- Clark Kent (Smallville)
Clark Kent Smallville character
Clark's costume in season ten reflects his outfit in the first eight seasons, but with an additional embossed Superman shield.
First appearance "Pilot" Created by Character
Jerry Siegel & Joe Shuster
Developed for Television
Alfred Gough & Miles Millar
Portrayed by Tom Welling Information Aliases Kal-El (birth name)
Species Kryptonian Affiliations Justice League
Abilities Invulnerability, superhuman strength, speed and hearing, super breath, heat vision, X-ray vision, and flight
Clark Kent is a fictional character on the television series Smallville. The character of Clark Kent, first created for comic books by Jerry Siegel and Joe Shuster in 1938 as the alternate identity of Superman, was adapted to television in 2001 by Alfred Gough and Miles Millar—this is the fourth time the character has been adapted to a live-action television series. Clark Kent has been played continually by Tom Welling, with various other actors portraying Clark as a child. The character has also appeared in various literature based on the Smallville television series, none of which directly continues from or into the television episodes. As of 2011, Smallville's Clark Kent has appeared in eighteen young adult novels.
In the series, Clark Kent attempts to live the life of a normal human being, and struggles with keeping the secret of his alien heritage from his friends. He has an on-again, off-again relationship with Lana Lang through the first seven seasons, the trials of which are based on his lack of honesty about his secret. In contrast to previous incarnations of the character, this Clark Kent starts out best friends with Lex Luthor, whom he meets after saving the latter's life. The pair's friendship eventually deteriorates into hatred for one another. In Smallville, Clark's powers appear over time. He is not aware of all of his powers at the start of the show; for instance, his heat vision and super breath do not develop until season two and six, respectively.
When developing Smallville's version of Clark Kent, the producers decided to strip him down to the "bare essence" of Superman; he is also fallible, which allows the audience to see his humanity, but also "good to the core". In the series, he has even been seen by critics, and intentionally portrayed by the filmmakers, as a symbolic representation of Jesus Christ. Tom Welling has been nominated for multiple Teen Choice Awards and Saturn Awards for his portrayal of Clark Kent since the show began its first season.
Role in Smallville
Clark Kent first appears in the pilot episode of Smallville, as a teen with superhuman abilities, which he uses to help others in danger. Clark is adopted by Jonathan and Martha Kent (John Schneider and Annette O'Toole) as an infant when he crash lands on Earth on the day of the Smallville meteor shower in 1989. Twelve years later, trying to find his place in life after being told he is an alien by his adoptive father, Clark saves the life of billionaire Lex Luthor (Michael Rosenbaum), and the pair become quick friends. During season one, Clark struggles with the burden of keeping his powers a secret from those close to him; he is afraid to open up to Lana Lang (Kristin Kreuk) for fear that she will not accept him if she were to learn the truth about him. In the season two episode "Rosetta", Clark learns of his Kryptonian heritage, including his native language, his birth name "Kal-El" and that his birth father Jor-El (Terence Stamp) intends for him to rule the world. The fear that he will not be able to control his own destiny forces Clark to run away to Metropolis in the season two finale, leaving Lana, whom he had just started to develop a romantic relationship with, alone. In the season three premiere, three months later, Clark is brought home by his father, who makes a deal to let Jor-El take Clark when the time arrives. That time arrives in the season three finale, when a girl, referring to herself as "Kara", arrives at the Kent farm and claims to be from Krypton. After Kara predicts that Clark's friends will all either leave or betray him, Clark decides that it will be best for everyone if he just left Smallville. When Jonathan attempts to intervene, Jor-El threatens to kill Jonathan if Clark does not leave; to save Jonathan's life Clark agrees.
