Lac Courte Oreilles Band of Lake Superior Chippewa Indians

Lac Courte Oreilles Band of Lake Superior Chippewa Indians

The Lac Courte Oreilles Tribe are one of seven federally recognized Wisconsin bands of Ojibwa. The band is based at the Lac Courte Oreilles Indian Reservation, at 45°52′59″N 91°19′13″W / 45.88306°N 91.32028°W / 45.88306; -91.32028 in northwestern Wisconsin, which surrounds Lac Courte Oreilles (Odaawaa-zaaga'igan in the Ojibwe language, meaning "Ottawa Lake"). The main reservation's land is in west-central Sawyer County, but two small plots of off-reservation trust land are located in Rusk, Burnett County, and in Evergreen, Washburn County. The Reservation was established by the second Treaty of La Pointe in 1854.

The Lac Courte Oreilles were signatories to a treaty with the United States signed in 1837, the 1842 Treaty of La Pointe, and the 1854 Treaty of La Pointe. The tribal reservation has a land area of 107.912 sq mi (279.492 km²), including the trust lands, and a population of 2,900 persons as of the 2000 census. The most populous community is Little Round Lake, at the reservation's northwest corner, south of the non-reservation city of Hayward, the county seat of Sawyer County.

The reservation hosts an "Honor the Earth" Pow Wow every summer. Rock drummer Mickey Hart's recording of some of the performers, Honor The Earth Powwow--Songs Of The Great Lake Indians, became a minor national hit in 1991.[1]

The band is federally recognized as a tribe and has its own government. It owns and operates a tribal college, Lac Courte Oreilles Ojibwa Community College, in Hayward. The band also operates the LCO Casino and a community radio station, WOJB-FM.



Notable natives and residents

  • Paul DeMain (Ojibwe/Oneida), journalist and publisher of the independently owned and operated News From Indian Country, based at the LCO reservation.
  • Jim Denomie, artist
  • Ozaawindib (recorded as O-za-win-dib)(Yellow Head) was an eighteenth-century Ojibwa chief of the Prairie Rice Lake Band of Lake Superior Chippewa Indians. The Band was originally located near Rice Lake, Wisconsin and later consolidated with the Lac Courte Oreilles Band. He was of the Niibinaabe-doodem (Merman Clan). He fought in the Battle of Prairie Rice Lake in 1798.[2] He and Wolf's Father were killed by a Dakota while they were hunting at the mouth of Hay River.[3] Ozaawindib had twin sons: Nenaa'angebi (Beautifying Bird) and Chief Shák'pí (Six).


  1. ^ Bill Miller (October 1, 1993). "Native Tongues". Entertainment Weekly.,,308192,00.html. Retrieved 2007-09-10. 
  2. ^ Mashkode-manoominikaani-zaaga'igan (Prairie Rice Lake) is Prairie Lake of Chetek, Wisconsin.
  3. ^ History, p. 320

External links

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