pennsylvania Transfer and Articulation Agreement, many Pennsylvania colleges and universities accept these credits for students who transfer to their institutions.[31]

For the 2009-10 funding year, the school district received a state grant of $4,257 for the program.[32]

Northern Middle School

Eight Grade Reading:
2010 - 87% on grade level. In Pennsylvania, 81% of 8th graders on grade level.
2009 - 88%, State - 80%
2008 - 82%, State - 78% [33]

Eight Grade Math:
2010 - 83% on grade level. In Pennsylvania, 75% of 8th graders are on grade level.
2009 - 79%, State - 71%[34]
2008 - 78%, State - 70% [35]

Eight Grade Science:
2010 - 71% on grade level. State - 57% of 8th graders were on grade level.
2009 - 71%, State - 55%.[36]
2008 - 48%, State - 52%

Seventh Grade Reading:
2010 - 77% on grade level. In Pennsylvania, 73% of 7th graders are on grade level.
2009 - 84%, State - 71%
2008 - 77%, State - 70%

Seventh Grade Math:
2010 - 83% on grade level. In Pennsylvania, 77% of 7th graders are on grade level.
2009 - 86%, State - 75%
2008 - 81%, State - 70%

Sixth Grade Reading:
2010 - 77% on grade level. State: 68% of 6th graders were on grade level.
2009 - 69%, State - 67%
2008 - 78%, State - 67%

Sixth Grade Math:
2010 - 83% on grade level. State - 78% of 6th graders were on grade level.
2009 - 76%, State - 75%
2008 - 88%, State -72%

Bullying policy

In 2009, the administration reported there were 9 incidents of bullying in the district. [37][38]

The School Board prohibits bullying by district students and faculty. The board policy 249 (Adopted January 15, 2009) defines bullying and cyberbullying. The Board directs that complaints of bullying shall be investigated promptly, and corrective action shall be taken when allegations are verified. No reprisals or retaliation shall occur as a result of good faith reports of bullying.[39] The board expects staff members to be responsible to maintain an educational environment free from all forms of bullying. All Pennsylvania schools are required to have an anti-bullying policy incorporated into their Code of Student Conduct. The policy must identify disciplinary actions for bullying and designate a school staff person to receive complaints of bullying. The policy must be available on the school's website and posted in every classroom. All Pennsylvania public schools must provide a copy of its anti-bullying policy to the Office for Safe Schools every year, and shall review their policy every three years. Additionally, the district must conduct an annual review of that policy with students.[40] The Center for Schools and Communities works in partnership with the Pennsylvania Commission on Crime & Delinquency and the Pennsylvania Department of Education to assist schools and communities as they research, select and implement bullying prevention programs and initiatives.[41]

Education standards relating to student safety and antiharassment programs are described in the 10.3. Safety and Injury Prevention in the Pennsylvania Academic Standards for Health, Safety and Physical Education.[42]

Special Education

In December 2009, the district administration reported that 427 pupils or 13% of the district's pupils received Special Education services. [43]

The District engages in identification procedures to ensure that eligible students receive an appropriate educational program consisting of special education and related services, individualized to meet student needs. At no cost to the parents, these services are provided in compliance with state and federal law; and are reasonably calculated to yield meaningful educational benefit and student progress. To identify students who may be eligible for special education, various screening activities are conducted on an ongoing basis. When a child experiences difficulty within the classroom, screening information will be gathered by the Child Study Team (CST) located within the child’s school to determine his or her specific needs. These screening activities include: review of group-based data (cumulative records, enrollment records, health records, report cards, ability and achievement test scores); hearing, vision, motor, and speech/language screening; and review by the Instructional Support Team or Student Assistance Team. When screening results suggest that the student may be eligible, the District seeks parental consent to conduct a multidisciplinary evaluation. Parents who suspect their child is eligible make a written request for a multidisciplinary evaluation to the building principal. [44]

Gifted Education

The District Administration reported that 88 or 2.78% of its students were identified as gifted in 2009.[45] By law, the district must provide mentally gifted programs at all grade levels. The referral process for a gifted evaluation can be initiated by teachers or parents by contacting the student’s building principal and requesting an evaluation. All requests must be made in writing. To be eligible for mentally gifted programs in Pennsylvania, a student must have a cognitive ability of at least 130 as measured on a standardized ability test by a certified school psychologist. Other factors that indicate giftedness will also be considered for eligibility.[46] The Northern York County School district program consists of enrichment activities designed to broaden students’ academic and creative skills. [47]


In 2009, the district reported employing 278 teachers with a salary range of $35,000 to $92,000. [48] The average salary in the district is $49,544.[49]

In 2007, the district employed 209 teachers. The average teacher salary in the district was $47,614 for 180 days worked. [50] As of 2007, Pennsylvania ranked in the top 10 states in average teacher salaries. When adjusted for cost of living Pennsylvania ranked fourth in the nation for teacher compensation. [51] Additionally, the district's teachers receive: a defined benefit pension, health insurance, life insurance, college credit reimbursement, paid personal days, sick days, paid bereavement days and other benefits.[52] Teachers receive additional pay for extra duties and meetings held outside of regular school hours.

