Metropolitan Area Projects Plan

Metropolitan Area Projects Plan

The Metropolitan Area Projects Plan, or MAPS, was a $350 million public works and redevelopment project in Oklahoma City, Oklahoma during the middle to late 1990s, funded by a temporary voter-approved sales tax increase.



In the early 1990s Oklahoma City was in decline as a city.[1] In 1992, after the city lost a contract to house a new maintenance facility for United Airlines to Indianapolis, Indiana because the airline considered Indianapolis to have a better standard of living, then-mayor Ron Norick and the Greater Oklahoma City Chamber of Commerce proposed MAPS as a measure to improve the city's economy and attractiveness as a tourist destination.[1]

City residents were initially skeptical over funding the public projects through a sales tax increase, and as late as a month before the tax referendum opposed the plan by a 20% margin. However, the plan did pass by a slim margin in a vote in December, 1993.[1] During the five year tax period the city raised nearly $310 million in direct taxes, plus $52 million of income on the tax money it had deposited. The tax was extended with voter approval for an additional six months to raise enough money to complete all of the projects, and construction continued until 2004.

Encouraged by the success of MAPS, city leaders proposed and adopted "MAPS for Kids", a public school improvement program. In December 2009 the city approved a third program, "MAPS 3", which would build $750 million in further improvements paid for by a similar sales tax increase.


MAPS comprised nine projects, chosen to appeal to a wide variety of city residents:[2]



External links

  • MAPS page - official page, maintained by the Government of Oklahoma City

Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Игры ⚽ Нужна курсовая?

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Metropolitan Area Projects Plan 3 — The Metropolitan Area Projects Plan 3, or MAPS3, is a $777 million public works and redevelopment project in Oklahoma City, Oklahoma funded by a temporary voter approved sales tax increase. History Following the passage of the Metropolitan Area… …   Wikipedia

  • Metropolitan Area Outer Underground Discharge Channel — The Metropolitan Area Outer Underground Discharge Channel (首都圏外郭放水路, shutoken gaikaku hōsuiro …   Wikipedia

  • Chicago Central Area Transit Plan — The Chicago Central Area Transit Plan, or generally referred to as the Chicago Central Area Transit Project (CCATP) in the 1970s, was an extensive study of the rapid transit system in downtown Chicago; the study had begun in 1965. In April 1968,… …   Wikipedia

  • Atlanta metropolitan area — Metro Atlanta redirects here. For the transit agency, see Metropolitan Atlanta Rapid Transit Authority. Metro Atlanta Atlanta Sandy Springs Marietta, Georgia MSA   CSA   …   Wikipedia

  • New York metropolitan area — New York Newark Bridgeport New York New Jersey Connecticut Pennsylvania Combined Statistical Area (CSA)   Tri State Area   …   Wikipedia

  • Ho Chi Minh City Metropolitan Area — is a metropolitan area that was in June 2008 proposed by the Ministry of Construction of Vietnam to the Government of Vietnam for approval. According to this master plan, this metropolitan area will include provinces around Ho Chi Minh City in… …   Wikipedia

  • Barcelona metropolitan area — This article is about the metropolitan area. For the administrative area, see Àrea Metropolitana de Barcelona (AMB, Greater Barcelona). Barcelona metropolitan area área metropolitana de Barcelona   metropolitan area   …   Wikipedia

  • Fayetteville–Springdale–Rogers Metropolitan Area — [[Image:|200px|center|Map of Northwest Arkansas]] Common name: Northwest Arkansas Largest city Fayetteville, Arkansas Other cities Bentonville, Arkansas Springdale, Arkansas Rogers, Arkansas Bella Vi …   Wikipedia

  • Fayetteville-Springdale-Rogers Metropolitan Area — The Fayetteville Springdale Rogers Metropolitan Statistical Area, as defined by the United States Census Bureau, is a four county area including three Arkansas counties and one Missouri county. The MSA (most often referred to as Northwest… …   Wikipedia

  • Phoenix metropolitan area arterial roads — Many arterial roads in the Phoenix metropolitan area have the same name in multiple cities or towns. Some roads change names or route numbers across town borders, resulting in occasional confusion. For example, the road known as Apache Boulevard… …   Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”