- Bush (band)
Infobox musical artist
Name = Bush
Background = group_or_band
Alias = Bushx, Future Primitive
Alternative rock Post-grunge
Years_active = 1992–2002
Label = Kirtland, SPV, Atlantic, Trauma, Interscope
Associated_acts = Institute
Spear of Destiny
Gavin Rossdale Nigel Pulsford
Robin Goodridge Chris Traynor
Bush were a British
post-grungeband, formed in Londonin 1992. Their debut album was the self-released " Sixteen Stone" in 1994. They have sold well over 10 million records in the United States. The band, while hugely successful in the United States, was less well known in their native UK and enjoyed only marginal success there. [ [http://entertainment.uk.msn.com/music/news/article.aspx?cp-documentid=8462760 Albums of the week] , at Entertainment.uk]
The group chose the name "Bush" because they used to live in
Shepherd's Bush, London. In Canada, they were once known as Bushx, because the 1970s band Bush, led by Domenic Troiano, owned the Canadian rights to the name. In April 1997, it was announced that Troiano had agreed to let them use the name Bush in Canada without the exponent "x", in exchange for donating $20,000 each to the Starlight Children's Foundationand the Canadian Music Therapy Trust Fund.
In 1992, British guitarist
Nigel Pulsfordhad left his band, King Blank, after they recorded two albums without much success; he met Gavin Rossdale, who had achieved little success with his previous, short-lived band, Midnight. The two formed a new band, then called Future Primitive, and recruited bassist Dave Parsons (formerly of the punk rockband The Partisansand the somewhat successful pop band Transvision Vamp) and drummer Robin Goodridgeto complete the lineup. They soon changed their name to Bush. The United States was at the height of the grungemovement, but Britain had yet to produce a popular grunge band. Bush was on the verge of becoming that band.
Breakthrough success with "Sixteen Stone": 1994-1995
Bush's debut album, "
Sixteen Stone", featured several singles. Initial singles " Everything Zen," and "Little Things" did not sell well at first. However, with their third single, "Comedown" the band quickly saw great success in the United States. The song reached number one for two weeks Modern Rock Tracksas well as the U.S. top 40. The following single "Glycerine" was probably one of their most well known songs. Despite it's elusive lyrics, the song is truely about heroine abuse using such verses as "and when we rise its like strawberry fields" among others to refer to the use of the drug. It received much airplay and sold many singles in America. The band followed with "Machinehead" which reached the top 5 of the Modern Rock Tracks chart and narrowly missed the top 40. As a result of the success of "Comedown," "Glycerine," and "Machinehead," the first two singles from the album began to see airplay and reached the top 40, bringing the album's total to four top 40 hits. With the many hits from "Sixteen Stone" including regular airplay on radio and MTV along with a performance on Saturday Night Livethe album went platinum multiple times, having now sold six million copies in America, poising Bush's follow-up for massive commercial popularity.
"Razorblade Suitcase": 1996-1998
In late 1996 Bush released the first single "Swallowed" from their second album entitled "
Razorblade Suitcase," The song spent seven weeks on top of the Modern Rock Trackschart. The album hit number 1 in America and placed high in many European countries. Although a success, at two hit singles compared to four the album did not sell as well as "Sixteen Stone".
"Razorblade Suitcase" featured
Steve Albinias the audio engineer, a move which was heavily criticized by critics. Only 3 years before Albini had worked with Nirvana on their final studio album, " In Utero". Many claimed they were trying too hard to sound like the grunge pack.
Following the success of "Swallowed," the album had one more hit, "
Greedy Fly," but then failed to produce any more sizeable hits.
Possibly to boost the sales of "
Razorblade Suitcase" or move into new ground, Bush released the remix album "Deconstructed". The album saw Bush re-arranging their songs into dance and techno stylings. The album was a moderate success going platinum less than a year after release.
A new direction with "The Science of Things": 1999-2000
Released in 1999, the band's third album was a major departure in several forms from Bush's first two albums. Unlike the multi-platinum successes of Bush's first two albums, "
The Science of Things" barely limped to platinum. Also, while the band's previous albums were strongly influenced by grunge, "The Science of Things" featured heavy electronic musicinfluences that distinguished the work from Bush's earlier sound. For example, although lead single " The Chemicals Between Us" had a prominent guitar riff, it also had many electronic elements usually found in dance music. Although the album had a few hit songs, the album failed to chart within the top 10. The band's performance at Woodstock '99, however, helped the album achieve platinum status despite its slow start.