Northern York County School District administrative costs per pupil in 2008 was $672 per pupil. The lowest administrative cost per pupil in Pennsylvania was $398 per pupil.[53] The Pennsylvania School Boards Association keeps statistics on salaries of public school district employees in Pennsylvania. According to the association's report, the average salary for a superintendent for the 2007-08 school year was $122,165. Dr. Linda J. Lemmon was named superintendent in 2009. Superintendents and administrators receive a benefit package commensurate with that offered to the district's teachers' union.[54]

Reserves In 2008, the district reported a zero balance in a unreserved-undesignated fund. The designated fund balance was reported as $5,883,065. [55]

The district administration reported that per pupil spending in 2008 was $10,492 which ranked 439th in the state' 501 school districts.[56]

In December 2010, the Pennsylvania Auditor General conducted a performance audit of the district. Multiple significant findings were reported to the administration and the school board, including possible conflicts of interests in the actions of board members. [57]

The district is funded by a combination of: a local earned income tax 1.25%, a property tax, a real estate transfer tax, coupled with substantial funding from the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania and the federal government. In the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania, pension income and Social Security income are exempted from state personal income tax and local earned income tax, regardless of the level of personal wealth.[58]

According to an extensive study of York County school districts conducted by APA Associates in 2008, Northern York County School District achieved a -2 rating based on Performance and Relative Efficiency. Central York School District and Northeastern York School District ranked +10. Eleven of 16 York County districts achieved a positive rating. [59]

State basic education funding

For the 2010-11 budget year, the Northern York County School District received a 3.96% increase in Basic Education Funding for a total of $7,516,567. One hundred fifty Pennsylvania school districts received the base 2% increase. The highest increase in York County was awarded to Hanover Public School District at 8.39%. Among Pennsylvania school districts, the highest increase in 2010-11 went to Kennett Consolidated School District in Chester County which received a 23.65% increase in state funding.[60] The amount of increase each school district receives is determined by the Governor and the Secretary of Education through the allocation set in the state budget proposal made in February each year.[61]

In the 2009-2010 budget year, the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania provided a 4.41% increase in Basic Education funding for a total of $7,230,296. Four school districts in York County received increases of over 6% in Basic Education Funding in 2009. The highest increase was awarded to Central York School District which received 12.54% in 2009. In York County, 12 school districts received a less than 6% increase in state basic education funding in 2009 and three districts received the base 2% increase. Ninety school districts in the commonwealth were given the base 2% increase. Among the 500 school districts in Pennsylvania, Muhlenberg School District in Berks County received the highest with a 22.31% increase in funding. The state Basic Education funding to Northern York County School District in 2008-09 was $6,925,273. [62]

According to the Pennsylvania Department of Education, 429 students, in the district, received free or reduced lunches due to low family income in the 2007-2008 school year.[63]

Accountability Block Grants

Beginning in 2004-2005, the state launched the Accountability Block Grant school funding. This program has provided $1.5 billion to Pennsylvania’s school districts. The Accountability Block Grant program requires that its taxpayer dollars are focused on specific interventions that are most likely to increase student academic achievement. These interventions include: teacher training, All Day Kindergarten, lower class size K-3rd grade, literacy and math Coaching programs that provide teachers with individualized job-embedded professional development to improve their instruction, before or after school tutoring assistance to struggling students, For 2010-11 the Northern York County School District applied for and received $388,030 in addition to all other state and federal funding. The district used the funding to provide extensive teacher training to improve instruction, to use in classroom teacher coaches to train teachers, and to reduce class size K-3rd grade. [64][65]

Classrooms for the Future grant

The Classroom for the Future state program provided districts with hundreds of thousands of extra state funding to buy laptop computers for each core curriculum high school class (English, Science, History, Math) and paid for teacher training to optimize the computers use. The program was funded from 2006-2009. Northern York County School District did not apply to participate in 2006-07. In 2007-08 received $369,576 and $67,370 in 2008-09 for a total funding of $436,946. [66]

Federal Stimulus Funding

The district received an extra $1,042,476 in ARRA - Federal Stimulus money to be used in specific programs like special education and meeting the academic needs of low income students.[67] The Pennsylvania Department of Education advised the districts to use the money for nonrecurring expenses like purchasing equipment and teaching resources like books, and software.

