- Mata'afa Iosefo
Mata'afa Iosefo (born 1832 - died 6 February 1912) was a Paramount Chief of Samoa who was one of the three rival candidates for the kingship of Samoa during colonialism. He was also referred to as Tupua Malietoa To'oa Mata'afa Iosefo.
The matai chiefly title Mata'afa is one of four highest titles in Samoa. From the late 19th century, Iosefo (first name) played a pivotal role during the country's colonial era when Germany, Great Britain and the United States were vying for control of the Samoa Islands. Each western power had their own chiefly candidate for the 'kingship' of Samoa.
In the late 19th century, Mata'afa Iosefo was exiled to the Marshall Islands and was permitted to return in 1898. The Germans upheld his claim for the kingship.
During the Second Samoan Civil War, Mata'afa Iosefo and his followers won several battles, including the Third Battle of Vailele in which the Mataafans defeated Samoan loyalists and a squadron of British and American warships.
His push for the kingship of Samoa was also supported by the early Mau movement led by orator Lauaki Namulauulu Mamoe. In 1900, Iosefo was declared Ali'i Sili (highest chief) by the German colonial powers. Iosefo succeeded his father, Mata'afa Tafagamanu, to the Mata'afa title.
- ^ a b Meleisea, Malama (1987). The Making of Modern Samoa. University of the South Pacific. p. 54. ISBN 9820200318. http://books.google.co.nz/books?id=kMKgKanykIUC&pg=PA166&dq=Amaile&cd=10#v=onepage&q=Amaile&f=false. Retrieved 8 March 2010.
- ^ a b c Tuimalealiʻifano, Morgan A. (2006). O tama a ʻāiga: the politics of succession to Sāmoa's paramount titles. University of the South Pacific, email@example.com. p. 13. ISBN 9820203775. http://books.google.co.nz/books?id=uzuEU21y9zsC&pg=PA13&dq=Mata'afa+Iosefo&lr=#v=onepage&q=Mata'afa%20Iosefo&f=false.
- ^ Garrett, John (1992). Footsteps in the sea: Christianity in Oceania to World War II. University of the South Pacific, firstname.lastname@example.org. p. 203. ISBN 9820200687. http://books.google.co.nz/books?id=r0ktfzHcJPYC&pg=PA203&dq=Mata'afa+Iosefo&lr=#v=onepage&q=Mata'afa%20Iosefo&f=false.
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