List of trees native to New Zealand

List of trees native to New Zealand

New Zealand's long geological isolation means that most of its flora is unique. There are a wide variety of native trees, adapted to all the various micro-climates in New Zealand. The native bush (forest) ranges from the subtropical Kauri forests of the northern North Island, temperate rainforests of the West Coast, the alpine forests of the Southern Alps and Fiordland to the coastal forests of the Abel Tasman National Park and the Catlins.

Cordyline australis, Cabbage trees, growing in a regional park in Auckland.

In the early period of British colonisation, many New Zealand trees were known by names derived from the names of unrelated European trees, but more recently the trend has been to adopt the native Māori language names into English. For a listing in order of Māori name, with species names for most, see the Flora of New Zealand list of vernacular names.

The New Zealand Plant Conservation Network has published a list of New Zealand indigenous vascular plants including all 574 native trees and shrubs.[1] This list also identifies which trees are endemic to New Zealand and which are threatened with extinction.



Pteridophyta (ferns)

  • Cyatheaceae & Dicksoniaceae (tree fern families)
    • Ponga or Silver Fern, Cyathea dealbata
    • Mamaku Cyathea medullaris
    • Tuakura Dicksonia lanata
    • Kuripaka or Wheki-ponga Dicksonia fibrosa
    • New Zealand Tree Fern or Wheki, Dicksonia squarrosa


Pinophyta (conifers)

  • Araucariaceae (kauri family)
    • Kauri Agathis australis
  • Podocarpaceae (yellow-wood family)
    • Kahikatea Dacrycarpus dacrydioides (formerly Podocarpus)
    • Manoao Lagarostrobos colensoi (syn. Manoao colensoi)
    • Matai Prumnopitys taxifolia
    • Miro Prumnopitys ferruginea
    • Mountain Toatoa Phyllocladus alpinus
    • Rimu Dacrydium cupressinum
    • Tanekaha Phyllocladus trichomanoides
    • Totara Podocarpus totara
    • Toatoa Phyllocladus toatoa
  • Cupressaceae (cypress family)
    • Kawaka Libocedrus plumosa
    • Pahautea Libocedrus bidwillii

Magnoliophyta (flowering plants)

A Pōhutukawa tree or possibly a macrocapra, on Waiheke Island.

External links


  1. ^ NZPCN (2006). New Zealand indigenous vascular plant checklist. ISBN 0-473-11306-6. Written by Peter de Lange, John W.D. Sawyer and J.R. Rolfe.

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