Treaty of Frankfurt (1871)

Treaty of Frankfurt (1871)

The Treaty of Frankfurt ( _fr. Le traité de Francfort; _de. Friede von Frankfurt) was a peace treaty signed in Frankfurt on May 10, 1871, at the end of the Franco-Prussian War. The terms of the treaty, regarded as harsh among the French, created a general animosity among them towards Germany, known as revanchism. The French resentment of the terms of the treaty indirectly led to the entangled alliances preceding World War I, and to the Great War itself.


The treaty:
* Confirmed the frontier between the French Third Republic and the German Empire - involving the annexation of most of Alsace and the Lorraine departement of Moselle
* Gave residents of the annexed Alsace-Lorraine region until October 1, 1872 to decide between keeping their French nationality and emigrating, or to remain in the region and become German citizens.
* Set a framework for the withdrawal of German troops from certain areas.
* Regulated the payment of France's war indemnity of five billion francs (due within three years).
* Recognized the acceptance of William I of Prussia to be German Emperor.
* Required military occupation in parts of France until the staggering indemnity was paid (to the surprise of Germany, the French paid the indemnity quickly).

The treaty also clarified the following points:

* The use of navigable waterways in connection to Alsace-Lorraine
* Trade between the two countries
* The return of prisoners of war

Factors that influenced the boundary:


Prior to 1871, the Alsace-Lorraine region of France had belonged off and on to both France and Germany. At the time in question these regions were a part of France, but their people were largely German in language and culture. France did not keep language information as part of its census-taking, so the only count to determine the language-divide was provided by German students of the time. [Hawthorne, 215]


The German military voiced control of the Alsace region, up to the Vosages (mountain range) and the area between Thionville and Metz as a requirement for the protection of Germany. Most importantly, the German military regarded control of the route between Thonville and Metz as the most important area of control if there were ever to be a future war with France. [Hawthorne, 217]


Without a westward shift in the boundary the new empire's frontier with France would have been largely divided between the states of Baden and Bavaria, whose governments were less than enthusiastic with the prospect of having a vengeful France on their doorstep. It also would have necessitated the stationing of substantial Imperial forces within these states' borders, possibly compromising their ability to exercise the considerable autonomy the southern states were able maintain in the unification treaty. A shift in the frontier aleviated these issues.


Natural resources in Alsace-Lorraine (iron-ore, and coal) did not appear to play a role in Germany's fight for the areas annexed. [Hawthorne, 248] Military annexation was the main voiced goal along with unification of the German people.

After World War 1

The Alsace-Lorraine regions were yielded back to France according to the 1919 Treaty of Versailles



*Hawthorne, Richard (Jan, 1950). "The Franco-German Boundary of 1871", World Politics, pp. 209-250.
*Eckhardt, C.C. (May, 1918). "The Alsace-Lorraine Question", The Scientific Monthly, Vol. 6, No. 5, pp. 431-443.

Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Игры ⚽ Поможем решить контрольную работу

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Treaty of Frankfurt — The Treaty of Frankfurt may refer to one of two treaties signed at Frankfurt, as follows:*Treaty of Frankfurt (1539) Initiated a fifteen month period of peace between Protestants and Catholics in the Holy Roman Empire. *Treaty of Frankfurt (1871) …   Wikipedia

  • Treaty of Versailles of 1871 — The preliminary Treaty of Versailles of 1871 ended the Franco Prussian War. It was signed by Otto von Bismarck for Germany and Adolphe Thiers for France. It was ratified in the same year in the Treaty of Frankfurt (1871 05 10) when matters such… …   Wikipedia

  • Treaty of Versailles — otheruses4|the Treaty of Versailles of 28 June 1919, at the end of World War I|other uses|Treaty of Versailles (disambiguation) Infobox Treaty name = Treaty of Versailles long name = Treaty of Peace between the Allied and Associated Powers and… …   Wikipedia

  • 1871 in France — See also: 1870 in France, other events of 1871, 1872 in France. Events from the year 1871 in France.Events*3 January Battle of Bapaume. Prussian victory in continuing Franco Prussian War. *10 January Besieged city of Péronne surrenders to… …   Wikipedia

  • Frankfurt, Treaty of — (1871)    The diplomatic settlement concluding the Franco Prussian War. The war was effectively over after the German victory at Sedan in September 1870. With the fall of the empire, however, Napoleon III (see Bonaparte, Louis Napoleon ) left the …   Encyclopedia of the Age of Imperialism, 1800–1914

  • Frankfurt Parliament — The Frankfurt Parliament (German: Frankfurter Nationalversammlung , literally Frankfurt National Assembly ) was the first freely elected parliament for all of Germany.Fact|date=January 2008 It was in session from 18 May 1848 until 31 May 1849 in… …   Wikipedia

  • Japan–Korea Treaty of 1910 — This article is about the 1910 treaty. For the 1907 treaty, see Japan Korea Annexation Treaty of 1907. Japan Korea Annexation Treaty Japanese name Kanji 日韓併合条約 …   Wikipedia

  • History of Frankfurt am Main — The history of the city of Frankfurt am Main is the story of a hill at a ford in the Main that developed into a European banking metropolis, becoming the smallest metropolis in the world . Its other monikers include Bankfurt and Mainhattan . The… …   Wikipedia

  • Former eastern territories of Germany — v · d …   Wikipedia

  • Sillegny — French commune nomcommune=Sillegny région=Lorraine département=Moselle arrondissement=Metz Campagne canton=Canton of Verny insee=57652 cp=57420 maire=Roger Laprade mandat=2001 2008 intercomm=Communauté de communes du Vernois… …   Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”