Decoration of Honour for Services to the Republic of Austria

Decoration of Honour for Services to the Republic of Austria
Decoration of Honour for Services to the Republic of Austria
Großstern-Ehrenzeichen-Rep-AUT-combined.jpg
Grand Star of the Decoration
Awarded by  Austria
Type 15 Class State decoration
Awarded for Meritorious services to Austria
Statistics
Established 2 April 1952
Precedence
Next (higher) None
Next (lower) Austrian Decoration for Science and Art

The Decoration of Honour for Services to the Republic of Austria (German: Ehrenzeichen für Verdienste um die Republik Österreich) is a state decoration of the Republic of Austria. It includes 15 classes and forms part of the national honours system of that country.

Contents

History

The "Decoration of Honour for Services to the Republic of Austria" was established by the National Council in 1952.[1] It is conferred by the Republic of Austria to honour people (from Austria and abroad) who have rendered meritorious services to the country. Recipients are selected by the government, the awards are made by the President in accordance with the respective laws.[1] The President of Austria automatically receives the "Grand Star of the Decoration for Services to the Republic of Austria" by being elected to the office and holds this honour for life. The decoration should not be confused with other decorations in the Austrian honours system such as the "Austrian Decoration for Science and Art".

Classes

The Decoration of Honour for Services to the Republic of Austria is divided into the following 15 classes:

  1. AUT Honour for Services to the Republic of Austria - 1st Class BAR.pngGrand Star (Groß-Stern).[2]
  2. AUT Honour for Services to the Republic of Austria - 2nd Class BAR.pngGrand Decoration of Honour in Gold with Sash (Großes Goldenes Ehrenzeichen am Bande).[2]
  3. AUT Honour for Services to the Republic of Austria - 3rd Class BAR.pngGrand Decoration of Honour in Silver with Sash (Großes Silbernes Ehrenzeichen am Bande).[2]
  4. AUT Honour for Services to the Republic of Austria - 4th Class BAR.pngGrand Decoration of Honour in Gold with Star (Großes Goldenes Ehrenzeichen mit Stern).[2]
  5. AUT Honour for Services to the Republic of Austria - 5th Class BAR.pngGrand Decoration of Honour in Silver with Star (Großes Silbernes Ehrenzeichen mit Stern).[2]
  6. AUT Honour for Services to the Republic of Austria - 6th Class BAR.pngGrand Decoration of Honour in Gold (Grosses Goldenes Ehrenzeichen).[2]
  7. AUT Honour for Services to the Republic of Austria - 7th Class BAR.pngGrand Decoration of Honour in Silver (Grosses Silbernes Ehrenzeichen).[2]
  8. AUT Honour for Services to the Republic of Austria - 8th Class BAR.pngGrand Decoration of Honour (Großes Ehrenzeichen).[2]
  9. AUT Honour for Services to the Republic of Austria - 9th Class BAR.pngDecoration of Honour in Gold (Goldenes Ehrenzeichen).[3]
  10. AUT Honour for Services to the Republic of Austria - 10th Class BAR.pngDecoration of Honour in Silver (Silbernes Ehrenzeichen).[3]
  11. AUT Honour for Services to the Republic of Austria - 11th Class BAR.pngDecoration of Merit in Gold (Goldenes Verdienstzeichen).[3]
  12. AUT Honour for Services to the Republic of Austria - 12th Class BAR.pngDecoration of Merit in Silver (Silbernes Verdienstzeichen).[3]
  13. AUT Honour for Services to the Republic of Austria - Gold Medal BAR.pngGold Medal (Goldene Medaille).[3]
  14. AUT Honour for Services to the Republic of Austria - Silver Medal BAR.pngSilver Medal (Silberne Medaille).[3]
  15. AUT Honour for Services to the Republic of Austria - Bronze Medal BAR.pngBronze Medal (Bronzene Medaille), which is no longer awarded.[3]

The "Gold Medal for Services to the Republic of Austria" may also be conferred as "Gold Medal with Red Riband" when awarded for bravery during an act of lifesaving.[3]

Classes of the decoration
The five top classes, all worn with star.
The five top classes, all worn with star. 
The seven lower classes of the decoration.
The seven lower classes of the decoration. 
The three medals in Gold, Silver and Bronze.
The three medals in Gold, Silver and Bronze. 

Notable recipients

Below a list with names of all Grand Star recipients and other notable recipients, in chronologic order and with between brackets the year that they received the honour:

Grand Star recipients

Other select recipients

Notes

  1. ^ a b Hofburg: Decoration for Services to the Republic of Austria
  2. ^ a b c d e f g h Hofburg: Decoration (English); Ehrenzeichen (German).
  3. ^ a b c d e f g h Hofburg: Ehrenzeichen (German).
  4. ^ Badurina, Berislav; Saračević, Sead; Grobenski, Valent; Eterović, Ivo; Tudor, Mladen (1980). Bilo je časno živjeti s Titom. Vjesnik. p. 102. 
  5. ^ Volkov, Solomon. (2004). Testimony, p. 280.
  6. ^ Felder, Deborah G. (2005). Fifty Jewish Women Who Changed the World, p. 129.
  7. ^ Toyota: Toyoda bio
  8. ^ Austrian Information, May/June 2004
  9. ^ "Obituary: Jeanette Schmid". The Telegraph. 17 March 2005. http://www.telegraph.co.uk/news/obituaries/1485787/Jeanette-Schmid.html. 
  10. ^ Covington & Burling: Eizenstat bio
  11. ^ Council of Europe: Schwimmer bio

References

External links


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