Clark returns to Smallville, in the season four premiere, "reprogrammed" by Jor-El to seek out the three stones of knowledge so he may fulfill his destiny; in the process, the reprogrammed Clark meets Lois Lane (Erica Durance), who is investigating the supposed death of her cousin, and Clark's best friend, Chloe Sullivan (Allison Mack). Clark, with Martha’s help, regains control over his body and refuses to look for the stones. In the season four finale, a "great evil" is awakened in space after Clark defies Jor-El’s instructions to obtain the three stones of knowledge. With a new meteor shower hitting Smallville, Clark finds the remaining stones and is transported to the Arctic, where the three stones create the Fortress of Solitude. In the season five premiere, Clark interrupts his training to return to Smallville, but when he fails to return to the Fortress before the Sun sets he is stripped of his powers. In season five's "Hidden", Clark begins an honest relationship with Lana, but is killed trying to save the town from a resident who hopes to kill all of the "meteor freaks". Jor-El resurrects his son, but warns him that someone he loves will eventually have to take his place. Clark worries about who will be sacrificed, and in the episode "Reckoning" Lana is killed, so Clark turns back time to save her. This results in Jonathan becoming the sacrifice, when he suffers a fatal heart attack.
In the season five finale, Clark battles Brainiac (James Marsters), a Kryptonian artificial intelligence in the form of a man, in his attempts to release the Kryptonian criminal Zod from the Phantom Zone. Clark fails, and Zod imprisons Clark in the Phantom Zone, while he sets out to conquer the Earth. In the season six premiere, Clark is able to escape the Phantom Zone—inadvertently releasing several of the prisoners in the process—and returns to Smallville to defeat Zod. The Phantom Zone escapees become Clark's primary focus in season six, as well as Lana's relationship with Lex, which eventually turns into marriage by the season six episode "Promise". The season six finale reveals that the last of the Phantom Zone criminals is really a genetic experiment created by Kryptonian scientists. The escapee attacks Clark, cloning his DNA, and becomes Clark's doppelgänger. Clark, with assistance from John Jones (Phil Morris), defeats his duplicate in the season seven premiere. In season seven, Clark discovers that a secret society known as Veritas was aware of his landing in Smallville during the first meteor shower and that they knew of a means to control him. In the season seven finale, Clark is confronted by Lex, who has the device and has discovered his secret, at the Fortress of Solitude. Lex uses the device, which brings the Fortress down around him and Clark.
In the season eight premiere, it is revealed that the orb does not allow anyone to control Clark, but merely strips Clark of his powers. Wandering the globe with Russian gangsters, Clark is eventually found and rescued by Oliver Queen (Justin Hartley) and John Jones, the latter of who flies Clark to the yellow Sun and restores Clark's powers. At the end of the episode, Clark takes a job at the Daily Planet, sitting across from Lois. During season eight, Clark uses his new job at the Daily Planet to gain access to information and stop crime around the city. In "Identity", Jimmy Olsen (Aaron Ashmore) takes a photo of Clark in which he is moving so quickly one can only see a red and blue blur; Clark in later episodes adopts the name "Red-Blue Blur" as his own superhero moniker. In the later half of season eight, Clark wrestles with the idea of having to kill Davis Bloome (Sam Witwer), who is revealed to be Doomsday in the episode "Bloodline", a genetically engineered creature created by General Zod to kill Clark and destroy Earth. With Oliver Queen and the other Justice Leaguers pressuring him to kill Davis/Doomsday in the season eight finale, Clark ultimately decides to separate Davis's personality from the creature's, and bury Doomsday a mile underground. When Davis subsequently kills Jimmy, Clark tells Chloe that his human-learned emotions have caused him the most trouble—most recently resulting in Jimmy's death—and vows that "Clark Kent is dead".
At the start of season nine, it is revealed that Clark has begun his training with Jor-El, and while he rescues people around Metropolis he wears his family crest on his chest to remind him of what his true destiny is. After realizing there are other, powerless Kryptonians on Earth, who are being led by Zod (Callum Blue), Clark decides to try and help them adjust to living as humans. When Clark uses his own blood to bring Zod back to life, after being shot, Zod is renewed with his full Kryptonian powers. Zod then provides the other Kryptonians with their powers and sets them out to destroy the world so that they can turn it into a new Krypton. This season, Lois and Clark officially begin a romantic relationship, while Lois also begins assisting "The Blur" in his heroic endeavors. Lois's trust in Clark is shaken when she thinks Clark is jealous of her relationship with "The Blur", and that he does not understand her need to find value in her own life's work. Ultimately, Clark kiss Lois, while he is "the Blur", in the season nine finale and unknowingly reveals to her the truth. Afterward, he convinces the Kryptonians to leave Earth for a new, uninhabited planet. Clark then sacrifices his own life to send Zod through a portal and off of Earth.
