- Meaningful play
Descriptive definition: "Meaningful play in a game emerges from the relationship between player action and system outcome; it is the process by which a player takes action within the designed system of a game and the system responds to the action. The meaning of an action in a game resides in the relationship between action and outcome"
Evaluative definition: "Meaningful play is what occurs when the relationships between actions and outcomes in a game are both discernable and integrated into the larger context of the game"
Meaningful Play is also the name of a conference held at Michigan State University.
- Rules of Play: Game Design Fundamentals, MIT Press
- Video Games and Interactive Media: A Glimpse at New Digital Entertainment, by Stéphane Natkin
- Children's Play and Playgrounds, by Joe L. Frost, Barry L. Klein
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