Peter Wall

Peter Wall

Peter Wall is a property developer in Vancouver, Canada who, in the 1990s and 2000s, played a significant and controversial part in the city's real-estate boom. He has been described as "a leading contributor to Vancouver's 'City of Glass' reputation" during a period in which the city's skyline has been transformed, along with its economic and social profile. [Harvnb|Anonymous|2008. For Vancouver as a "city of glass", see Harvnb|Coupland|2000.] Rejecting the label "developer", Wall has stated that he "just make [s] some money investing in business ideas and projects".

Wall emigrated from Eastern Europe to Canada as a child, shortly after the Second World War. During the 1990s, when Vancouver was changing from a provincial port tied to the British Columbian lumber industry to a major multicultural gateway for immigrants from around the Pacific Rim, Wall and his company Wall Financial Corporation helped revitalize the city's downtown area. In the process, Wall benefitted from and propelled a property boom that continues to this day. His career has earned him both criticism and praise.

Wall has been described as the city's "ultimate business maverick" in the press, which depicts him as a colourful, flamboyant character.Harvnb|Ford|2002a] The controversial award-winning hotel and condominium tower, One Wall Centre, completed in 2001, is regarded as his crowning achievement. At the time of its construction, this skyscraper was the highest in Canada west of Toronto, and it remains Vancouver's tallest completed building. [cite web|title=Vancouver|url=|publisher=Emporis|accessdate=2008-06-03 By the end of 2008, One Wall Centre will be overtaken by the 61-storey tower, Living Shangri-La.] Wall is also known for his legal scrapes and for his personal and public generosity. He fought a protracted legal battle with the city over the excessive height of One Wall Centre. He has been a significant donor to his alma mater, the University of British Columbia, in 1991 making what was then the largest donation in the university's history.


Wall was born to a German Mennonite family in Ukraine, and he spent his childhood in Yugoslavia, Hungary, and Austria. In 1948, he moved to Canada with his mother and five siblings. The family settled in Abbotsford, British Columbia. Wall enrolled at the University of British Columbia in 1958, where he studied chemistry but did not graduate. [For the date, see Harvnb|Weder|2001; for the fact that he did not finish the degree, see Harvnb|Ford|2002a, where he is said to have been studying Pharmacy.] Given C$6,000 by his mother to build a house, he sold the finished product for $13,000 before she had moved in. He later claimed he "discovered right then how easy it was to make money in the real-estate business". [Harvnb|Ford|2002a; Harvnb|Weder|2001 has a slightly different version of the same story] Despite his early exit from academia, he donated $15 million to UBC in 1991, at the time the largest private donation it had received. [citation|title= UBC donation |newspaper= Financial Post |place= Toronto |date= April 12, 1991 |year= 1991 |page= 4 |url= |accessdate= 2008-05-26 ] The university used the gift to found the Peter Wall Institute for Advanced Studies. In 1995, UBC awarded Wall an honorary doctorate. His degree citation credited him with "a creative and innovative mind which allows him to bring unconventional solutions to otherwise insoluble problems". [citation|chapter= Honorary Degree Citations, 1992-1995 |title= UBC Archives |publisher= University of British Columbia |url= |accessdate= 2008-05-27 ]

Wall has regularly been ranked as the highest-paid executive in Vancouver. In both 1998 and 1999, he earned $1.4 million, although in some years he has earned less, because his salary is linked to the firm's pre-tax profits.Harvnb|Hasselback|2000] Frequently called "flamboyant", according to journalist Drew Hasselback, he is is known for his "outspoken opinions, designer clothes, German accent, in-your-face enthusiasm and self-confessed love of spending money". In 2007, "The Vancouver Sun" interviewed Wall as he leant on the fender of a special-edition Bentley Turbo R sedan. He said that it cost "$300,000 or $320,000 but – what's it matter? – they're only worth a hundred [$100,000] , anyway". [citation|last=Parry |first= Malcolm |title= Condo King Wall wants 'Everybody to Make Money' |url= |newspaper= The Vancouver Sun |page= C.5 |date= March 1, 2007 |year= 2007 |accessdate= 2008-05-27 ] The newspaper dubbed him the "Condo King".

