Minoa

Minoa

Minoa is the name of several bronze-age settlements in the Aegean coasts, in Corfu and in Sicily. The original meaning of the word remains unknown, but it seems that there is a strong connection with the mythic king of Crete Minos, during the bronze-age Minoan civilization which flourished in Crete and in the Aegean islands (2000-1470 BC). The inhabitants of Crete were named Minoans by Arthur Evans, after the legendary king. The root min- corresponds to a group of Aegean languages, and appears also in some toponyms like Minya, Minassos and in the name of the Minyans. [1]

Heraclea Minoa at the mouth of the river Platani in Sicily

The name was given to some harbours in the north coasts of Crete, and it is also an older indication in the islands Paros, Siphnos, Amorgos, Corfu (Korkyra) and Sicily. [2] In Gaza the name was introduced later by the Philistines in 1200 BC. [3] These settlements appear not only in the islands but also in harbours that were specially selected as support-points for thalassocracy. This is evident for an island outside of the Laconic coast with the present name Monemvasia, and for the small island outside of the harbour of Megara in Greece. [2] [4]

Monemvasia island in southern Greece,the ancient Minoa

It seems that the Minoans travelled from Crete down to Egypt, Syria and Mari of Euphrates,to Asia Minor (Anatolia) and Black Sea through the Aegean islands, [5] and to the West up to Lipari (Aeolian islands) to the north of Sicily. [6] Approximately in 1600 BC the routes to Italy and Asia Minor were gained by the rising Myceneans. They followed the same tradition with the establishment or use of commercial and supporting settlements in the Mediterranean coasts. [7]

See also

References

  1. ^ F.Schachermeyer (1964).Die Minoische Kultur des alten Kreta.W.Kohlhammer Stuttgart. pp. 301-302
  2. ^ a b F.Schachermeyer (1964).Die Minoische Kultur des alten Kreta.W.Kohlhammer Stuttgart. p.303
  3. ^ Steph. Byzantios: s.v Gaza and Minoa : F.Schachermeyer (1964).Die Minoische Kultur des alten Kreta.W.Kohlhammer Stuttfgart. p.303
  4. ^ Pausanias. "The island outside of the harbour Nisaia of Megara was named after the king Minos and was conquered by the Athenians in 427 BC" : Fraser, J.G. Commentary, (1913) Pausanias's Description of Greece: Book 1: Attica .Macmillan. pp.549-550
  5. ^ F.Schachermeyer.(1964).Die Minoische Kultur des alten Kreta.W.Kohlhammer Stuttgart. pp 79,108
  6. ^ F.Schachermeyer.(1964).Die Minoische Kultur des alten Kreta.W.Kohlhammer Stuttgart. p 108
  7. ^ F.Schachermeyer.(1964).Die Minoische Kultur des alten Kreta.W.Kohlhammer Stuttgart. pp 98,303-304


Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Игры ⚽ Поможем написать реферат

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Minoa — (griechisch Μινώα) bezeichnet: in der antiken Geographie: Minoa (Akrotiri), eine Stadt auf Kreta, beim heutigen Marathi auf der Halbinsel Akrotiri, etwa 5 km südöstlich vom Flughafen Chania Minoa (Kreta), eine Stadt an der Nordostküste von Kreta …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Minoa — Villa de los Estados Unidos …   Wikipedia Español

  • Minoa — est une ville située au nord de la Grèce. Ce document provient de « Minoa ». Catégorie : Ville de Grèce …   Wikipédia en Français

  • MINOA — oppid. Cretae geminum, unum in ora ad Ortum inter Samonium promontor. et Gamaram urbem in Boream vergentem. Altemura Sophiano. Alterum in ora Boreali a Cydone 10. mill. pass. in Ortum apud Amphimalim sinum. Minola Moletio. Item urbs in Amorgo,… …   Hofmann J. Lexicon universale

  • Minoa — Minoa, NY U.S. village in New York Population (2000): 3348 Housing Units (2000): 1293 Land area (2000): 1.239879 sq. miles (3.211271 sq. km) Water area (2000): 0.000000 sq. miles (0.000000 sq. km) Total area (2000): 1.239879 sq. miles (3.211271… …   StarDict's U.S. Gazetteer Places

  • Minoa, NY — U.S. village in New York Population (2000): 3348 Housing Units (2000): 1293 Land area (2000): 1.239879 sq. miles (3.211271 sq. km) Water area (2000): 0.000000 sq. miles (0.000000 sq. km) Total area (2000): 1.239879 sq. miles (3.211271 sq. km)… …   StarDict's U.S. Gazetteer Places

  • Minōa — (a. Geogr.), 1) ein vor dem Hafen Nisäa in Megaris liegendes Eiland, das durch eine Brücke mit dem Festland verbunden war; j. eine der Kazourischen Inseln; 2) Hafenstadt auf Kretas Nordküste, am Golf von Suda; j. Sternes; 3) Stadt ebenda, weiter… …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Minoa — Original name in latin Minoa Name in other language State code US Continent/City America/New York longitude 43.07618 latitude 76.00075 altitude 128 Population 3449 Date 2011 05 14 …   Cities with a population over 1000 database

  • Minoa, New York —   Village   …   Wikipedia

  • Minoa (disambiguation) — Minoa may refer to: Cities Minoa, name of bronze age settlements in the Mediterranean coasts. city relative with the mythic king Minos Heraclea Minoa, an ancient town in Sicily. Minoa, New York, a village in New York, United states. Biology Minoa …   Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”