Infobox German Location
Art = Stadt
Name = Leer
Wappen = Leer-Wappen.jpg
lat_deg = 53 |lat_min = 13 |lat_sec = 51
lon_deg = 7 |lon_min = 27 |lon_sec = 10
Lageplan = Landkreis-leerleer.png
Bundesland = Niedersachsen
Landkreis = Leer
Höhe = 3
Fläche = 70.30
Einwohner = 34128
Stand = 2006-12-31
PLZ = 26789
Vorwahl = 0491
Kfz = LER
Gemeindeschlüssel = 03 4 57 013
Gliederung = 9 districts
Adresse = Rathausstraße 1
Website = [http://www.leer.de/ www.leer.de]
Bürgermeister = Wolfgang Kellner
Partei = Independent
Leer is a town in the district of Leer, the northwestern part of
Lower Saxony, Germany. It is situated at the river Ems, on the border with the Netherlands.
It has a
railwayand autobahnconnection to Groningen, Netherlands, Emden, Bremenand the South ( Rheineand the Ruhrpottindustrial region).
Leer had been a settlement long before it was first mentioned in written documents. Originally the city was situated at a
meandernear the mouth of the river Ledainto the Ems, which is still the center of the town today. Even though Leer is some 30 km (19 miles) away from the coast, it can be reached by large ships via the Ems. Leer lies close to the Dutch border, the district of Leer shares a border with the Dutch provinceof Groningen.
There are many traces of early settlements in the area, including crude flint tools that are dated back to the 3200 BC.
In 791 AD Saint
Ludgerbuilt the first chapel in East Frisiaat the western edge of the settlement Leer, then still named "Hleri" after " feetlot", " willow". This chapel is mentioned in a written document from 850 AD for the first time.
During the 14th and 15th centuries, Leer was home town of the
Ukenafamily which was one most influential East-Frisian chieftain families of that time. The town profited from the trade with the Hanse, and a fortress Leerort was built.
The right to have a market was obtained in 1508 by Count Edzard, which started the tradition of the "Gallimarkt" that is now an annual
fair. In 1744 East Frisiafell to Prussia, then ruled by Frederick the Great. Town privilegeswere awarded in 1823 by George IV, King of Hanover.
In 1854 Leer became connected to the "Hannoversche Westbahn" railway, which at that time connected
Emdenand Rheinein the Ruhr area. In 1856 the Westbahn was connected to the central German railway network.
Unlike Emden, Leer only suffered little damage by Allied bombing in
World War II. The city was occupied by Canadian troops on April 28, 1945.
1 October 1955Leer got the statusof an independent city.
Leer is a traditional Protestant city and home to both the
Lutheranand Reformed churches. The German Reformed Church has its head office in Leer. Furthermore Leer offers an unusually large variety of smaller religious communities, especially Baptists, Mennonites, Methodists, Adventistsand Mormons. Even though Eastern Frisia is a mainly a Protestant region, there is a small Roman Catholiccommunity in Leer.
Since 1964 the city's government has been led by the Social-Democratic Party
SPD. The major opposition parties are the Christian Democratic Union Party CDU, the Green Party and the AWG, an independent local party.
The mayor of Leer is Wolfgang Kellner.
Telecommunication tower"Leer-Nüttermoor" ( Height:160 meters)
Each year in autumn the Gallimarkt is held. Traditionally a cattle-market, the Gallimarkt is now one of the largest fairs in Northwest
Economics and infrastructure
autobahns (freeways) cross north of Leer, the A 28 (Leer - Bremen) and the A 31 (Emden - Oberhausen, Ruhr Area). The city itself has three junctions to the autobahns. Leer railway station is a relay station between Groningen and Bremenin the west-east direction and the South and Emden harbour (with a large VWfactory and shipping facilities) in the north. The airfieldLeer-Papenburg north of the city offers limited passenger flights to nearby airfields, most notably the East Frisian Islands. The closest international airport is Bremen International Airport.
Leer is home to many German shipping companies — about 20 per cent of the German
merchantfleet are registered in Leer. The Bünting group [http://www.buenting.de/] is based in Leer and is one of the city's main employers. Although Bünting owns several German supermarket chains, the company is best known for their tea, which is available all over Germany.
In Leer are seven primary
schools and numerous secondary schools. The two gymnasiums , Teletta Gross Gymnasiumand Ubbo-Emmius-Gymnasium, educate more than 1,500 pupils each and are two of the largest gymnasiums in Lower Saxony. The town also offers education at two vocational schools.
Ubbo Emmius- Theologian, historianfrom the University of Groningen
Johann Ludwig Hinrichs
Gustaaf Willem baron van Imhoff
* [http://www.stadt-leer.de Official website of the city] de icon
* [http://www.kappenberg.emsnet.de/lebendiges-leer.htm www.kappenberg.emsnet.de/lebendiges-leer.htm] de icon
* [http://www.seefahrtschule-leer.de/ www.seefahrtschule-leer.de/] de icon
* [http://www.bbs2leer.de/ www.bbs2leer.de/] de icon
* [http://www.bbs1-leer.de/ www.bbs1-leer.de/] de icon
* [http://www.fcso.de/ www.fcso.de/] de icon
* [http://www.ueg-leer.de/ www.ueg-leer.de/] de icon
* [http://www.tgg-leer.de/ www.tgg-leer.de/] de icon
* [http://www.radio-ostfriesland.de/ www.radio-ostfriesland.de/] de icon
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