Season ten begins with Clark stuck in the afterlife, where Jor-El informs him that a great darkness is coming to Earth. Clark is unknowingly resurrected by Lois, who is now aware that he is the Blur. Jor-El also informs Clark that he is not ready to be Earth's true savior, as there are inner demons that Clark must deal with first. In the episode "Homecoming", Clark is visited by Brainiac 5, who shows Clark how his past has shaped his present and will one day shape his future; this includes showing Clark his future self and what he will be capable of when he has fully embraced his destiny. Clark reveals his secret to Lois, who explains that she already knew, in the episode "Isis"; he later proposes marriage in "Icarus". In the episode "Masquerade", Clark realizes that in order to be the hero the world needs he will have to step out of the shadows and into the light. As a result, Clark makes the decision to turn "Clark Kent" into his real disquise—opting to wear eye glasses and alter his mannerisms to be more mild mannered—so that the Blur does not have to hide his face to the world. By the series finale, the darkness, which is revealed to be Darkseid, arrives to Earth to enslave all of humanity. After realizing that his entire life has been one big trial by Jor-El, Clark accepts his true destiny and gains the ability to fly. He then receives the costume Martha made for him and saves Earth from Darkseid's coming Apokolips. Moving into the future seven years, Clark and Lois are finally getting married and Clark has embraced his new identity as "Superman".
Throughout the series, Clark gains and adjusts to new abilities. In season one it was X-ray vision, heat vision in season two, and super hearing in season three. Clark unofficially flew in the season four premiere, when he was reprogrammed as "Kal-El" by his biological father; upon regaining his memory he forgot how to use the ability. It would be season six before Clark would gain a new ability, this time it was his super breath. By the series finale, Clark did learn to control his flight capability. Clark also learns of new vulnerabilities as the series progresses. In the first season it was the "green meteor rocks" (kryptonite) that would weaken and potentially kill him. Various other forms of kryptonite appeared as the show continued, each with a different effect. Red kryptonite removed Clark's inhibitions. It allows Clark the chance to get things off his chest, without worrying about whether he should bring them up to people. Black kryptonite separated his Kryptonian personality from his humanity into two distinct physical forms, silver kryptonite made him paranoid to the point that he believed everyone wanted to exploit his secret, and blue kryptonite completely stripped him of all his abilities for as long as he stayed in contact with it. Subsequent seasons also revealed that Clark is vulnerable to alien weapons and magic.
In October 2000, producers Al Gough and Miles Millar began their search for the three lead roles, and had casting directors in ten different cities looking at actors. After months of scouting, Tom Welling was cast as Clark Kent. Jensen Ackles was the runner up for the role of Clark Kent in the pilot, he would go on to play Jason Teague as a season four regular. Next to Welling, there have been three actors who have portrayed a "young Clark". Malkolm Alburquenque portrayed a three-year-old Clark in the pilot episode, and in the season two episode "Lineage". Brandon Fonseca would pick up the role of "young Clark" in the season five episode "Vengeance", and in the season eight episode "Abyss", Jackson Warris would fill in the role. In an alternate reality, as depicted in the seventh season episode "Apocalypse", the role of a teenage, human Clark Kent is portrayed by Brett Dier.
The pilot director, David Nutter, was looking through pictures of actors and stumbled upon Tom Welling's image. When he asked about Welling, the casting director said Welling's manager did not want him to do the role because it could hurt his feature film career. After a conversation with Welling's manager, Nutter got Welling to read the script for the pilot, which convinced him to do the part. Welling's initial fear, and part of the reason why he did not immediately jump at the chance to play Clark Kent, was that the show as going to be "Superman in High School". After reading the script he realized that the show was not about Clark "being a super hero", but more about the character attempting to live a normal life as a teenager.
When Tom Welling came in to audition for the role he was not sure how to prepare. While waiting for his turn, he realized that the character is one thing above all else – "a high school kid". To Welling, simply acting like he was a "normal kid"—instead of trying to act like a super hero—was the perfect way to embody the character. Welling realized that by doing that, the special effects and other production elements could fill in the holes that would perfect the character on screen. For one of his auditions, he read the graveyard scene with Kristin Kreuk—the first actor to be cast for the show—and the network thought they had "great chemistry".