Wall's approach to business has sometimes caused conflict. He reportedly admitted, "I have been a bit impulsive at times and I do want to be more respectful of my fellow man". On occasion, he has been impulsively generous. According to an anecdote reported in "The Vancouver Sun", in 2002 he gave a Rolls Royce convertible to a friend to save him from having to walk to a meeting. [citation|last= Parry |first= Malcolm |title= Help yourself to the Rolls-Royce: Developer Peter Wall Told Pal Rob Macdonald to 'Take my Car' |newspaper= The Vancouver Sun |date= June 28, 2002 |year= 2002 |page= D.4 |url= |accessdate= 2008-05-27 ]

Wall Financial Corporation

Founded in 1969 as "Wall & Redekop Corp.",Harvnb|Schreiner|1989] and listed since 1973 on the Toronto Stock Exchange (tsx|WFC), [Symbol "WFC". citation|chapter= Wall Financial Corporation (WFC) |title= TSX |publisher= Toronto Stock Exchange |url= |accessdate= 2008-05-28 ] Wall Financial Corporation is a publicly traded real-estate investment and development company. Wall's early property deals, in the 1960s, were made in the suburbs of South Vancouver. [Harvnb|Ford|2002b] In the late 1980s, when the company acquired its first major downtown site, Wall became the corporation's majority owner with a 56% stake. By January 2008, its annual revenue was $199.5 million, with a net income of $24.5 million. [citation|chapter= Wall Financial Corp. (WFC:TSX) |title= BusinessWeek |url= |accessdate= 2008-05-27 ] At that time, the company was listed as owning and managing "980 rental residential units and 865 hotel rooms". [citation|chapter= Wall Financial Corp. (WFC:TSX) |title= BusinessWeek |url= |accessdate= 2008-05-27 ] The company has been described as a barometer of Vancouver's real-estate market; but Wall and his firm have also been accused of driving up land values themselves. [citation|last= Chow |first= Wyng |title= Surging Demand for Condos brings Ever-Higher Land Prices |newspaper= The Vancouver Sun |date= October 27, 2003 |page= F.3 |url= |accessdate= 2008-05-27 ]

Wall stepped down as Director and Chairman of the Board in 2005 and is now its Consultant and Advisor. [citation|chapter= Executive Profile: Peter Wall |title= BusinessWeek |url= |accessdate= 2008-05-27 ] Since 1994, the company's President has been Wall's nephew, Bruno Wall. [citation|chapter= Executive Profile: Bruno Wall |title= BusinessWeek |url= |accessdate= 2008-05-27 . For the relationship between Bruno and Peter, see citation|last= Parry |first= Malcolm |title= Rennie to Sell 'Front-Row seats' at Estates at Fairmont Pacific Rim |newspaper= The Vancouver Sun |date= July 13, 2006 |year= 2006 |page= C.3 |url= |accessdate= 2008-05-28 and Harvnb|Hasselback|2000.]

Vancouver real estate

Wall owes his success not only to hard work and an ability to anticipate the market but to the favourable economic and social conditions of Vancouver's 1990s and 2000s real-estate boom. [His "ability to divine [Vancouver's] ultra-competitive downtown development market" is described as "uncanny" by Ashley Ford (Harvnb|Ford|2002b); the realtor Bob Rennie, a friend of Wall's, has said that "no one can anticipate the market more precisely than Peter Wall" (Harvnb|Ford|2002a).] In his book "City of Glass" (2000), local novelist Douglas Coupland claims that real estate is "Vancouver's biggest sport [...] and is disturbingly central to the city's psyche. Real estate agents are local celebs of sorts". [Harvnb|Coupland|2000|p= 103]

In the early 1980s, the city experienced an economic recession as British Columbia's traditionally dominant lumber industry struggled. The most obvious consequence of the recession was a marked fall in property values. [Harvnb|Delany|1994|p= 13] In the next decade, however, Vancouver became less dependent on the economic fortunes of the rest of the province, and real-estate values held firm in the city even in 1991 when forest industries made record losses.Harvnb|Delany|1994|p= 14] During the seven years at the turn of the 1990s, Vancouver's economy grew faster than that of all but three other North American cities. According to cultural critic Paul Delany, writing in 1994, this success "may be credited to its relatively vital and efficient downtown core".

