Micronutrient Initiative

Micronutrient Initiative
Micronutrient Initiative
Founder(s) M.G. Venkatesh Mannar
Founded 1992
Location Ottawa, Ontario, Canada
Area served Worldwide
Focus Healthcare, education
Revenue $30,128,871 (2009) CAD[1]
Employees 30 head office, 70 worldwide
Motto Solutions for hidden hunger
Website Micronutrient Initiative

The Micronutrient Initiative (MI) is an international not for profit agency based in Canada that works to eliminate vitamin and mineral deficiencies in developing countries.[2] Although often only required by the body in very small amounts, vitamin and minerals - also known as micronutrients - support an array of critical biological functions including growth, immune function and eye function, as well as foetal development of the brain, the nervous system, and the skeletal system. Micronutrient deficiency is a form of malnutrition and is a recognized health problem in many developing countries.[3] Globally, more than two billion people live with vitamin and mineral deficiencies.[4]



In 1990, leaders attending the World Summit for Children set the goal of virtually eliminating micronutrient deficiencies.[5] In 1992, Micronutrient Initiative was established as a secretariat within the International Development Research Centre (IDRC), based in Ottawa, Canada, to support progress toward that goal. In 1993 IDRC recruited an executive director for the secretariat and transferred 2–3 of its staff to the new organization.[6] Venkatesh Mannar took over in June 1994 as the executive director. Until 2000, MI was governed by a steering committee composed of the Canadian International Development Agency (CIDA), the International Development Research Centre, UNICEF, The World Bank, and USAID. In 2000, MI became an independent not-for-profit organization.[7]


The organization advocates for, and provides funding and technical assistance for salt iodisation, the distribution of multi-micronutrient powders, the fortification of staple foods such as wheat flour with vitamin A, iron and folic acid, and dietary supplementation with vitamin A, iron, zinc and folic acid. Since 1997, with funding support from the Government of Canada, the Micronutrient Initiative has provided more than five billion doses of vitamin A for use by UNICEF and national governments.[8]

MI is credited with playing a pioneering role in engaging corporations and trade associations at both the global and national level in partnerships to improve micronutrient nutrition.[9]


The staff of MI includes scientists, nutritionists, and policy and development experts. In addition to its headquarters in Ottawa, the organization has offices in Ethiopia, Kenya, Nigeria, Senegal, Afghanistan, Bangladesh, India, Indonesia, Nepal and Pakistan.


  • Annual Report 2009-2010[1]
  • Investing in the future: a united call to action on vitamin and mineral deficiencies, Micronutrient Initiative, Flour Fortification Initiative, GAIN, USAID, The World Bank, UNICEF, 2008 uture.pdf
  • Best Practice Paper: Micronutrient Supplements for Child Survival (Vitamin A and Zinc), Sue Horton, France Begin, Alison Greig & Anand Lakshman, Copenhagen Consensus Center [2]
  • Practice Paper: Micronutrient Fortification (Iron and Salt Iodization), Sue Horton, Venkatesh Mannar & Annie Wesley, Copenhagen Consensus Center [3]
  • Solution in a Pinch: The Micronutrient Initiative’s Double Fortified Salt strategy tackles two problems in one go, The Micronutrient Initiative [4]
  • Iron in vitro bioavailability and iodine storage stability in double fortified salt, Li YO, Diosady LL and Wesley AS, Food and Nutrition Bulletin, 2009; 30:327-335 [5]
  • Miller’s best/enhanced practices for flour fortification at the flour mill, Q. W. Johnson and A. S. Wesley, Food and Nutrition Bulletin, vol. 31, no. 1 (supplement), 2010, S75-S85 [6]
  • Iodine stability in iodized salt dual fortified with microencapsulated ferrous fumarate made by an extrusion-based encapsulation process, Yao O. Li, Levente L. Diosady, Annie S. Wesley, Journal of Food Engineering, 99 (2), pg. 232-238. [7]


  1. ^ Annual Report 2008-2009. Micronutrient Initiative
  2. ^ Plus 5 Review of the 2002 Special Session on Children and World Fit for Children Plan of Action: Response by Canada, p. 16.
  3. ^ Bhan, MK, H. Sommerfelt, and T. Strand, (2001), Micronutrient deficiency in children. British Journal of Nutrition, 85:199:203.
  4. ^ Flour Fortification Initiative, GAIN, Micronutrient Initiative, USAID, The World Bank, UNICEF, Investing in the Future: A United Call to Action on Vitamin and Mineral Deficiencies, 2009, p. 1
  5. ^ UNICEF, Plan of Action for Implementing the World Declaration on the Survival, Protection and Development of Children in the 1990s, #13.
  6. ^ Sanghvi T, Ross J, Heymann H., "Why is reducing vitamin and mineral deficiencies critical for development?" Food and Nutrition Bulletin, 2007, 28(1S), p. 167.
  7. ^ UNICEF Canada, Global Child Survival and Health: A 50-year Progress Report from UNICEF Canada, p. 68.
  8. ^ Micronutrient Initiative, FAQ
  9. ^ Harvard University - John F. Kennedy School of Management, The Conference Board, International Business Leaders Forum, Business as a Partner in Overcoming Malnutrition: An Agenda for Action, p. 12.

External links

Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Игры ⚽ Нужна курсовая?

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Micronutrient — Micronutrients are nutrients required by humans and other living things throughout life in small quantities to orchestrate a whole range of physiological functions, but which the organism itself cannot produce.[1] For people, they include dietary …   Wikipedia

  • Vitamin A — Systematic (IUPAC) name (2E,4E,6E,8E) 3,7 Dimethyl …   Wikipedia

  • Sight and life — is a philanthropic initiative of DSM, the Life Sciences and Materials Sciences company, that provides financial, technical and communication support to health care professionals, micronutrient interventions and research in developing countries.… …   Wikipedia

  • Malnutrition — Underfeeding redirects here. For the concept in metalworking, see Underfeeder. Undernutrition redirects here. For the undernutrition without malnutrition concept, see Calorie restriction. Malnutrition Classification and external resources The… …   Wikipedia

  • Health and intelligence — are two closely related aspects of human well being. The impact of health on intelligence is one of the most important factors in understanding human group differences in IQ test scores and other measures of cognitive ability. Several factors can …   Wikipedia

  • Impact of health on intelligence — Human intelligence Abilities and Traits Abstract thought Communication · Creativity Emotional Intelligence Kn …   Wikipedia

  • Йодированная поваренная соль — кухонная соль с добавлением строго определённого количества йод содержащих солей: йодида или йодата калия. При приёме внутрь способствует профилактике развития йод дефицитных заболеваний в географических местностях с природным дефицитом… …   Википедия

  • Sel iodé — Le sel iodé est un sel de table mélangé avec une faible quantité de sel d iode, de façon à diminuer les risques de déficience en iode dans l organisme, déficiences qui sont à l origine de problèmes au niveau de la glande thyroïdienne. À travers… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Baroda Medical College — Established 1949 Type State University[1] Endowment I …   Wikipedia

  • Global health — is a field at the intersection of several social science disciplines demography, economics, epidemiology, political economy and sociology. It focuses on determinants and distribution of health in international contexts. The term global health… …   Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”