Three singles were released from "The Science of Things", most notably "
The Chemicals Between Us", which spent five weeks at #1 on the Modern Rock Tracksand peaked at #67 on the U.S. Hot 100. "Letting the Cables Sleep," the third single, reached #4 on the Modern Rock Tracks and also received considerable airplay.
Also in 1999, lead guitarist
Nigel Pulsfordreleased a solo album, "Heavenly Toast on Paradise Road", which featured jazz elements that harkened back to his days with King Blank more than his work with Bush.
"Golden State" and breakup: 2001-2002
Bush released its final album, "Golden State", in 2001. While the album attempted to return to the simple, catchy sound of the band's debut, it failed to achieve commercial success due to a lack of support from the band's new record label,
Atlantic Records. Several singles were released, most notably the minor hit "The People That We Love", but none were mainstream successes. The album was the band's least successful, selling only 380,000 copies in the US.
"The People That We Love" was originally titled "Speed Kills." However, due to the September 11th terrorist attacks in New York, the band, intending for the song to be the first single from the album, changed the name of the song.
Pulsford left the band after the release of "Golden State" to spend more time with his family.
Chris Traynortook over on lead guitar for the subsequent tour, which would turn out to be Bush's last.
Due to declining record sales and a lack of support from Atlantic Records, Bush disbanded in 2002. In 2005, the band released a greatest hits album called "", and, a few months later, a live album called "
Zen X Four".
Gavin Rossdale formed a new band, Institute, in 2004, serving as their lead vocalist and guitarist, just as in Bush. Chris Traynor also joined the band, as lead guitarist. (In addition to playing in Institute, Traynor also joined the reunited metal band Helmet in 2004 on bass; he quit the band in 2006.) Institute released one album, "
Distort Yourself", but failed to achieve much commercial success in spite of opening for U2's Vertigo Tourat some shows. Institute broke up in 2006 and Rossdale then embarked on a solo career. In 2007, he covered the John Lennonsong "Mind Games" for the Lennon tribute album "". His first solo album, "Wanderlust", supported by leading single "Love Remains the Same," was released in June 2008. "Wanderlust" was originally intended to be the next Bush album but after originally agreeing to take part in the Bush reunion, guitarist Nigel Pulsford opted out as he doesn't care to tour anymore.
Rossdale has also ventured into the world of acting, appearing in the films "
Zoolander", " Little Black Book", " The Game of Their Lives", "Constantine", "How To Rob a Bank" and others.
Robin Goodridge recorded with the British rock band
Elyssin 2004, although they have not released any new material since. In 2006, Goodridge began drumming for indie rockband Spear of Destiny, and appeared on their 2007 album, "Imperial Prototype". During the summer of 2008, he toured the UK with British rock band Stone Godsand on 6th October 2008, the band's website announced that he had joined the band full time.
Nigel Pulsford has spent most of his time since leaving Bush raising his children with his wife. He is currently producing
Emma Holland's long-awaited sophomore effort. In 2004, he and bassist Dave Parsons reunited to appear in a car commercial together.
Gavin Rossdale– lead vocals, guitar
Nigel Pulsford– lead guitar, string arrangements, background vocals (1992-2002)
Chris Traynor– lead guitar (2002)
* Dave Parsons – bass
Robin Goodridge– drums, percussion
* Sacha Puttnam – keyboards, background vocals
* [http://www.kirtlandrecords.com/eCard/Bush/Bush2.htm Kirtland Records' "Zen X Four" website and eCard]
* [http://www.onesecondbush.com/ 'OneSecondBush' fansite]
* [http://www.allmusic.com/cg/amg.dll?p=amg&sql=B39klu3egan1k All Music Guide entry]
* [http://www.mtv.com/music/artist/bush/artist.jhtml#bio MTV biography]
* [http://www.thrashhits.com/2008/07/gavin-rossdale-life-after-bush/ July 2008 Rossdale interview] , on ThrashHits
* [http://www.ilikemusic.com/home/Gavin_Rossdale_interview_2008-5058 2008 Rossdalde interview] , on ILikeMusic
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