Race to the Top grant

School district officials did not apply for the Race to the Top federal grant. When approved for the grant, the district would have received millions in additional federal dollars for improving student academic achievement.[68] Participation required the administration, the school board and the local teachers' union to sign an agreement to prioritize improving student academic success. In Pennsylvania, 120 public school districts and 56 charter schools agreed to participate. Six [[York County school districts applied to participate. Pennsylvania was not approved for the grant. The failure of districts to agree to participate was cited as one reason that Pennsylvania was not approved. [69]

Common Cents state initiative

The Northern York County School Board decided to not participate in the Pennsylvania Department of Education Common Cents program. The program called for the state to audit the district, at no cost to local taxpayers, to identify ways the district could save tax dollars. [70] After the review of the information, the district was not required to implement the recommended cost savings changes.

Real estate taxes

The school board levied a real estate tax of 14.3693 mills in 2010-11. [71] A mill is $1 of tax for every $1,000 of a property's assessed value. Irregular property reassessments have become a serious issue in the commonwealth as it creates a significant disparity in taxation within a community and across a region. On the local level, Pennsylvania district revenues are dominated by two main sources: 1) Property tax collections, which account for the vast majority (between 75-85%) of local revenues; and 2) Act 511 tax collections, which are around 15% of revenues for school districts.[72]

  • 2009-10 - 13.87 mills [73]
  • 2008-09 - 13.87 mills [74]

Act 1 Adjusted index

The Act 1 of 2006 Index regulates the rates at which each school district can raise property taxes in Pennsylvania. Districts are not allowed to raise taxes above that index unless they allow voters to vote by referendum, or they seek an exception from the state Department of Education. The base index for the 2011-2012 school year is 1.4 percent, but the Act 1 Index can be adjusted higher, depending on a number of factors, such as property values and the personal income of district residents. Act 1 included 10 exceptions including: increasing pension costs, increases in special education costs, a catastrophe like a fire or flood, increase in health insurance costs for contracts in effect in 2006 or dwindling tax bases. The base index is the average of the percentage increase in the statewide average weekly wage, as determined by the PA Department of Labor and Industry, for the preceding calendar year and the percentage increase in the Employment Cost Index for Elementary and Secondary Schools, as determined by the Bureau of Labor Statistics in the U.S. Department of Labor, for the previous 12-month period ending June 30. For a school district with a market value/personal income aid ratio (MV/PI AR) greater than 0.4000, its index equals the base index multiplied by the sum of .75 and its MV/PI AR for the current year.[75]

The School District Adjusted Index for the Northern York County School District 2006-2007 through 2011-2012.[76]

  • 2006-07 - 4.9%, Base 3.9%
  • 2007-08 - 4.3%, Base 3.4%
  • 2008-09 - 5.5%, Base 4.4%
  • 2009-10 - 5.1%, Base 4.1%
  • 2010-11 - 3.6%, Base 2.9%
  • 2011-12 - 1.7%, Base 1.4%

The Northern York County School Board did not apply for any exceptions to exceed the Act 1 index for the budget in 2011.[77] In the Spring of 2010, 135 Pennsylvania school boards asked to exceed their adjusted index. Approval was granted to 133 of them and 128 sought an exception for pension costs increases.[78]

Property tax relief

In 2010, the Homestead/Farmstead Property Tax Relief from gambling for the Northern York County School District was $119 per approved permanent primary residence. In the district, 6,098 property owners applied for the tax relief.[79] In 2009, the district's property tax relief amount was set at $208 to 6,019 approved homestead owners. In 2010 within York County, the highest amount went to York City School District set at $495 per approved homestead. The property tax relief was subtracted from the total annual school property tax bill. Property owners apply for the relief through the county Treasurer's office. Farmers can qualify for a farmstead exemption on building used for agricultural purposes. The farm must be at least 10 contiguous acres and must be the primary residence of the owner. Farmers can qualify for both the homestead exemption and the farmstead exemption. Pennsylvania awarded the highest property tax relief to residents of the Chester-Upland School District in Delaware County at $641 per homestead and farmstead in 2010.[80] CUSD was given $632 in 2009. This was the second year they were the top recipient.

Additionally, the Pennsylvania Property Tax/Rent Rebate program is provided for low income Pennsylvanians aged 65 and older; widows and widowers aged 50 and older; and people with disabilities age 18 and older. The income limit is $35,000 for homeowners. The maximum rebate for both homeowners and renters is $650. Applicants can exclude one-half (1/2) of their Social Security income, consequently individuals who have income substantially greater than $35,000, may still qualify for a rebate. Individuals must apply annually for the rebate. This can be taken in addition to Homestead/Farmstead Property Tax Relief.