As Vancouver's economy continued to develop independently of its interior, the city also prospered from its location on the Pacific Rim. In particular, the 1990s saw an influx of immigrants and capital from Hong Kong in the lead-up to the colony's handover in 1997 from the British to the Chinese. As "The New York Times" noted in 1997, panic after the Tiananmen Square killings of 1989 "sent many Hong Kong families packing. They became rich overnight when they sold tiny apartments in Hong Kong for well over $1 million". Arriving in Canada, these wealthy immigrants in turn triggered "sky high real estate prices" in their new host city. [citation|last= DePalma |first= Anthony |title= For Many From Hong Kong, Vancouver Is a Way Station |newspaper= The New York Times |date= February 14, 1997 |year= 1997 |url= |accessdate= 2008-05-28 ] Vancouver architect Ron Yuen believes that they "also brought with them a strong sense of the economic value of land, a sense that has since been developed by local residents who buy condo units before buildings are constructed".citation|last= Smith |first= Charlie |title= Hong Kong Changed Us |newspaper= The Georgia Straight |date= June 28, 2007 |year= 2007 |url= |accessdate= 2008-05-28 ]

If the first two elements in Vancouver's late-20th-century transformation were the influx from Hong Kong and a dense downtown core that the city was interested in further developing, the third was what social planner Baldwin Wong called "a combination of developers’ expertise and the injection of new capital into the market". This was where Wall and others came to the fore in leading the residential development of the downtown peninsula. [Harvnb|Anonymous|2008] With mountains to the north and ocean to the west, there was, in the words of "The Globe and Mail" , "nowhere to go but up". [citation|last= Sullivan |first= Paul |title= Building stairways to heaven |newspaper= The Globe and Mail |place= Toronto |date= March 13, 2002 |year= 2002 |page= A.19 |url= |accessdate= 2008-05-28 ]

One Wall Centre

Wall's most famous building is One Wall Centre, part of the Wall Centre Complex in downtown Vancouver. Completed in 2001, it has been called "the crowning achievement of his life's work".Harvnb|Mackie|Reeder|2003|p= 17] The commissioned architect, Peter Busby, said that "Wall represents a dying breed — a client willing to take a risk to build a tower that will stand out". [citation|last= Allerton |first= Ron |title= Tallest Tower West of Toronto: One Wall Centre Will Rise 137 metres from Highest Point of Land in Downtown Vancouver |journal= Journal of Commerce |date= November 24, 1999 |year= 1999 |volume= 88 |issue= 94 |page= 1 |url= |accessdate= 2008-05-28 ] The building became, however, the object of a legal battle between Wall and the city.

At convert|137|m|ft, the tower was designed to exceed the height limit of convert|92|m|ft for the location. Toronto's "Financial Post" reported that Wall "obtained an exemption from the bylaw on his promise the tower's windows would be transparent", only for the city subsequently to sue on the basis that "the tower's windows were not transparent, and that the building threatened to be a 'dark, forbidding obelisk' on the highest ground in the downtown core". In turn, Wall counter-sued and offered the city $2–3 million if they would let him keep the dark glass. [Harvnb|Mackie|Reeder|2003|pp= 17, 18] In the course of the ensuing public debate, the building was nicknamed the "Death Star", and Wall, "Darth Vader". [Harvnb|Punter|2003|p= 343]

The issue was resolved by the installation of darker glass on the first 30 floors, and lighter glass from floors 32 to 48. Wall fitted each unit in the upper floors with dark blinds which, in the view of the authors of "Vancouver: The Unknown City", "mimic the original dark glass when closed". [Harvnb|Mackie|Reeder|2003|p= 18] In 2002, the building was named the previous year's "best new skyscraper" by [citation|title= One Wall Centre Honored with International Award |journal= Journal of Commerce |date= June 5, 2002 |year= 2002 |volume= 91 |issue= 44 |url= |accessdate= 2008-05-27 . These awards have now been renamed the Emporis Skyscraper Awards.] For Vancouver, some felt it showed that "if Mr. Wall has his way, laid-back Lotus Land is in for some flamboyant changes". [Harvnb|Weder|2001. This article goes into some detail about criticisms of Wall's approach, but argues that the Wall Centre controversy reduced his clout.]

