- USS Macomb (DD-458)
USS "Macomb" (DD-458/DMS-23) was a "Gleaves"-class
destroyerof the United States Navy, named for Commodore William H. Macomb(1819–1872) and Rear Admiral David B. Macomb(1811–1927).
"Macomb" was laid down
3 September 1940by the Bath Iron WorksCorp., Bath, Maine; launched 23 September 1941; cosponsored by Mrs. Ryland W. Greene and her sister, Mrs. Edward H. Chew, granddaughters of Commodore William H. Macomb, and commissioned 26 January 1942, Lieutenant Commander W. K. Duvall in command.
World War II
Following shakedown, she operated off the east coast escorting
convoys and aircraft carriers. These convoy missions took "Macomb" south to the northern coast of South America, east to the West African coast, and north to Newfoundland. Standing out of Boston on 5 July 1942, "Macomb" escorted a U.S. Army transport and an English ship to Greenock, Scotland, arriving 12 July. She operated between Scotland and Icelandmaking one round-trip voyage to New York for availability, until 25 September 1942, when she anchored at Norfolk, Va. Departing Norfolk on 11 October, she screened aircraft carrier anti-submarine patrols in the Caribbeanuntil heading for the north African coast 7 November. Arriving on the 11th, she acted as carrier screen during the landings at Casablanca and returned to Boston after the landings were secure.
After overhaul at Boston, "Macomb" again operated as convoy escort along the east coast and in the Caribbean. Following a cruise which took her close to the coast of north Africa, the destroyer commenced operating out of NS Argentia, Newfoundland, on
North Atlanticpatrol. While on this patrol her convoy and antisubmarine duties took her to Iceland and England. During this early 1943 period, German submarines were extremely active, sinking many Allied ships with their " wolf packs".
In August 1943 "Macomb" returned from a tour of duty with the
British Home Fleetand operated again off the Atlantic seaboard with only one break until mid-1944. On this one exception she made an uneventful cruise to the Azores; Freetown, Sierra Leone; Dakar, Senegal; and Bermudabefore returning to Boston in late December.
20 April 1944the destroyer got underway for the Mediterranean where she operated off the Algerian coast on antisubmarine duty. On 18 May, just before midnight, she commenced a 72-hour submarine chase that ended when "U-616" was blasted to the surface by "Macomb"'s depth charges and then sunk by her guns. In mid-August 1944 she took part in the invasion of southern France, returning to antisubmarine patrol afterward "Macomb" arrived at Charleston Navy Yard 9 Novemberfor conversion to a destroyer minesweeper.
15 November, she joined Mine Squadron 20(MineRon 20) and, after refresher training, departed for the Pacific 3 January 1945. Arriving in the western Pacific in mid-March, Mine Squadron 20 Joined Task Group 52.2 (TG 52.2) and steamed toward Okinawa. They were the first task group to enter Okinawan waters and remained until after the completion of the operations. Only one of the 11 ships in the squadron escaped kamikazehits, and one, "Emmons" (DMS-22), was sunk on 8 April. The squadron suffered some 300 casualties, including over 100 killed.
"Macomb", participating in the entire campaign, shot down many enemy planes. On
27 April, in the early predawn hours, an enemy aircraft raid was picked up by her radar. For an hour "Macomb" fired almost continuously while maneuvering at top speed; three planes were splashed. Her luck ran out on 3 Mayduring a twilight enemy raid. She downed one Japanese plane but a second came in fast and crashed into her, causing extensive damage. For this campaign, "Macomb" was awarded the Navy Unit Commendationfor having, "...by her own aggressiveness and the courage and skill of her officers and men, contributed essentially to the success of the Okinawa invasion..."
"Macomb" proceeded to
Saipanfor battle repairs following the 3 Mayengagement. Soon after the repairs were completed, the war's end was announced. "Macomb" rendezvoused with the 3d Fleet on 13 Augusten route to the Japanese home islands. On 29 August, Just ahead of the "Missouri" (BB-63) and "Iowa" (BB-61), she dropped anchor in Tokyo Bay, where she was witness to the formal surrender.
Leaving Tokyo Bay on
4 September 1945, she commenced sweeping mines in the Japanese area, off Okinawa, near the entrance to the Yellow Sea, and in the Chosen Straits.
1945 – 1954
Departing Sasebo, Japan, on
5 December 1945, "Macomb" steamed for Norfolk, Va., and Atlantic Fleet duty. In June, 1948, Charleston, S.C., become her home port, and until September 1949, "Macomb" went on patrols and took part in exercises along the eastern coasts of the United States and Canadaand in the Caribbean.
8 September 1949, "Macomb" departed Charleston for the first of three brief tours of duty with the 6th Fleet in the Mediterranean. She returned to Charleston on 13 October. Her second trip to the Mediterranean came in 1951, 20 Marchto 5 October, the third, 22 Aprilto 24 October 1953. During each cruise "Macomb" participated in the 6th Fleet exercises and operations, lending support to American diplomatic efforts at settling the unstable political situations then existent in many of the Mediterranean countries.
JDS "Hatakaze" (DD-182)
In July of 1954, "Macomb" was placed in reserve. On
19 Octobershe decommissioned and transferred to the Japanese Government, becoming JDS "Hatakaze" (DD-182) in the Japanese Maritime Self-Defense Force.
Ex-"Macomb" was returned to America in 1969. She was transferred to Taiwan
6 August 1970, to serve as RCS Hsien Yang (DD-16) for replacing anotherHsien Yang (DD-16), Ex-"Rodman".
She was decommissioned at 1972.
"Macomb" received five
battle stars for World War IIservice.
* [http://www.destroyerhistory.org/benson-gleavesclass/ussmacomb/index.html USS "Macomb" website] at [http://www.destroyerhistory.org/index.html Destroyer History Foundation]
* [http://history.navy.mil/danfs/m1/macomb.htm history.navy.mil: USS "Macomb"]
* [http://www.navsource.org/archives/05/458.htm navsource.org: USS "Macomb"]
* [http://www.hazegray.org/danfs/destroy/dd458txt.htm hazegray.org: USS "Macomb"]
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