Property taxes in Pennsylvania are relatively high on a national scale. According to the Tax Foundation, Pennsylvania ranked 11th in the U.S. in 2008 in terms of property taxes paid as a percentage of home value (1.34%) and 12th in the country in terms of property taxes as a percentage of income (3.55%).[81]


The district's students have access to a variety of clubs, activities and sports. Eligibility for participation is determined by the school board policy.[82]

By Pennsylvania law, all K-12 students in the district, including those who attend a private nonpublic school, cyber charter school, charter school and those homeschooled, are eligible to participate in the extracurricular programs including all athletics. They must meet the same eligibility rules as the students enrolled in the district's schools.[83]


  1. ^ Pennsylvania Department of Education School District Enrollment and projections, January 2009
  2. ^ Pennsylvania Public School Code Governance 2010
  3. ^ The Commonwealth Foundation for Public Policy Alternatives. "The Pennsylvania Project". Retrieved May 20, 2010. 
  4. ^ Pittsburgh Business Times (April 6, 2010). "Statewide Honor Roll Rankings information". 
  5. ^ Pittsburgh Business Times (May 6, 2010). "Statewide Honor Roll Rankings". 
  6. ^ Pittsburgh Business Times. (May 23, 2007). "Pennsylvania Public School Rankings,". 
  7. ^ 2009 PSSA RESULTS Northern York County SD
  8. ^ Overachiever statewide ranking, Pittsburgh Business Times. May 6, 2010
  9. ^ Pennsylvania Department of Education (March 15, 2011). "New 4-year Cohort Graduation Rate Calculation Now Being Implemented". 
  10. ^ Pennsylvania Department of Education (2011). "Northern York County School District Academic Achievement Report Card 2010 data table". 
  11. ^ Northern York County School District Academic Achievement Report Card 2009
  12. ^ 2008 High School Graduation Rates, The Times-Tribune June 2009
  13. ^ Pennsylvania Partnerships for Children Report (2008). "Pennsylvania High School Graduation rates". 
  14. ^ Pennsylvania Department of Education (2006). "Northern High School Academic Achievement Report Card 2006". 
  15. ^ Pennsylvania Department of Education (2005). "Northern York County School District Report Card 2005". 
  16. ^ Northern York County School District administration. "Northern High School Graduation Requirements". Retrieved 2011. 
  17. ^ Pennsylvania General Assembly. "Pennsylvania Code §4.24 (a) High school graduation requirements". 
  18. ^ Northern High School Administration (2010). "Northern High School Graduation Project guide". 
  19. ^ Pennsylvania Department of Education (2010). "Pennsylvania’s New Graduation Requirements". 
  20. ^ Pennsylvania Department of Education (2011). "NORTHERN YORK County School District AYP status 2010". 
  21. ^ Pennsylvania Department of Education (2011). "NORTHERN HS School AYP Overview". 
  22. ^ Pennsylvania Department of Education (2011). "Northern York County School District 11th grade PSSA Performance Levels 2010". 
  23. ^ Pennsylvania Department of Education (August 2007). "Report on Mathematics, Reading, Writing PSSA results by School 2007.". 
  24. ^ Pennsylvania Department of Education (2009). "2009 PSSAs: Reading, Math, Writing and Science Results". 
  25. ^ Pennsylvania Department of Education (2008). "2008 PSSAs: Reading and Math Results". 
  26. ^ The Scranton Times-Tribune - (2010). "Grading Our Schools PSSA database". 
  27. ^ 2008 PSSAs: Science Results
  28. ^ Pennsylvania College Remediation Report
  29. ^ National Center for Education Statistics - IPEDS 2008
  30. ^ Pennsylvania Department of Education. "Dual Enrollment Guidelines 2010-11". 
  31. ^ Pennsylvania Department of Education. "Pennsylvania Transfer and Articulation Agreement". Retrieved March 2010. 
  32. ^ Pennsylvania Department of Education (August 2009). "Dual Enrollment Fall Grants 2009-10.". 
  33. ^ Reading results PSSA 2008 Northern York County SD
  34. ^ 2009 PSSAs: Reading, Math, Writing and Science Results Pennsylvania Department of Education Report
  35. ^ Math results PSSA 2008 Northern York County SD
  36. ^ Pennsylvania Department of Education Report on Science PSSA 2009 by Schools. August 2009.
  37. ^ Northern York County School District School Safety Annual Report 2008 - 2009
  38. ^ Pennsylvania Safe Schools Online Reports