Other construction projects

Wall's construction projects have included Capitol Residences, a 42-storey condominium tower on the site of Vancouver's Capitol Theatre, which incorporates an extension to the city's Orpheum Theatre. Wall said he was attracted to this project as a way to help the Vancouver Symphony Orchestra, whose home is the Orpheum. [citation|last= Ford |first= Ashley |title= Capital Coup for Music Lovers |newspaper= The Province |place= Vancouver |date= September 29, 2006 |year= 2006 |page= A.47 |url= |accessdate= 2008-05-27 ] The result was portrayed in "The Globe and Mail" as an attempt "to bring the tinsel back to downtown". [citation|last= Gordon |first= Thomasina |title= New Condo Tower takes Centre Stage |newspaper= The Globe and Mail |place= Toronto |date= March 2, 2007 |year= 2007 |url= |accessdate= 2008-05-27 ]

Among Wall's innovations was a car-sharing scheme to attract buyers to one of his properties. The idea was reported in 2003 as a ploy to sell more condos in an increasingly saturated market. [citation|last= Kennedy |first= Paul |title= Pooled Cars Latest Twist in Condo Marketing |newspaper= The Globe and Mail |place= Toronto |date= April 7, 2003 |year= 2003 |page= B.3 |url= |accessdate= 2008-05-27 ] In 2004, Wall was involved in the acquisition of Hastings Racecourse. At the time of the deal, he was described as "a renowned philanthropist, real estate baron and successful horse owner [with] a love for horse racing". [citation|last= Wolski |first= Tom |title= Hastings Changes Bode Well |newspaper= The Province |place= Vancouver |date= March 29, 2004 |year= 2004 |page= A.33 |url= |accessdate= 2007-05-27 . "The Blood-Horse" reports that he "has raced a number of stakes winners" (Harvnb|Ingwell Goode|2004).]

Wall's friend Bob Rennie, who has worked extensively with him, described the Wall formula as "Great location, smaller suites. Put in a Sub-Zero fridge and a Wolf range with red knobs, and they'll line up to buy it". [Harvnb|Parry|2008. On Rennie as "condo king", see the profile in citation|last= Hanley |first= William |title= Rennie a Winner at Vancouver's Main Game: Flogging Condos a Full-Contact Sport |newspaper= National Post |place= Toronto |date= February 25, 2006 |year= 2006 |page= FW.5 |url= |accessdate= 2008-05-28 . On the relationship between himself and Wall, Rennie has said, "I have coffee with Peter Wall every Sunday afternoon. He’s a dear friend and obviously a very important client" (citation|last= Paulson |first= Monte |title= Long Walk Home |newspaper= BC Business |date= March 1, 2008 |year= 2008 |url= |page= 3 ).] In May 2008, Wall Corporation bought a building at 1212 Howe Street in downtown Vancouver. In charge of the building's sales and marketing campaign, Rennie claimed that it "played right into Peter Wall's model of 'take a prime location and undersize the suites a bit' ". [citation|last= Sasges |first= Michael |title= The Old Will Become New Again: Remaking '80s Tower Creates Noteworthy Homes |newspaper= The Vancouver Sun |date= May 3, 2008 |year= 2008 |page= K.2 |url= |accessdate= 2008-05-27 .]

