- King Pharmaceuticals
Infobox_Company | company_name = King Pharmaceuticals| company_
company_type = Public (nyse|KG)
foundation = 1994
Bristol, Tennessee, USA
key_people = Brian Markison, CEO Joseph Squicciarino, CFO Eric J. Bruce, CTO
num_employees = 2,050
Pharmaceutical company, health care
revenue = $2.1 billion USD (2007)
operating_income = $228 million USD (2007)
net_income = $183 million USD (2007)
homepage = [http://www.kingpharm.com/ www.kingpharm.com]
King Pharmaceuticals (NYSE|KG), the world's 39th largest
pharmaceutical company, is based in Bristol, Tennessee. [ [http://www.kingpharm.com/default_king.htm Untitled Document ] ] [http://www.kingpharm.com/fast_facts.asp] [ [http://pharmexec.findpharma.com/pharmexec/data/articlestandard//pharmexec/512007/480240/article.pdf Pharmaceutical Executive - 2006 Top 50 Pharmaceutical Companies] ] King produces a wide range of pharmaceuticals, including Altace for heart attack prevention, Levoxyl for hypothyroidism, Sonata, a sleeping aid, and Skelaxin, a muscle relaxant, as well as Glumetza manufactured by Depomed, for diabetes. King Pharmaceuticals currently operates manufacturing facilities in Bristol, Tennessee, Rochester, Michigan, St. Louis, Missouri, St. Petersburg, Florida, and Middleton, Wisconsin, and they employ approximately 2700 people including a sales force of over 1000 individuals.
King's wholly owned subsidiaries are
Monarch Pharmaceuticals, Inc., King Pharmaceutical Research and Development, Inc., Meridian Medical Technologies Inc., Parkdale Pharmaceuticals, Inc., King Pharmaceuticals of Nevada, Inc., and Monarch Pharmaceuticals Ireland Limited.
King Pharmaceuticals was founded in 1993 by John M. Gregory. [ [http://www.fundinguniverse.com/company-histories/King-Pharmaceuticals-Inc-Company-History.html King Pharmaceuticals, Inc. - Company History ] ] In January 1994, King acquired a former
Beechamplant in Bristol, TN. The convert|500000|sqft|m2|sing=on facility was purchased for $1.18 million from RSR Pharmaceutical, who had been using it after Beecham merged with SmithKline. King initially began only manufacturing drugs for other pharmaceutical companies, but soon established its long standing strategy of acquiring branded prescription drugs, which have a much higher gross margin than contract manufactured drugs. From 1994 to 1998, King obtained about twenty smaller branded drugs and then went public in June 1998.
In late 1998, King Pharmaceuticals purchased it’s most successful drug, Altace, for $362.5 million. As a result of increasing the number of sales reps and the findings of the Heart Outcomes Prevention Evaluation ( [http://www.chd-taskforce.com/pdf/sk_hope.pdf HOPE] ), Altace sales sky rocketed. Using profits from Altace, King continued to add product lines. The most significant purchases being
Levoxyl, Thrombin, and Cytomelin 2000. The company, seeing fewer opportunities to obtain branded drugs, acquired an R&D company based to in North Carolina also in 2000. In 2002, King purchased a maker of auto-injectors, Meridian Medical Technologies.
In 2002, John Gregory stepped down as CEO, and his brother Jefferson Gregory took over. Then in 2004, Jeff stepped down as well after the SEC began investigations into King’s Medicaid billing practices. [ [http://www.thestreet.com/_tsclsii/stocks/robertsteyer/10144369.html TheStreet.com : King Pharmaceuticals CEO to Step Down | Robert Steyer | KG ] ] The board named Brian Markison to replace Jeff Gregory. Soon after in July 2004, a deal was made for
Mylan Laboratoriesto acquire King for $4 billion. [ [http://online.wsj.com/article/SB109079748272873376.html?mod=googlewsj Free Preview - WSJ.com ] ] Investors, most notability Carl Icahn, were very critical of the merger saying that Mylan was overpaying for King. The next year the deal was called off.
* [http://kingpharm.com/kingpharm/default_post.asp King Pharmaceuticals, Inc.]
* [http://www.fundinguniverse.com/company-histories/King-Pharmaceuticals-Inc-Company-History.html "FundingUniverse.com - King Pharmaceuticals, Inc. - Company History (see Altace and Hoechst)"]
* [http://kingpharm.com/kingpharm/Products/product_details.asp?id_product=6 "Altace Product Information." King Pharmaceuticals, Inc.]
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