The National Law Center on Homelessness and Poverty

The National Law Center on Homelessness and Poverty

The National Law Center on Homelessness and Poverty (NLCHP) was founded in 1989 by Maria Foscarinis as a non-profit corporation based in Washington, D.C. It is tax-exempt under section 501(c)(3) of the Internal revenue Code,[1] and contributions to it are tax deductible. The organization is governed by a 16 member volunteer Board of Directors, and works with other national and local organizations across the country.[2]

The mission of NLCHP is to prevent and end homelessness by serving as the legal arm of the nationwide movement to end homelessness. Through a combination of impact litigation, policy advocacy, and public education, NLCHP works for systematic reform that addresses the causes of homelessness at the local, state, and national level. NLCHP views homelessness as an extreme form of poverty, caused primarily by a shortage of affordable housing, insufficient income, and inadequate social services. NLCHP is the only national legal advocacy organization dedicated solely to preventing and ending homelessness.[3]

NLCHP’s programs focus on reforming systems that contribute to and cause homelessness, while also working to make a concrete difference in the lives of millions.[4]

The organization’s programs include:

  • Assuring that homeless children are able to go to school
  • Preventing domestic violence survivors from becoming homeless
  • Assisting impoverished families when they are homeless due to a natural disaster
  • Holding the U.S. government accountable until the human right to housing is a reality for all
  • Protecting homeless individuals from discrimination
  • Creating homes and communities for homeless people from unused government property[1]

Contents

Accomplishments

Major accomplishments by NLCHP include:

  • Helping to spur passage of the Homeless Emergency Assistance and Rapid Transition to Housing (HEARTH) Act, which increased federal resources to prevent homelessness and to house those already homeless, and required that the federal government develop a plan to end homelessness.[5]
  • Helping to spur passage of 2009’s Protecting Tenants at Foreclosure Act, which provided tenants of foreclosure properties with unprecedented federal protections, including the right to 90-days notice prior to eviction, or in many cases, the right to stay in their home until the end of their lease.[6]
  • Advocating for laws in D.C. and Maryland that add homeless people as a protected class to their hate crime statutes.[7]
  • Helping to plan a nationwide fact-finding mission for the UN Special Rapporteur on Adequate Housing, Raquel Rolnik, who met with poor and homeless persons and government officials in New Orleans, Los Angeles, and Washington, D.C. and other cities to assess the status of American homelessness. She concluded her trip by sharing her preliminary findings at NLCHP’s National Forum on Housing as a Human Right.[8]
  • Along with pro bono partner Goodwin Procter, successfully resolving a class action lawsuit on behalf of 2,000 children against the Long Island, New York school system, Suffolk County, and New York state, ensuring access to school and school services for those children.[9]
  • Advocating successfully for a federal law that makes surplus federal property available to homeless assistance organizations at no cost, and creating a tool kit and provides technical assistance to help local advocates apply for and obtain federal property. Federal agencies estimate that at least $100 million in surplus federal property has been made available to homeless assistance organizations to date.[10]
  • Successfully advocating against anti-camping laws in Puyallup, WA, where homeless persons were harassed and arrested for sleeping in public. As a result of NLCHP’s efforts, the Puyallup City Council declared a Homeless Awareness Day and is considering legislation to establish tent cities on Church property.

Pro bono

Many of NLCHP's most significant and high profile legal victories were made possible through extensive pro bono service from the private bar. In 2004, NLCHP decided to strengthen its ties with pro bono partners and recognize their vital contributions to its work. Thus, the Lawyers’ Executive Advisory Partners, known as LEAP, was formed. LEAP is a national philanthropic effort of the legal community to help homeless and poverty-stricken Americans achieve self-sufficiency. LEAP members work to prevent and end homelessness by providing NLCHP with financial support as well as pro bono legal services. The members form a network of key influential leaders that realize significant positive social change.[11]

History/Founder- Maria Foscarinis

In 1989 by Maria Foscarinis created theNLCHP. She is a lawyer who has been working to end homelessness on the national level. [1] [edit]Programs

Homelessness Due to the economic crisis homelessness has significantly increased. The NLCHP homelessness program dedicates its time to increase the amount recourses for homeless people. They advocate for an increase of funding for housing. [2] Domestic Violence This organization works to help victims/survivors of domestic violence access housing. The NLCHP to create and implement policy changes that effect domestic violence and housing. They also work with victims of domestic violence who are at risk of losing their homes due to what has happened to them. [3] Income “The Law Center's Income Program focuses on improving access for homeless persons public benefits including SSI and food assistance programs. We advocate for improvements and increased funding for the United States' benefits programs.” [4] Children and youth There are more than 1.3 million children are homeless. They work to strengthen legislation that will guarantee all children especially children who are homeless an education. They believe that education is one way to break the cycle of poverty and homelessness. [5] Human rights About half of Americans believe that adequate housing is a human right. This advocates for an increase in housing resources at all levels of government [6] Hurricane Katrrina The NLCHP has immediate, intermediate, and long-term plans to help the people affected by both hurricanes Katrina and Rita. They assist in two ways. They assist those who lost their housing to the hurricanes and those who where homeless before the hurricanes. They work with the national response that meets the needs of the people who are affected. [7] [edit]Membership