Many commentators argue that Vancouver's real-estate boom, which has been accused of increasing the divide between its rich and poor, [citation|last= McMartin |first= Pete |title= Locals Lose Out in City that's a Victim of its Own Success |newspaper= The Vancouver Sun |date= April 1, 2006 |year= 2006 |page= B.1 |url= |accessdate= 2008-05-28 ] is a bubble about to burst. [See citation|last= McCarthy |first= Bill |title= Local Housing Market will Reflect U.S. Problems |newspaper= Burnaby Now |date= April 23, 2008 |year= 2008 |page= 16 |url= |accessdate= 2008-05-28 and, for a national view that also encompasses Vancouver, citation|last= Holloway |first= Andy |title= Safe as Houses? |journal= Canadian Business |place= Toronto |date= April 28, 2008 |year= 2008 |volume= 81 |issue= 7 |pages= 42–43 |url= |accessdate= 2008-05-28 .] As of May 2008, Wall himself remained buoyant. "I'm trying to keep the price down, " he remarked, " so that everybody can make a deal that's equitable, and then we can all make money. To live in B.C., you're lucky. To live in the Lower Mainland, you're very lucky. To live in Vancouver and own real estate, you have won the lottery". [Harvnb|Parry|2008]


Wall has been described as a philanthropist, and donated $1 million to his alma mater, the University of British Columbia. He later provided the university with the money to found the Peter Wall Institute for Advanced Studies. [citation|last= Parry |first= Malcolm |title= Wilson's NDP Opponent White Has a Way with Wordsmiths |newspaper= The Vancouver Sun |date= October 17, 1991 |year= 1991 |page= A.2 |url= |accessdate= 2008-05-27 ] He provides annual financial support to the Canadian National Institute for the Blind [citation|last= O'Connor |first= Elaine |title= The Man behind the Deal |newspaper= The Province |date= March 23, 2004 |year= 2004 |page= A.5 |url= |accessdate= 2008-05-27 ] and helped the renowned Canadian architect Arthur Erickson keep tenancy of his house and garden after a bankruptcy. [Harvnb|Easton|Laskin|Mandell|2001| p= 109]



*. (See also [ the free version of this article] , while it remains in "The Vancouver Sun"'s online archives.)

Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Игры ⚽ Нужен реферат?

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Peter Wall Institute for Advanced Studies — Founded in 1991, the Peter Wall Institute for Advanced Studies is the senior research institute at the University of British Columbia. It supports basic research through collaborative, interdisciplinary initiatives. The Institute brings together… …   Wikipedia

  • Peter Laszlo Peri — (June 13, 1899 – January 19, 1967) was an artist, sculptor [ODNB article by [ Gillian Whiteley] , Peri, Peter Laszlo (1899–1967) , Oxford Dictionary of… …   Wikipedia

  • WALL-E — Logo de WALL E Données clés Titre original WALL E …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Peter Fechter — (January 14 1944 ndash; August 17 1962) was a German bricklayer from East Berlin, who, at the age of eighteen, became one of the first victims of the Berlin Wall s border guards. Background After World War II, Germany was governed jointly by an… …   Wikipedia

  • Peter L. Bernstein — (b. January 22, 1919) is an American author, economist, and educator.Early lifeBernstein graduated magna cum laude from Harvard College in 1941 with a bachelor s degree in economics. He was also elected to Phi Beta Kappa.After serving as a member …   Wikipedia

  • Peter Robinson (speechwriter) — Peter Mark Robinson (born 1957) is an American author, research fellow, television host and former speechwriter for then Vice President George H.W. Bush and President Ronald Reagan.Early lifeRobinson grew up in Vestal, New York. He attended… …   Wikipedia

  • Peter Cornelius —     Peter Cornelius     † Catholic Encyclopedia ► Peter Cornelius     Later when ennobled, VON CORNELIUS     Born at Düsseldorf, 23 September, 1783; died at Berlin, 6 March, 1867. In 1811 he went to Rome, where he stayed until 1819. Returning… …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • Peter Harding (climber) — Peter Reginald James Harding (30 December 1924 – 24 October 2007) was a British rock climber who was prominent in the sport during the period following World War II.Climbing careerHarding was born in Blackpool but raised in the East Midlands and… …   Wikipedia

  • WALL.E — WALL•E WALL•E Logo de Wall•E Titre original WALL•E Réalisation Andrew Stanton Scénario …   Wikipédia en Français

  • WALL·E — WALL•E WALL•E Logo de Wall•E Titre original WALL•E Réalisation Andrew Stanton Scénario …   Wikipédia en Français

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”