- Popular Movement for the Liberation of Azawad
Popular Movement for the Liberation of Azawad (in French: Mouvement Populaire de Libération de l'Azawad, MPLA), a Tuareg militant rebel group in northern Mali (Azawad). Initially based amongst exiles in Algeria and, especially, Libya, MPLA launched an armed campaign in June 1990. This fed into the disturbances already underway in Mali, and started a civil war. After the overthrow of the Malian government, and the introduction of electoral democracy, the rebellion gradually ceased.
On January 6, 1991 MPLA and FIAA signed the Tamanrasset Accords together with the government of Mali. The accord however failed to prevent further conflict. In December 1991 MPLA joined the United Movements and Fronts of Azawad (MFUA), which unitedly signed the National Pact peace treaty. Former MPLA fighters are believed to have been involved in the Kidal disturbances of 2006.
- ^ Togo, Theodore (2002). "The Rebellion In The North Of Mali". Peacebuilding: A Caritas Training Manual. Caritas Internationalis. pp. 232–235. http://www3.caritas.org/upload/pea/peacebil-ing_1.pdf.
- ^ Jean Sebastian Lecocq. That desert is our country: Tuareg rebellions and competing nationalisms in contemporary Mali (1946-1996). Universiteit van Amsterdam, (2002).
- ^ Jean-Marc Balencie, Arnaud de La Grange. Mondes rebelles: guerres civiles et violences politiques. Michalon, (1999) ISBN 9782841860913 p.264-5
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