  39. ^ Northern York County School District Policy Manual Bullying Policy 249
  40. ^ Regular Session 2007-2008 House Bill 1067, Act 61 Section 6 page 8
  41. ^ Center for Safe Schools of Pennsylvania, Bullying Prevention advisory
  42. ^ Pennsylvania Academic Standards
  43. ^ Northern York County SD Special Education Data Report LEA Performance on State Performance Plan (SPP) Targets School Year 2008-2009
  44. ^ Northern York County School District - Special Education Department - Annual Public Notice of Special Education Services
  45. ^ Pennsylvania Department of Education (Revised December 1, 2009 Child Count (Collected July 2010)). "Gifted Students as Percentage of Total Enrollment by School District/Charter School". 
  46. ^ Pennsylvania Department of Education and Pennsylvania School Board. "CHAPTER 16. Special Education For Gifted Students". Retrieved February 4, 2011. 
  47. ^ Northern York County School District Administration (2011). "Northern York County Student Services". 
  48. ^ Pa. Public School Salaries, Asbury Park Press 2009
  49. ^ Northern York County School District report 2009
  50. ^ Fenton, Jacob, Average classroom teacher salary in York County, 2006-07. The Morning Call. accessed March 2009.
  51. ^ { Pennsylvania School Board Association School Salaries annual reports]
  52. ^ Northern York County Professional Education Association Employment Contract 2009
  53. ^ Fenton, Jacob. Pennsylvania School District Data: Will School Consolidation Save Money?, The Morning Call, Feb 2009.
  54. ^ Public School Salaries 11th Annual, Pennsylvania School Board Association, October 2009
  55. ^ Pennsylvania Department of Education report on Fund Balances by Local Education Agency 1997 to 2008
  56. ^ Per Pupil Spending in Pennsylvania Public Schools in 2008 Sort Spending
  58. ^ Pennsylvania Department of Revenue Personal Income Taxation Guidelines. accessed April 2010
  59. ^ DeCesare, Dale, Augenblick, John, Myers, John, Examining Resource Use and Areas for Enhanced Cooperation in York County’s School Districts. January 2008
  60. ^ PA Basic Education Funding-Printout2 2010-2011 Pennsylvania House Appropriations Committee Education Budget information.
  61. ^ Pennsylvania Budget Proposal 2010, Office of the Budget, February 2010.
  62. ^ Pennsylvania Department of Education Report on Funding by school district October 2009
  63. ^ Pennsylvania Department of Education Funding Report by Local Education Agency, October 2009.
  64. ^ Pennsylvania Department of Education - Accountability Block Grant report 2010, Grantee list 2010
  65. ^ Accountability Block Grant Mid Year report
  66. ^ Pennsylvania Auditor General CFF grants audit 12/22/08
  67. ^ York County ARRA FUNDING
  68. ^ Pennsylvania's 'Race to the Top' Fueled by Effective Reforms, Strong Local Support
  69. ^ Race to the Top Fund, U.S. Department of Education, March 29, 2010.
  70. ^ Common Cents program - Making Every Dollar Count
  71. ^ Real Estate Tax Millage by School District, Pennsylvania Department of Education. 2010
  72. ^ Pennsylvania Department of Education, Act 511 Tax Report, 2004
  73. ^ Pennsylvania School District Finances_Real Estate Tax Rates_0910
  74. ^ Pennsylvania School District Real Estate Tax Rates 2008-09
  75. ^ Pennsylvania Department of Education 2010-11 Act 1 of 2006 Referendum Exception Guidelines.
  76. ^ Special Session Act 1 of 2006 School District Adjusted Index for 2006-2007 through 2011-2012, Report prepared by Pennsylvania Department of Education, May 2010.
  77. ^ Pennsylvania SSAct1_Act1 Exceptions Report 2010-2011 April 2010
  78. ^ Scarcella, Frank and Pursell, Tricia, Local school tax assessments exceed state averages. The Daily Item, May 25, 2010
  79. ^ Tax Relief per Homestead 2010, Pennsylvania Department of Education Report May 1, 2010
  80. ^ Tax Relief per Homestead 5-1-09. Report Pennsylvania Department of Education, May 2009
  81. ^ New Census Data on Property Taxes on Homeowners, Tax Foundation, September 22, 2009.
  82. ^ Northern York County School Board Policy Manual Co-curriculars Policy 122 and Interscholastic Athletics Policy 123
  83. ^ Home-Schooled, Charter School Children Can Participate in School District Extracurricular Activities, Pennsylvania Office of the Governor Press Release, November 10, 2005

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