Welling was generally unfamiliar with the Superman mythology, so much so that when an episode of Lois and Clark: The New Adventures of Superman appeared on television that featured Clark learning about his Kryptonian heritage, Welling immediately turned the show off. According to Welling, he wanted to learn about Clark’s heritage at the same time that Clark was learning about it on Smallville. Welling believes that it is important for him to learn with the character, as it helps him be the Clark Kent that Al Gough and Miles Millar envision. The actor believes his lack of knowledge of the Superman mythology helps his performance, because Gough and Millar have set up the series so that the previous mythology is not as important. Welling also enjoys that he is in the same predicament as Clark with the fact that he does not know the future of his character, beyond the fact that he will be "Superman". When Welling landed the role of Clark Kent he was sent various Superman-related gifts, including books and toys, which Welling plans to leave unopened until the show is over so that he does not influence his decision making with the character. Welling has also been adamant since the beginning that he did not sign on to play Superman, and has no intention of wearing the costume. The actor reiterated this point while filming season four, insisting that he is here to show how the character evolves into what could "potentially" lead him down the path to wearing the tights. While filming, Welling is allowed input into how his character responds to certain situations, including: moving the scene from one room to another, or requesting the director film particular mannerisms he plans to give off to emphasize a specific emotion.
Early in the series, Clark is still learning how to handle his life, by learning to control his powers and find the best solution for everyone. His main priority in season one is to fit in with his friends at school, and be "an average guy". Clark’s biggest problem in season one is the fact that he cannot share his secret with anyone he cares about. According to Welling, "He is burdened with a lot of responsibility. He hasn’t been able to choose whether or not he has these abilities. All this responsibility has just been thrust on him, and he has to deal with it. There have got to be times when he goes home and thinks to himself, ‘Why me?’ He wishes it could all go away and he could just be normal. That’s part of the character dilemma which makes him interesting to play." Welling notes that the show is not about Clark always saving the day, but more about how using his powers to help other people "alienate[s] him from others". By that reason, Welling reasons that by the end of season three, Clark had decided that leaving Smallville and going with Jor-El was something that would save everyone a lot of pain in the long run. Tom Welling describes why Clark finally gave in to Jor-El at the end of season three:
"If you can't fight them, you might as well join them [...] he was choosing the lesser of two evils to go with Jor-El. I think a combination of those two things would probably sum it up. A lot of times in your life, you get to a point where you go, 'I just can't fight this anymore. There's nothing I can do about it, so I better get up out of bed and go to work!' And in a sense, that's what Clark had to do. Somehow he had to try to face what it was that was causing him so much pain—and everyone else so much pain—and maybe he reasoned that by causing everyone else a little bit of pain, he could save them a lot of pain in the long run."
A significant moment in the character’s story came when Clark decided play football in season four; this would provide conflict between him and his father for half the season. Writer Darren Swimmer refers to his moment as a "callback to [Hothead]" in season one. To him, when Clark defies Jonathan and joins the team anyway, it signifies the moment where Jonathan finally decides that he can trust Clark to not hurt anyone. Writer Todd Slavkin views it as Clark finally emerging from his father’s shadow. Two more significant moments came during season five. First, Clark lost his powers when he failed to return to Jor-El to finish his training; this left him human and vulnerable. According to Welling, "[Clark] learned a little bit more about what it’s like to be human, physically. Emotionally, he’s pretty close to trying to understand that. It added more weight to his abilities once he got them back, and it made him realize his responsibilities for what he has." The second moment came with the show’s 100th episode, with the death of Clark’s father. The decision to kill Jonathan is season five was made so that Clark could finally step into his destiny. As Gough explains, season five was about Clark the boy becoming Clark the man, and embracing his destiny. In order to do that he would need his mentor to die, so that no one would be "buffering" or "shielding" him from the world any longer. Welling saw the series’ 100th episode as the chance for his character to evolve, and grow. John Schneider sees the same catalyst for Clark’s evolution. According to Schneider, Jonathan’s death inspires Clark to make the move toward his eventual destiny. Jonathan provided such an example of sacrifice that it leaves a void in Clark. To fill that void Clark will have to become Superman. It is Schneider’s contention that had Jonathan not been the man he was then, when the time came that the world needed Superman, Clark would not be able to take on that persona because he would not realize that that world needed him.
