Guira

Guira

Taxobox
name = "Guira"
status = LC | status_system = IUCN3.1



image_width = 250px
regnum = Animalia
phylum = Chordata
classis = Aves
ordo = Cuculiformes
familia = Cuculidae
genus = "Guira"
genus_authority = Lesson, 1830
species = "G. guira"
binomial = "Guira guira"
binomial_authority = (Gmelin, 1788)

The guira ("Guira guira") is a cuckoo related to anis. It is one of the most common birds of Brazil, absent only from the continuous forest of Amazonia.

It has a hirsute orangey crest and measures 40 cm. [http://www.britannica.com/eb/article-9038447/guira Guira] in Encyclopaedia Britannica online (free sample). Consulted March 28, 2007 ] Like its cousins the anis, the guira gives off a strong, pungent odour.

Nutrition

The guira feeds on big arthropods, frogs, small birds and small mammals such as mice.

Behaviour

The guira goes about on the ground, usually in flocks of 6 to 18 individuals, with other birds such as the Chalk-browed mockingbird ("Mimus saturninus") and the Smooth-billed Ani ("Crotophaga ani") whose behaviour is very similar.

They live in groups but have the tendency to form pairs.

Nidification

The nest is built on a tree fork 5 metres from the ground. The eggs (from 5 to 7) are dark green and covered with a chalky layer. They are incubated either in individual or community nests; in the latter one can find up to 20 eggs. Under community nests there are many broken eggs. The competition between young being great, mortality is significant.

References

* Database entry includes justification for why this species is of least concern
* [http://www.zoobasel.ch/Tiere/tiere/voegel_details.asp?TiereID=143&ZooeinteilungID=18 Guiera at Zoo Basel / Switzerland] including map.

Gallery


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