Membership is used through the Lawyers' Executive Advisory Partners (LEAP) Program. LEAP members provide services that help end homelessness by supporting the NLCHP with financial and pro-bono support *[8]. Pro-bono is when someone donates professional and legal work for the public good *[9]. There are membership levels. According to NLCHP’s website, the membership levels are: • “Member - $5,000 - $9,999 • Supporter - $10,000 - $14,999 • Sustainer - $15,000- $24,999 • Leader - $25,000 - $49,000 • Champion - $50,000 and up [10]”. Benefits of being a member include community engagement , pro bono benefits, publicity, networking with other lawyers, and tax deductions *[11]. [12] [13] [14] [15] [edit]Long-term solutions of homelessness

There long term solutions for homelessness include ensuring affordable housing, ensuring adequate income , ensuring social services, and to prohibit discrimination. They believe by providing real solutions they will be able to help integrate the homeless back into society. They will do this by lobbying and creating policies. One example of this is that they are creating policies that will help the homeless jobs that will then help them find homes which will help stabilize the economy. [16]]

References

  1. ^ a b GuideStar - JustGive Search - National Law Center on Homelessness and Poverty
  2. ^ Charity Navigator Rating - National Law Center on Homelessness and Poverty
  3. ^ NLCHP.org
  4. ^ Homelessness
  5. ^ National Alliance to End Homelessness' HEARTH Act Summary http://www.endhomelessness.org/content/general/detail/2098
  6. ^ Prince George's Sentinel: Foreclosures also affect tenants http://www.thesentinel.com/pgs/column-landlord-foreclosers-ganzler
  7. ^ USA Today: MD first to make homeless attacks a hate crime http://www.usatoday.com/news/nation/2009-05-07-homeless-attacks-hate-crimes_N.htm
  8. ^ UN Special Rapporteur on the Right to Adequate Housing's opening remarks at National Housing Forum http://hub.witness.org/en/upload/un-special-rapporteur-right-adequate-housing-opening-remarks-2009-national-forum-human-right-
  9. ^ Agreement Near on Homeless Schooling - New York Times
  10. ^ President Signs Bill to Provide More Housing Resources http://www.nlchp.org/view_release.cfm?PRID=1
  11. ^ An Overview of LEAP http://www.nlchp.org/program.cfm?prog=8

External links


Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Поможем написать реферат

Look at other dictionaries:

  • National Coalition for the Homeless — … This article is about the national organization. For the original advocacy group it was based on see Coalition for the Homeless The National Coalition for the Homeless is a national network of people who are currently experiencing or who have… …   Wikipedia

  • Homelessness — is the condition and social category of people who lack housing, because they cannot afford, or are otherwise unable to maintain, regular, safe, and adequate shelter. The term homelessness may also include people whose primary nighttime residence …   Wikipedia

  • Homelessness in the United States — OverviewObservers of modern homelessness often cite some of the following potential causes of homelessness: * The movement in the 1950s in state mental health systems to shift towards community based treatment as opposed to long term commitment… …   Wikipedia

  • McKinney–Vento Homeless Assistance Act — The McKinney Vento Homeless Assistance Act of 1987 (Pub. L. 100 77, July 22, 1987, 101 Stat. 482, 42 U.S.C. § 11301 et seq.) is a United States federal law that provides federal money for homeless shelter programs.[1][2] It was the… …   Wikipedia

  • McKinney-Vento Homeless Assistance Act — The McKinney Vento Homeless Assistance Act of 1986 (Pub. L. 100 77, July 22, 1987, 101 Stat. 482, UnitedStatesCode|42|11301 et seq. ) is a United States federal law that provides federal money for shelter programs. [United States Department of… …   Wikipedia

  • Law enforcement in the United States — Officers from US Customs and Border Protection boarding a ship Law enforcement in the United States is one of three major components of the criminal justice system of the United States, along with courts and corrections. Although there exists an… …   Wikipedia

  • Sarasota, Florida — View of Sarasota beachfront on the Gulf of Mexico in the foreground across her keys in Sarasota Bay to the harbor and downtown bay front in the middle ground and residential neigh …   Wikipedia

  • Fried, Frank, Harris, Shriver & Jacobson — Infobox Law Firm firm name = Fried, Frank, Harris, Shriver Jacobson LLP firm headquarters = New York City num offices = 7 num attorneys = more than 600 practice areas = General practice date founded = company type = Limited liability partnership… …   Wikipedia

  • National Security Agency — NSA redirects here. For other uses, see NSA (disambiguation). For the Bahraini intelligence agency, see National Security Agency (Bahrain). National Security Agency Agency overview …   Wikipedia

  • Personal Responsibility and Work Opportunity Act — The Personal Responsibility and Work Opportunity Reconciliation Act of 1996 (PRWORA, USStatute|104|193|110|2105|1996|08|22) is a United States federal law considered to be a fundamental shift in both the method and goal of federal cash assistance …   Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”