United States Foreign Military Financing

United States Foreign Military Financing

The Foreign Military Financing (FMF) program provides grants and loans to help countries purchase U.S.-produced weapons, defense equipment, defense services and military training. FMF funds purchases made through the Foreign Military Sales (FMS) program, which manages government-to-government sales. On a much less frequent basis, FMF also funds purchases made through the Direct Commercial Sales (DCS) program, which oversees sales between foreign governments and private U.S. companies. FMF does not provide cash grants to other countries; it generally pays for sales of specific goods or services through FMS or DCS.

The State Department's Bureau of Political-Military Affairs sets policy for the FMF program, while the Defense Security Cooperation Agency (DSCA), within the Defense Department, manages it on a day-to-day basis. Security Assistance Organizations (SAOs), military personnel in U.S. embassies overseas, play a key role in managing FMF within recipient countries. Some FMF pays for SAO salaries and operational costs. Congress appropriates funds for FMF through the yearly Foreign Operations Appropriations Act.

FMF exists primarily to fund arms transfers, as military training is normally granted through the International Military Education and Training (IMET) program. However, FMF does support a good deal of training.

External Links

* [http://www.dod.mil U.S. Department of Defense]
* [http://www.state.gov U.S. Department of State]
* [http://www.dsca.osd.mil Defense Security Cooperation Agency]

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