Pedro Pablo Abarca de Bolea, Count of Aranda

Pedro Pablo Abarca de Bolea, Count of Aranda

:"This person should not be confused with Pedro de Aranda, bishop of Calahorra during the late fifteenth century."

Pedro Pablo Abarca de Bolea y Jiménez de Urrea, 10th Count of Aranda (Siétamo, Huesca, 1718- Épila, Saragossa 1798), was a Spanish statesman and diplomat.

He began ecclesiastical studies in the seminary of Bologna but when he was 18 he changed to the Military School of Parma. In 1740, he was captain in the Spanish Army and fought in the War of Austrian Succession. As he had been severely wounded in combat in 1743 (he was left for dead on the battlefield), he temporarily left the military and traveled through Europe. He studied the Prussian Army and lived in Paris, where he met Diderot, Voltaire and D'Alambert and studied the Encyclopedical and Enlightenment movements.

In 1754, Ferdinand VI appointed him ambassador to Portugal and in 1757 director general of Artillery. In 1760, Charles III appointed him ambassador to Poland and on his return he was sent to Portugal to supersede the Marquis of Sarria in the command of the Spanish army then invading Portugal .

In 1763 he was appointed captain general of Valencia. When the Esquilache riots happened he was appointed captain general of Castile the New and president of the Council of Castile. As he enjoyed the personal confidence of the king, his power was similar to a prime minister's. He promoted many enlightened reforms and he supported the expulsion of the Jesuits in 1767. His political and courtier enemies, especially Floridablanca, managed to achieve his dismissal. He was appointed ambassador to France in 1773, where he stayed till 1792.

In Paris, analyzing the situation created after the United States won its independence, he drafted a projected Commonwealth for the Spanish Empire: three independent kingdoms (Peru, "Tierra Firme" (New Grenada and Venezuela) and Mexico) with three Spanish "infantes" in their thrones. The Spanish king would remain as the Spanish Emperor [Cf. Lucena, Manuel: "Premoniciones de la independencia de Iberoamérica : las reflexiones de José de Ábalos y el Conde de Aranda sobre la situación de la América española a finales del siglo XVIII", Madrid: Fundación Histórica Tavera; Ministerio de Asuntos Exteriores, 2003] .

In 1792, he returned to Spain to replace the Count of Floridablanca as secretary of State (Prime minister). After the imprisonment of Louis XVI (August, 1792) and the proclamation of the Republic in France (September), Aranda's Enlightenment leanings seemed incompatible with the total war that several European monarchies were about to declare against revolutionary France. Aranda was therefore replaced by Manuel Godoy in November. After the defeat of Spanish Army in Rousillon, Godoy and Aranda publicly quarreled in the Council of State. That same night Aranda was arrested and confined to Jaén. A year later he was indulted and retired to his estates in Aragon.

He was buried in the monastery of San Juan de la Peña.

References

External links

* [http://books.google.be/books?id=Jlbfq5hCiUMC&pg=PA240&lpg=PA240&dq=Aranda+1762+portugal+&source=web&ots=qa-Dv_RLYw&sig=755jdKeLbtbHcBp2YiICLS8iUGY&hl=nl#PPA240,M1 The Penny Cyclopædia of the Society for the Diffusion of Useful Knowledge]

Bibliography

*Albiac, María Dolores: "El conde de Aranda. Los laberintos del poder", Saragossa: Caja de Ahorros de la Inmaculada, 1998
*Olaechea, Rafael; Ferrer, José A.: "El Conde de Aranda (mitos y realidad de un político aragonés)", Saragossa: Librería General, 1978


Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Нужна курсовая?

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Pedro Pablo Abarca de Bolea, 10th Count of Aranda — This person should not be confused with Pedro de Aranda, bishop of Calahorra during the late fifteenth century. Portrait of the Count of Aranda, by José María Galván. Don Pedro Pablo Abarca de Bolea y Jiménez de Urrea, 10th Count of Aranda… …   Wikipedia

  • Aranda — has several meanings:Places and events: *Aranda de Duero, a Spanish town located in Burgos province, the site of the Council of Aranda *Aranda (comarca), an Aragonese comarca. *Aranda, Australian Capital Territory, a Canberra suburb named after… …   Wikipedia

  • Abarca — may refer to:*Cristián Abarca (born 1989), Chilean footballer *David Abarca (born 1952), Mexican baseball player *Joaquín Abarca (1780 1844), Spanish prelate *Josep María Abarca (born 1974), Spanish water polo player *Luis Flores Abarca (born… …   Wikipedia

  • Pedro de Aranda — This person should not be confused with Pedro Pablo Abarca de Bolea, Count of Aranda. Pedro de Aranda was a Bishop of Calahorra and President of the Council of Castile in the latter part of the fifteenth century, and a victim of the persecutions… …   Wikipedia

  • Charles IV of Spain — Charles IV Portrait of Charles IV by Goya King of Spain Reign 14 December 1788–19 March 1808 ( 1000000000000001900000019 years …   Wikipedia

  • Esquilache Riots — The Esquilache Riots, by Francisco de Goya The Esquilache Riots (Motín de Esquilache) occurred in March 1766 during the rule of Charles III of Spain. Caused mostly by the growing discontent in Madrid about the rising costs of bread and other… …   Wikipedia

  • List of Aragonese — This is a list of famous Aragonese people. It includes people from the medieval Kingdom of Aragon or from contemporary Aragon, one of the Autonomous Communities of Spain and people born elsewhere with significant Aragonese ancestry.Artists*… …   Wikipedia

  • Spain — /spayn/, n. a kingdom in SW Europe. Including the Balearic and Canary islands, 39,244,195; 194,988 sq. mi. (505,019 sq. km). Cap.: Madrid. Spanish, España. * * * Spain Introduction Spain Background: Spain s powerful world empire of the 16th and… …   Universalium

  • Conde de Floridablanca — Para otros usos de este término, véase Floridablanca (desambiguación). Para otros usos de este término, véase Condado de Floridablanca. El conde de Floridablanca, de Francisco de Goya, 1783. José Moñino y Redondo, I conde de F …   Wikipedia Español

  • Liste des chevaliers de l'ordre de la Toison d'or — Le collier de l’ordre de la Toison d’or L ordre de la Toison d or est un ordre de chevalerie séculier fondé en janvier 1430 par Philippe le Bon à Bruges lors des festivités données à l occasion de son mariage avec sa troisième épouse, Isabelle de …   Wikipédia en Français

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”