Hydrodynamic technique

Hydrodynamic technique

An electroanalytical method in which the analyte solution flows relative to a working electrode. [Bard, A.J.; Faulkner, L.R. Electrochemical Methods: Fundamentals and Applications. New York: John Wiley & Sons, 2nd Edition, 2000.]


Most experiment involve a three electrode setup but the configuration of the setup varies widely. All cell configurations create a laminar flow of solution across the working electrode(s) producing a steady-state current determined by solution flow rather than diffusion. The current resulting can be mathematically predicted and modeled. Among the most common hydrodynamic setup involves the working electrodes rotating to create a laminar flow of solution across the electrode surface. Both rotating disk electrodes (RDE) and rotating ring-disk electrodes (RRDE) are examples where the working electrode rotates. Other configurations, such as flow cells, use pumps to direct solution at or across the working electrode(s).


Hydrodynamic technique are distinct from still and unstirred experiments such as cyclic voltammetry where the stead-state current is limited by the diffusion of substrate. Experiments are not however limited to linear sweep voltammetry. The configuration of many cells takes the substrate from one working electrode across another, RRDE for example. The potential of one electrode can be varied as the other is held constant or varied. The flow rate can also be varied to adjust the temporal gap the substrates experiences between working electrodes.

ee also

* voltammetry
* linear sweep voltammetry
* rotating disk electrode
* rotating ring-disk electrode


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