USS Macomb (DD-458)

USS Macomb (DD-458)

USS "Macomb" (DD-458/DMS-23) was a "Gleaves"-class destroyer of the United States Navy, named for Commodore William H. Macomb (1819–1872) and Rear Admiral David B. Macomb (1811–1927).

"Macomb" was laid down 3 September 1940 by the Bath Iron Works Corp., Bath, Maine; launched 23 September 1941; cosponsored by Mrs. Ryland W. Greene and her sister, Mrs. Edward H. Chew, granddaughters of Commodore William H. Macomb, and commissioned 26 January 1942, Lieutenant Commander W. K. Duvall in command.

World War II

Atlantic service

Following shakedown, she operated off the east coast escorting convoys and aircraft carriers. These convoy missions took "Macomb" south to the northern coast of South America, east to the West African coast, and north to Newfoundland. Standing out of Boston on 5 July 1942, "Macomb" escorted a U.S. Army transport and an English ship to Greenock, Scotland, arriving 12 July. She operated between Scotland and Iceland making one round-trip voyage to New York for availability, until 25 September 1942, when she anchored at Norfolk, Va. Departing Norfolk on 11 October, she screened aircraft carrier anti-submarine patrols in the Caribbean until heading for the north African coast 7 November. Arriving on the 11th, she acted as carrier screen during the landings at Casablanca and returned to Boston after the landings were secure.

After overhaul at Boston, "Macomb" again operated as convoy escort along the east coast and in the Caribbean. Following a cruise which took her close to the coast of north Africa, the destroyer commenced operating out of NS Argentia, Newfoundland, on North Atlantic patrol. While on this patrol her convoy and antisubmarine duties took her to Iceland and England. During this early 1943 period, German submarines were extremely active, sinking many Allied ships with their "wolf packs".

In August 1943 "Macomb" returned from a tour of duty with the British Home Fleet and operated again off the Atlantic seaboard with only one break until mid-1944. On this one exception she made an uneventful cruise to the Azores; Freetown, Sierra Leone; Dakar, Senegal; and Bermuda before returning to Boston in late December.

On 20 April 1944 the destroyer got underway for the Mediterranean where she operated off the Algerian coast on antisubmarine duty. On 18 May, just before midnight, she commenced a 72-hour submarine chase that ended when "U-616" was blasted to the surface by "Macomb"'s depth charges and then sunk by her guns. In mid-August 1944 she took part in the invasion of southern France, returning to antisubmarine patrol afterward "Macomb" arrived at Charleston Navy Yard 9 November for conversion to a destroyer minesweeper.

Pacific service

Redesignated DMS-23, 15 November, she joined Mine Squadron 20 (MineRon 20) and, after refresher training, departed for the Pacific 3 January 1945. Arriving in the western Pacific in mid-March, Mine Squadron 20 Joined Task Group 52.2 (TG 52.2) and steamed toward Okinawa. They were the first task group to enter Okinawan waters and remained until after the completion of the operations. Only one of the 11 ships in the squadron escaped kamikaze hits, and one, "Emmons" (DMS-22), was sunk on 8 April. The squadron suffered some 300 casualties, including over 100 killed.

"Macomb", participating in the entire campaign, shot down many enemy planes. On 27 April, in the early predawn hours, an enemy aircraft raid was picked up by her radar. For an hour "Macomb" fired almost continuously while maneuvering at top speed; three planes were splashed. Her luck ran out on 3 May during a twilight enemy raid. She downed one Japanese plane but a second came in fast and crashed into her, causing extensive damage. For this campaign, "Macomb" was awarded the Navy Unit Commendation for having, " her own aggressiveness and the courage and skill of her officers and men, contributed essentially to the success of the Okinawa invasion..."

"Macomb" proceeded to Saipan for battle repairs following the 3 May engagement. Soon after the repairs were completed, the war's end was announced. "Macomb" rendezvoused with the 3d Fleet on 13 August en route to the Japanese home islands. On 29 August, Just ahead of the "Missouri" (BB-63) and "Iowa" (BB-61), she dropped anchor in Tokyo Bay, where she was witness to the formal surrender.

