Jashobeam (play /ˌæʃəˈb.əm/; Hebrew: יָשָׁבְעָם‎, Yāšoḇəʻām; Latin: Iēsbaam, whence English Jesbaam or Jesbaham; fl. 10th or 9th century BC), also called Josheb-Basshebeth (/ˈˌʃɛb ˈbæʃɨˌbɛθ/; יֹשֵׁב בַּשֶּׁבֶת, Yōšēḇ Baššeḇeṯ; some Septuagint manuscripts "Ish-Bosheth") and possibly Adino the Eznite (/əˈdn/; עֲדִינֹו, ʻAdīnō), was chief of the Three Mighty Warriors[1][2] and an officer under David in charge of 24,000 men[2][3] according to the Second Book of Samuel (2 Samuel) and the First Book of Chronicles (1 Chronicles). Jashobeam was a Benjamite from Hakmon (he is variously called a "Hakmonite" or "Tahkemonite").[1][2] His father was Zabdiel,[3] a descendant of Korah.[4] He was also a descendant of Pharez of the Tribe of Judah.[5]

Jashobeam was renowned in the Kingdom of Israel for having singlehandedly killed several hundred troops with his spear (800 according to Samuel, 300 according to Chronicles).[1][2] However, in 2 Samuel 23:8–17, in a passage describing the Three (Jashobeam, Eleazar, and Shammah), the Hebrew and most Septuagint manuscripts read, "Josheb-Basshebeth, a Tahkemonite, was chief of the Three; it was Adino the Eznite[,] who killed eight hundred men in one encounter" (2 Samuel 23:8b). It is unclear textually whether "Adino the Eznite" is meant to refer to someone else apart from the Three (in which case it is out of place in the passage), whether it is another name for Jashobeam, or whether it is a textual corruption.

During a battle with the Philistines at Ephes Dammim, Jashobeam, along with Eleazar and Shammah, taunted the Philistines. The Israelite army retreated in fear, but the Three defeated the Philistine army themselves in a barley field.[6][7]

While David was encamped in the Cave of Adullam on a campaign against the Philistines, who were garrisoned in Bethlehem, Jashobeam, as part of the Three, broke the Philistine lines to reach a well near Bethlehem's gate to get David a drink. However, David poured the water out as a drink offering to Yahweh, saying, "Is it not the blood of men who went at the risk of their lives?"[8][9]

See also


  1. ^ a b c 2 Sam. 23:8
  2. ^ a b c d 1 Chron. 11:11
  3. ^ a b 1 Chron. 27:2
  4. ^ 1 Chron. 12:6
  5. ^ 1 Chron. 27:3
  6. ^ 2 Sam. 23:9
  7. ^ 1 Chron. 11:13–14
  8. ^ 2 Sam. 23:13–17
  9. ^ 1 Chron. 11:15–19

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  • Jashobeam —    Dweller among the people; or to whom the people turn, the Hachmonite (1 Chr. 11:11), one of David s chief heroes who joined him at Ziklag (12:6). He was the first of the three who broke through the host of the Philistines to fetch water to… …   Easton's Bible Dictionary

  • King David's Warriors — are a group of biblical characters explicitly singled out by an appendix of the Books of Samuel. The text (2 Samuel 23:8 39) divides them into The Three, of which there are 3, and The Thirty, of which there is somewhere between 30 and 37. The… …   Wikipedia

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  • List of Biblical names — This is a list of names from the Bible, mainly taken from the 19th century public domain resource: : Hitchcock s New and Complete Analysis of the Holy Bible by Roswell D. Hitchcock, New York: A. J. Johnson, 1874, c1869.Each name is given with its …   Wikipedia

  • Liste biblischer Personen/J — Diese Liste biblischer Personen führt Eigennamen von Personen auf, die in der Bibel vorkommen. Sie ist nach dem Alphabet auf mehrere Seiten aufgeteilt. Jene Bibelstellen sind angegeben, wo die Person zuerst genannt wird. Namen von Orten, Bergen,… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Adino —    The Eznite, one of David s mighty men (2 Sam. 23:8). (See Jashobeam.) …   Easton's Bible Dictionary

  • Chief of the three —    A title given to Adino the Eznite, one of David s greatest heroes (2 Sam. 23:8); also called Jashobeam (1 Chr. 11:11) …   Easton's Bible Dictionary

  • Tachmonite —    =Hach monite, a name given to Jashobeam (2 Sam. 23:8; comp. 1 Chr. 11:11) …   Easton's Bible Dictionary

  • Zabdiel —    Gift of God.    1) The father of Jashobeam, who was one of David s officers (1 Chr. 27:2).    2) An overseer of the priests after the Captivity (Neh. 11:14) …   Easton's Bible Dictionary

  • 1 Chronicles 11 — 1 Then all Israel gathered themselves to David unto Hebron, saying, Behold, we are thy bone and thy flesh. 2 And moreover in time past, even when Saul was king, thou wast he that leddest out and broughtest in Israel: and the LORD thy God said… …   The King James version of the Bible

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