Arab Islamic Front of Azawad

Arab Islamic Front of Azawad

Arab Islamic Front of Azawad (in French: "Front Islamique Arabe de l'Azawad" or FIAA) was a militant rebel group in northern Mali. It was headed by Zahabi Ould Sidi Mohamed. []

Alone among Mali's many northern rebel groups, the FIAA drew its members mainly from north-west Mali's Hassani Arab minority, which is closely related by tribal ties, dialect and culture to the Moorish population of Mauritania and the Sahrawis of Western Sahara, Algeria and Morocco. Most other rebel groups in Mali's civil war were dominated by the north's larger population of Tuareg, a Berber people.

On January 6 1991, the MPLA and FIAA signed the Algeria-backed Tamanrasset Accords with the government of Mali. The accord, however, failed to prevent further conflict. In December 1991 FIAA joined the United Movements and Fronts of Azawad (MFUA), which would then sign the National Pact peace treaty.

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