Jack Ma

Jack Ma
Jack Ma, 2008

Jack Ma (simplified Chinese: 马云; traditional Chinese: 馬雲; pinyin: Mǎ Yún; born September 10, 1964)[1] is founder, chairman and chief executive officer of Alibaba Group and chairman of Alibaba.com, the Hong Kong-listed unit of Alibaba Group.


Early life

Ma was born in the city of Hangzhou, Zhejiang Province, China. Ma attended Hangzhou Teachers College and graduated in 1988 with a bachelor's degree in English. Ma initially failed the entrance exam twice. While at the school, Ma was elected student chairman.[2] He later became a lecturer in English and International Trade at the Hangzhou Dianzi University. Ma first started building websites for Chinese companies with the help of friends in the US. Ma has commented that "The day we got connected to the Web, I invited friends and TV people over to my house," and on a very slow dial-up connection, "we waited three and a half hours and got half a page.... We drank, watched TV and played cards, waiting. But I was so proud. I proved (to my house guests that) the Internet existed"[original research?]


In 1995, Ma founded China Pages, widely believed to be China’s first Internet-based company. From 1998 to 1999, Ma headed an information technology company established by the China International Electronic Commerce Center, a department of Ministry of Foreign Trade and Economic Cooperation. He founded Alibaba.com in 1999, a China-based business-to-business marketplace site which serves more than 65 million members from more than 240 countries and territories. Ma now serves as chairman and CEO of Alibaba Group, which is a holding company with six major subsidiaries – Alibaba.com, Taobao Marketplace, Taobao Mall, eTao, Alibaba Cloud Computing and China Yahoo!.


In 2001, Ma was selected by the World Economic Forum as a “Young Global Leader”. In 2004, he was chosen by China Central Television and its viewers as one of the “Top 10 Business Leaders of the Year”.

In 2005, Ma was named one of the “25 Most Powerful Businesspeople in Asia” by Fortune. He was selected by Businessweek as a “Businessperson of the Year”[3] in 2007 [3] and one of the 30 “World’s Best CEOs” by Barron’s in 2008.[4]

In May 2009, Ma was honored by Time magazine with inclusion into the Time 100 list of the world’s 100 most influential people. In reporting Mr. Ma’s accomplishments, Adi Ignatius, former Time senior editor and editor-in-chief of the Harvard Business Review, said, “Meeting Jack Ma, you might be forgiven for thinking he's still an English teacher. The Chinese Internet entrepreneur is soft-spoken and elflike — and he speaks really good English. But as founder and CEO of Alibaba.com, Ma, 44, runs one of the world's biggest B2B online marketplaces, an eBay for companies doing international trade. Alibaba and Ma's consumer-auction website, Taobao.com, did so well that in 2006, eBay shut down its own site in China.”[5] He was also chosen as one of "China's Most Powerful People" by BusinessWeek,[6] and one of the “Top 10 Most Respected Entrepreneurs in China” by Forbes China in 2009. Ma received the “2009 CCTV Economic Person of the Year: Business Leaders of the Decade Award”.

In 2010, Ma was selected by Forbes Asia as one of “Asia’s Heroes of Philanthropy” for his contribution to disaster relief and poverty.[7]

In 2011 it was announced that one of his companies had gained control of Alipay, formerly a subsidiary of Alibaba Group, so as to “comply with Chinese law governing payment companies in order to secure a license to continue operating Alipay.[8] Numerous analysts reported that Ma sold Alipay to himself below market value without notifying the board of Alibaba or the other major owners Yahoo and Softbank.

Among Ma’s accomplishments:

  • He was the first major world business leader to predict the economic downturn in a memo to staff in July 2008, which was subsequently made public
  • He along with Alibaba.com’s management team proactively took decisive actions to steer his company through a crash in China exports such as reducing prices for export supplier customers; acting as a middleman to connect small and medium sized companies with lenders
  • He led the creation of employment opportunities worldwide on the Alibaba.com and Taobao platforms, as well as forged ahead in 2009 with the hiring of 5,000 new employees globally
  • He has built a reputation for having world-class vision in terms of how Alibaba Group businesses are operated, including an adherence to a vision, values and mission-based culture as well as the requirement that each of Alibaba Group’s business units must incorporate corporate social responsibility into their business models.

