Côte d'Ivoire–Soviet Union relations

Côte d'Ivoire–Soviet Union relations
Côte d'Ivoire-Soviet Union relations
Map indicating locations of Côte d'Ivoire and Soviet Union

Côte d'Ivoire

Soviet Union

Côte d'Ivoire–Soviet relations were the bilateral relations between Côte d'Ivoire and Soviet Union. Overall, the Ivorian-Soviet relations were sporadic and frosty as the Ivorian president Félix Houphouët-Boigny mistrusted the Soviet Union and had a negative view of the Soviet role in Africa.[1]



The Soviet Union had declared its recognition of the independence of Côte d'Ivoire and offered the new state diplomatic relations in a telegram issued on August 6, 1960 (one day before independence of Côte d'Ivoire was declared).[2] The Soviet Union had begun to import cocoa beans from Côte d'Ivoire in 1959, but this trade was discontinued in 1961.[3]

However, in the early phase of Ivorian independence Soviet analysts classified the Ivorian government as 'reactionary'.[4] By the mid 1960s, there was a shift in Soviet attitudes towards Côte d'Ivoire. The new Soviet ambition to seek development of contacts with Côte d'Ivoire could be seen as part of a wider strategy, directed towards enhancing contacts to regionally important moderate states in the Third World (another example in West Africa was Nigeria).[5]

Another factor that hampered the development of Ivorian-Soviet links was the fact that Soviet Union had close links with Guinea, ruled by Houphouët-Boigny's adversary Ahmed Sékou Touré. Guinea was accused of fomenting opposition inside Côte d'Ivoire, and there were suspicions that the Soviet Union had given its support to these activities. The Soviet-Guinean cooperation was however broken off.[6] A mutual agreement to establish diplomatic relations between Côte d'Ivoire and the Soviet Union was announced on January 23, 1967.[2] In November the same year the first Soviet ambassador to Côte d'Ivoire, Sergey Petrov, was appointed.[7]

On May 30, 1969, Côte d'Ivoire declared that it severed the relations with the Soviet Union, as allegations were directed that Petrov had given direct support to a 1968 protest at the National University of Côte d'Ivoire.[1][2][8]


The two state did not restore ties until February 1986. The reassumption of bilateral relations could be attributed to two factors. On one hand Houphouët-Boigny had begun to embraced a more active foreign policy, including a more pragmatic attitude towards the Soviet Union. Furthermore, at the time Houphouët-Boigny was active in seeking increased international recognition.[1] The Soviet Union sent Boris Minakov as its ambassador to Côte d'Ivoire. He served as ambassador until 1990.[7]


  1. ^ a b c Soviet Union and China
  2. ^ a b c Ginsburgs, George, and Robert M. Slusser. A Calendar of Soviet Treaties, 1958–1973. Alphen aan den Rijn, Netherlands: Sijthoff & Noordhoff, 1981. p. 836
  3. ^ Brzezinski, Zbigniew. Africa and the Communist World. Stanford, Calif: Published for the Hoover Institution on War, Revolution, and Peace by Stanford University Press, 1963. p. 73
  4. ^ Brzezinski, Zbigniew. Africa and the Communist World. Stanford, Calif: Published for the Hoover Institution on War, Revolution, and Peace by Stanford University Press, 1963. p. 14
  5. ^ Katz, Mark N. The USSR and Marxist Revolutions in the Third World. Woodrow Wilson Center series. [Washington, D.C.]: Woodrow Wilson International Center for Scholars, 1990. p. 33
  6. ^ Meyer, Frank S. The African Nettle: Dilemmas of an Emerging Continent. Freeport, N.Y.: Books for Libraries Press, 1970. p. 36
  7. ^ a b http://whp057.narod.ru/rossi-m8.htm
  8. ^ New York Times. Soviet Ties With Ivory Coast

See also

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