- Ealing Studios
:"For the film, see
Ealing Comedy (film). For the film comedies see Ealing Comedies".Ealing Studios is a televisionand filmproduction company and facilities provider at EalingGreen in West Londonand is officially the oldest film studioin the world.
The site had been previously occupied by
Will BarkerStudios from 1896, but was acquired by theatre producer Basil Dean's newly-formed Associated Talking Pictures in 1929, and reopened as Ealing Studios in 1931. In 1933, the company was renamed Associated Talking Pictures. When Dean left in 1938, to be replaced by Michael Balconfrom MGM, about 60 films had been made at the studios. Balcon discontinued the ATP name and began to issue films under the Ealing Studios name. In 1944, the company was taken over by the Rank Organisation.
In the 1930s and 1940s, Ealing produced many comedies with stars such as George Formby and
Will Hay, who had established their reputations in other spheres of entertainment. The company was also instrumental in the use of documentary film-makers to make more realistic war films. These included " Went the Day Well?" (1942), " The Foreman Went to France" (1942) and " San Demetrio, London" (1943). In 1945, the studio made its influential chiller compendium " Dead of Night".
In the post-war period, the company embarked on a series of celebrated comedies which became the studio's hallmark. These were often lightly satirical, and were seen to reflect aspects of British character and society. The first was "Hue and Cry" in 1947, and the last "Barnacle Bill" in 1956. However, the most famous in the series were produced between 1948 and 1955. "Whisky Galore!" (1949), "
Passport to Pimlico" (1949), " Kind Hearts and Coronets" (1949), " The Lavender Hill Mob" (1951), " The Man in the White Suit" (1951), " The Titfield Thunderbolt" (1953) and " The Ladykillers" (1955) are now seen as classics of British cinema. A large number of the Ealing films were photographed by Douglas Slocombe, who went on to shoot the first three Indiana Jonesfilms for Steven Spielberg.
BBCbought the studios in 1955 and created television productions there, such as "Colditz", " The Singing Detective" and "Fortunes of War ". After the studio at Ealing had been sold to the BBC, productions bearing the Ealing name continued to be made at the MGM studio at Elstree for around two years. In 1995, the studios were purchased by the National Film and Television School(NFTS) and yet again in mid-2000 by Uri Fruchtmann, Barnaby Thompson, Harry Handelsman and John Kao, with a view to reviving the fortunes of the studio. The studio has since begun to churn out films again, " Lucky Break" (2001), "The Importance of Being Earnest" (2002), and "Valiant" (2005).
Ealing Studios films
BBC TV productions
*"Colditz" (inserts only; programme was predominantly videotaped)
Doctor Who" (ditto)
*"Fortunes of War"
Quatermass and the Pit" (inserts only; programme was otherwise live)
The Singing Detective"
An Ungentlemanly Act" (1992)
An Ideal Husband" (1999)
*"Notting Hill" (1999)
Lucky Break" (2001)
The Importance of Being Earnest" (2002)
Shaun of the Dead" (2004)
*"I Want Candy" (2007)
*"St Trinian's" (2007)
The Royle Family" (Granada)
Hat Trick Productions)
Randall and Hopkirk (Deceased)" (Ghost)
*"Emma Brody" (
20th Century Fox)
* [http://www.ealingstudios.co.uk Ealing Studios]
* [http://www.screenonline.org.uk/tours/ross/tourross.html Ealing Studios] at screenonline.org.uk
* "Forever Ealing" by George Perry, published by Pavilion, 1981, ISBN 0-907516-60-2; A history of Ealing Studios from its origins in 1902.
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