Ma is a board member of Japan’s SoftBank and China’s Huayi Brothers Media Corporation. He became a trustee of The Nature Conservancy’s China program in 2009 and joined its global board of directors in April 2010.[9] Ma is the first Chinese citizen to serve on The Nature Conservancy’s board.


On November 6, 2007, at a press conference at the Ritz-Carlton Hotel in Hong Kong, called to discuss the highly successful Hong Kong Stock Exchange IPO, when asked whether Alibaba.com was an ethical trading company, Ma responded by announcing to the assembled journalists - and reiterating when queried - that he and his family have "sworn off Shark Fin Soup now and forever" (echoing elite basketballer Yao Ming's famous declaration, which angered Guangzhou's fin traders), which he said was a result of finding out what the problems are. In January 2009, Alibaba Group revised its listing policy and banned the sale of shark fin products on all of its e-commerce platforms.

At the Alibaba.com Annual Shareholders Meeting in May 2009, Ma, who is chairman and non-executive director of the publicly traded arm of the group, encouraged those in attendance, including shareholders, customers and students from two Hong Kong universities, to take matters into their own hands and take action in the form of starting businesses to cope with the economic downturn rather than waiting for government or business to help them. He reminded everyone that the great fortunes of the world were made by people who saw opportunities that others didn't, and he noted that the aftermath of the recent global recession would be no different in terms of exposing new ways of doing business.

At the annual general meeting of shareholders for Alibaba.com in May 2010, Ma announced Alibaba Group will begin in 2010 to earmark 0.3 percent of annual revenue to environmental protection, particularly on water and air quality improvement projects.



  • Shiying, Liu; Avery, Martha (2009). alibaba: The Inside Story Behind Jack Ma and the Creation of the World's Biggest Online Marketplace. HarperCollins. ISBN 006167219X. 

External links

Jack at CGI Annual Meeting

Jack at APEC SME Summit in Peru

Jack at Asia Society

Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Игры ⚽ Нужна курсовая?

Look at other dictionaries:

  • jack — jack …   Dictionnaire des rimes

  • Jack — (j[a^]k), n. [F. Jacques James, L. Jacobus, Gr. ?, Heb. Ya aq[=o]b Jacob; prop., seizing by the heel; hence, a supplanter. Cf. {Jacobite}, {Jockey}.] [1913 Webster] 1. A familiar nickname of, or substitute for, John. [1913 Webster] You are John… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Jack — Artículos en Wikipedia Todas las páginas que comienzan por «Jack» Jack (en castellano: Juan / Santiago) puede referirse a: Contenido 1 Nombre …   Wikipedia Español

  • Jack FM — is the moniker and on air brand of 49 radio stations in Canada, the United States and the United Kingdom. Jack stations play a mix of 1960s, 1970s, 1980s, and 1990s hits with some current hot adult contemporary singles. Jack stations use the… …   Wikipedia

  • JACK — Audio Connection Kit Entwickler: Paul Davis Aktuelle Version: 0.115.6 (28. November 2008) …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Jack — [dʒæk] ist ein Vorname und Familienname. Inhaltsverzeichnis 1 Herkunft und Bedeutung 2 Bekannte Namensträger 2.1 Vorname 2.2 Familien …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • jack — [ (d)ʒak ] n. m. • 1870; mot angl. ♦ Anglic. 1 ♦ Techn. Pièce commandant les aiguilles dans une machine de bonneterie. 2 ♦ (1880 jack knife [ dʒaknajf ] ) Commutateur de standard téléphonique manuel. Fiche mâle, à deux conducteurs coaxiaux. ⊗ HOM …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Jack'Da — Jack Daniel s Jack Daniel s Distillerie …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Jack's — (corporate headquarters: Homewood, Alabama), originally known as Jack s Hamburgers, is a fast food restaurant chain with locations in several southeastern states. It was founded in 1960 by Jack Caddell as a single walk up stand at in Homewood,… …   Wikipedia

  • Jack PC — (от англ. jack  разъём + PC  персональный компьютер)  компьютерное устройство, тонкий клиент, имеющий размеры настенной сетевой розетки. Разработан израильской компанией Chip PC Technologies. Монитор, клавиатура и компьютерная …   Википедия

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”