- Royal Ulster Rifles
Infobox Military Unit
unit_name=Royal Ulster Rifles (formerly Royal Irish Rifles)
caption= Regimental Crest
dates= 1793 - 1968
role= now defunct
size= 1 Regular battalion at disbandment (16 during
ceremonial_chief_label= Colonel of the Regiment
nickname= The Rifles
abbreviation= RUR (RIR)
motto= Quis Separabit (Who shall separate us) (Latin)
identification_symbol_2= [http://www.regiments.org/tradition/tartans/saffron.htm Saffron (pipes)]
march= Quick - " The Ulster Rifles march "Off.' said the Stranger" "
battles= Badajoz, Jhansi, Somme, Korea
anniversaries=Barrossa Day, 5th March; Somme Day, 1st July
The Royal Ulster Rifles (formerly Royal Irish Rifles) was an Irish
infantry regimentof the British Army. It saw service in the The Great War and the Second World War, before being amalgamated into the Royal Irish Rangersin 1968.
The regiment's history dates backs to the reign of
King George III. In 1793 the British armyexpanded to meet the commitments of the war with the French First Republic. As part of that expansion it raised two new Regiments of Foot, the 83rd and the 86th. At the same time the counties Antrim, Down and Louth Regiments of Militia were raised.
In 1881, under the
Cardwell Reforms, the 83rd and 86th were amalgamated into a single regiment, named the Royal Irish Rifles. It was one of eight Irish regiments raised and garrisoned in Irelandand was the county regiment of Antrim, Down and Louth, with its garrison depot located at Belfast. Militarily, the whole of Ireland was administered as a separate command within the United Kingdom with Command Headquarters at Parkgate ( Phoenix Park) Dublin, directly under the War Officein London [ H.E.D. Harris " The Irish Regiments in the First World War" (1968) pp. 2-3] .
World War I
The Royal Irish Rifles was connected with the
British 36th (Ulster) Divisionand 16th (Irish) Divisionduring The Great War. The unionist militias, the Ulster Volunteer Forceand Young Citizens Volunteershad amalgamated with the 36th whilst the nationalist National Volunteershad joined the 16th after the outbreak of the Great War.
In 1921, following the proclamation of the
Irish Free State, the Royal Irish Rifles was renamed the Royal Ulster Rifles, with the regimental district of Louth ceded to the newly independent state [cite web
title = Regiments.org
accessdaymonth=20 Aug | accessyear=2007] .
Recipients of the
William Frederick McFadzean. 1st Bn Royal Irish Rifles. 1916. Thiepval.
Robert Quigg. 12th Bn Royal Irish Rifles. 1916. Hamel, Somme.
Edmund De Wind. 15th Bn Royal Irish Rifles. 1918. Grugies, France.
In 1947, it was grouped with the "Royal Inniskilling Fusiliers" and "Royal Irish Fusiliers" into the North Irish Brigade. A year later, the regiment formed a pipe band, wearing saffron kilts and carrying the
Great Irish Warpipes.
In 1968, under reforms of the army, the Royal Ulster Rifles was amalgamated with the
Royal Inniskilling Fusiliersand the Royal Irish Fusiliersto form The Royal Irish Rangers (27th (Inniskilling), 83rd and 87th).
Young Citizen Volunteers
List of British Army regiments (1881)
Great War Memorials
* Ulster Tower Memorial Thiepval, France.
Irish National War Memorial Gardens, Dublin.
Island of Ireland Peace ParkMessines, Belgium.
Menin Gate MemorialYpres, Belgium.
* James W. Taylor "The 1st Royal Irish Rifles in the Great War" Four Courts Press (2002) ISBN 1-85182-702-1
* James W. Taylor "The 2nd Royal Irish Rifles in the Great War" Four Courts Press (2005) ISBN 1-85182-952-0
* [http://www.royalirishrangers.co.uk/ Official RIR site]
* [http://www.1914-1918.net/ririfles.htm RIR 1914-1918]
* [http://www.geocities.com/Athens/Acropolis/2354/ History of the RIR]
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