Leaving Tokyo Bay on 4 September 1945, she commenced sweeping mines in the Japanese area, off Okinawa, near the entrance to the Yellow Sea, and in the Chosen Straits.

1945 – 1954

Departing Sasebo, Japan, on 5 December 1945, "Macomb" steamed for Norfolk, Va., and Atlantic Fleet duty. In June, 1948, Charleston, S.C., become her home port, and until September 1949, "Macomb" went on patrols and took part in exercises along the eastern coasts of the United States and Canada and in the Caribbean.

On 8 September 1949, "Macomb" departed Charleston for the first of three brief tours of duty with the 6th Fleet in the Mediterranean. She returned to Charleston on 13 October. Her second trip to the Mediterranean came in 1951, 20 March to 5 October, the third, 22 April to 24 October 1953. During each cruise "Macomb" participated in the 6th Fleet exercises and operations, lending support to American diplomatic efforts at settling the unstable political situations then existent in many of the Mediterranean countries.

JDS "Hatakaze" (DD-182)

In July of 1954, "Macomb" was placed in reserve. On 19 October she decommissioned and transferred to the Japanese Government, becoming JDS "Hatakaze" (DD-182) in the Japanese Maritime Self-Defense Force.

Ex-"Macomb" was returned to America in 1969. She was transferred to Taiwan 6 August 1970, to serve as RCS Hsien Yang (DD-16) for replacing anotherHsien Yang (DD-16), Ex-"Rodman".

She was decommissioned at 1972.

Battle stars

"Macomb" received five battle stars for World War II service.


External links

* [ USS "Macomb" website] at [ Destroyer History Foundation]
* [ USS "Macomb"]
* [ USS "Macomb"]
* [ USS "Macomb"]

Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Игры ⚽ Нужен реферат?

Look at other dictionaries:

  • USS Macomb (DD-458) — Эскадренный миноносец «Мэкомб» USS Macomb (DD 458) …   Википедия

  • USS Nields (DD-616) — was a Benson class destroyer in the United States Navy during World War II. She was named for Henry C. Nields. Nields was laid down on 15 June 1942 by the Bethlehem Steel Company, Fore River, Massachusetts; launched on 1 October 1942; sponsored… …   Wikipedia

  • USS Hall (DD-583) — was a Fletcher class destroyer of the United States Navy, named for Lieutenant Elijah Hall (1742 ndash;1830), who served in the Continental Navy under John Paul Jones. Hall was laid down by the Boston Navy Yard 16 April 1942; launched 18 July… …   Wikipedia

  • David B. Macomb — Born February 27, 1827(1827 02 27) Tallahassee, Florida Died January 27, 1911(1911 01 27) (aged 83) New York City …   Wikipedia

  • William H. Macomb — Commodore William Henry Alexander Macomb (6 June 1819 ndash; 12 August 1872) was an officer in the United States Navy who served during the American Civil War.Born in Michigan, Macomb was the son of Major General Alexander Macomb, who served as… …   Wikipedia

  • Liste der Zerstörer der United States Navy — Schiffe der United States Navy A B C D E F …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Эскадренные миноносцы типа «Бенсон» — Эскадренные миноносцы типов «Бенсон»/«Гливс» Benson/Gleaves class destroyer …   Википедия

  • Bath Iron Works — (BIW) is a shipyard located on the Kennebec River in Bath, Maine. Since its foundation in 1884 by Thomas W. Hyde, Bath Iron Works has built private, commercial and military vessels. Its largest customer has historically been the United States… …   Wikipedia

  • List of United States Navy ships, M — M Mak* USS M 1 (SS 47) * USS M. J. Scanlon (ID 3513) * USS M. M. Davis (SP 314) * USS M. W. Chapin (1856) * USS Maartensdijk (ID 2497) * USS Macabi (SS 375) * USS Macaw (ASR 11) * USS Macdonough (DD 9, DD 331, DD 351, DDG 39) * USS Macedonian… …   Wikipedia

  • List of World War II topics (U) — # U 571 (film) # U A # U boat Front Clasp # U boat War Badge # U Boote westwärts # U Man # U.S. British Staff Conference (ABC 1) # U.S. 20th Air Base Group # U.S. 5th Interceptor Command # U.S. Army Forces Far East # U.S. Army Forces in the… …   Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”