San Clemente del Tuyú

San Clemente del Tuyú

Infobox Settlement
official_name = Pagename


imagesize = 260px
image_caption = Ocean shore and pier, San Clemente del Tuyú
image_shield =
pushpin_

pushpin_label_position =
pushpin_map_caption =
subdivision_type = Country
subdivision_name = ARG
subdivision_type1 = Province
subdivision_name1 = Buenos Aires
subdivision_type2 = Partido
subdivision_name2 = La Costa
established_title = Founded
established_date = 1935
population_as_of = census-ar|2001
population_total = 11,174
population_density_km2 =
latd = 36
latm = 21
longd = 56
longm = 43
latNS=S|longEW=W
elevation_m = 6
postal_code_type = CPA Base
postal_code = 7105
area_code = +54 02252
website = [http://www.portaldesanclemente.com San Clemente del Tuyú]

San Clemente del Tuyú is an Argentine town in the "Partido de la Costa" district of the Province of Buenos Aires.

History

Noticed by Ferdinand Magellan in 1520, who gave nearby Cape San Antonio its name, Spanish authorities first surveyed the area in 1580. Led by reformist Governor Hernando Arias de Saavedra, his Guaraní staff christened the spot "Rincón del Tuyú" ("muddy corner"). First mapped by British Jesuit Thomas Falkner in 1744, the neighboring stream was named "San Clemente" by Spanish Jesuit José Cardiel. The waterfront area was soon purchased by the Ortiz de Rozas family, one of Argentina's most well-established landowners. Sold to another prominent family, the Leloirs, in 1816, the area became a sheep ranch. A descandant of the Ortiz de Rozas', General Juan Manuel de Rosas, had the area incorporated into a district of the Province of Buenos Aires in 1825, the area's first assigned jurisdiction since national independence in 1816; as Governor, Rosas brutally repressed a local insurrection in 1839 against his repressive rule. Following Rosas' 1852 overthrow, the area was reorganized in 1861 and, prospering with the arrival of abattoirs, the government had fishermen's docks, a canal between San Clemente and Buenos Aires, a railhead and two lighthouses built between 1878 and 1902.

Prospering during the 1920s, the Argentine middle class first became widely aware of the idyllic coast through the efforts of Mayor Jorge Gibson, who had the local coastline graded into public beaches. The project's success led to the first gravel road into San Clemente in 1932 and its formal designation as a municipality; soon followed service stations, campgrounds, real estate developments, a power plant and even a monastery. President Juan Perón made plans for a nearby submarine base that, though never built, resulted in a four-lane highway into San Clemente. This and continuing national prosperity led to the town's rapid development after 1950, which led to the establishment of a hospital in 1970 and of Mundo Marino in 1979, still the largest oceanarium in South America. [ [http://www.gosouthamerica.about.com/od/argatlanticcoast/p/MundoMarino.htm Go South America] ]
Elections in 1983 brought Justicialist candidate Juan Pablo de Jesús to office. Mayor de Jesús had two hospitals built and numerous public works, thereby helping integrate San Clemente with neighboring communities in the Partido de la Costa district. The economic malaise Argentina suffered in the 1980s and the boom in overseas travel following recovery in the early 1990s, however, took its toll on municipal finances and, in 1995, Mayor de Jesús lost his bid for reelection. Succeeded by former military-appointed Mayor Guillermo Magadán, the new administration had an nature theme park ("Parque Bahía Aventura") opened in 1997; drawing few crowds, the area was slated for closure when, in 2003, mineral hot springs were discovered at the spot. Returned to office that year, Mayor de Jesús set aside part of "Bahía Aventura" and opened Termas Marinas, today one of Argentina's most popular hot springs.

The city today

San Clemente del Tuyú, the northenmost among seven sea-side communities in the "Partido de la Costa" district, today counts 27 hotels (of which 14 are three or four-star establishments), the most important of which is the four-star sea-front Hotel Fontainebleu, with 71 rooms. The aquarium, adventure park and hot springs are complemented by two natural sciences museums, fishing boat tours and the 129 meter (400 feet)-long pier, among other parks and attractions. Punta Rasa, at the northern end of the city and the cape, was made a nature preserve in 1997. , a sister city of San Clemente del Tuyú's since 1969.

The seven sister communities receive nearly a million visitors monthly during the peak summer season (January and February), [ [http://www.turismo.gov.ar/esp/noticias/ Secretaría de Turismo] ] of which San Clemente del Tuyú hosts roughly one tenth, given its proportion of the district's hotel room availability. [ [http://www.opcionespampas.com.ar/index.php?incc=nota&codNota=23 Opciones Pampas] ] A considerable number of summertime visitors also come to enjoy Benedictine monk Mamerto Menapace's sermons and lectures, which takes place at the order's San Clemente estancia and offers ascetic "pilgrim" accomodations.

External links

* [http://www.portaldelacosta.com.ar/sanclemente.htm Local info at the Partido de la Costa official website] es icon
* [http://www.gosouthamerica.about.com/od/argatlanticcoast/p/MundoMarino.htm Mundo Marino]


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