Writer Holly Harold notes that the introduction of Green Arrow (Justin Hartley) allows Clark to mature more in the sixth season. Clark was able to see how others can achieve the same goal as him, but with an alternative route that may cross the moral lines a few times. This teaches Clark to start thinking about things from his opponents’ perspective. Ultimately, season six was about Clark learning that it will be the human side of him that allows him to become the hero he needs to be; writer Turi Meyer sums this up as "soon-to-be Man of Steel". Each season Clark gains insight into how not to use your abilities, from the kryptonite-mutated villains that he faces who gain abilities and then use them for crime. In later seasons, Clark sees how those that use their abilities for good still have questionable actions, specifically Arthur Curry (Alan Ritchson) and Andrea Rojas (Denise Quiñones), though Clark does help them "take the high road". These episode reiterate the effect that Clark’s parents had on how he uses his abilities. Clark also learns that he cannot do everything alone, even though he chooses not to join Oliver’s team of superheroes at the end of "Justice". For Meyer, season six shows that Clark is still struggling to accept his destiny, which he needs to do one hundred percent, but that he does make steps toward the day that he puts on the cape and becomes Superman.
The idea Gough and Millar came up with for the show's version of Clark Kent was to strip Superman down to his "bare essence", and see the reasons behind why Clark became Superman. For Smallville, Clark is meant to be seen as fallible – not beyond making the choice. As Gough explains, "The thing that we’ve tried to portray [...] is that Clark doesn’t always make the right decisions, and by not making the right decisions, he brings further consequences on himself. Whether it’s running away from Jor-El at the end of season two, or choosing humanity over some sort of Kryptonian mission, those decisions get him in more trouble, and cause more people to suffer, or in Jonathan Kent’s case, to die." Welling agrees with Gough's opinion of Clark’s fallibility, stating that the mistakes that Clark makes show his humanity.
Even though Clark can make the wrong choices, season five’s "Aqua" helps illustrate the concept that Clark is "good to the core". The episode shows how protective he can be over someone, even when that person annoys him. In this case, he was trying to warn Lois that Arthur Curry may not be the man she believes him to be. The idea of Clark being "good to the core" is echoed by Seattle Times' Julia Waterhous, who notes that Clark, despite all his flaws, always puts others before himself. Welling’s fellow actors also have their own insights into the character. Kristin Kreuk sees Clark as a “kindred spirit” who is sad, lonely, but also endearing; whereas John Schneider classifies Clark as a "special needs child".
Just like with his comic book counterpart, Smallville’s Clark Kent is seen as a symbolic representation of Jesus Christ. Established early on, the pilot episode contains a moment when Clark is crucified to a scarecrow post during a high school hazing. The Pittsburgh Post-Gazette’s Rob Owen noted the Christ-like imagery of the scene, stating, "Is it any wonder Clark gets tied up there since Superman, too, was 'sent to save us'?" Echoing Owen, Judge Byun identifies the same symbolism: "Superman is, in a way, the secular pop culture stand-in for Jesus Christ, a messiah figure for our generation. The series makes this theme explicit in its pilot episode, in which Clark is symbolically 'crucified' in a cornfield. That striking bit of symbolism becomes the central preoccupation of the series; Clark is the savior who sacrifices all for the greater good of humanity, and Smallville shows us how he comes to accept and embrace that role."
This is extended to the end of season nine, where Clark sacrifices his own life in the finale to send General Zod and the rest of the Kandorians to their own world to live in peace. In doing so, Clark falls off a building "in full crucifixion pose, driving home the point that he is sacrificing himself for the good of the planet". To this point, Cinemafantastique's Tom Powers suggests that these images and metaphorical emphasis through dialogue exchanges come across so "heavy-handed" that a very devout individual might find them offensive.
In addition to religious allusions, the crew uses color schemes and camera movement to create their own themes for the characters. Since the show is told from Clark’s point of view, particular visual elements are utilized to illustrate a particular characteristic. When he is safe at home the colors used to illustrate the environment are "warm and gentle", with an earth tone; the camera movement is also "very gentle". When Clark is keeping his secret, but there is no danger around, the lighting is more neutral and the camera moves around more. When there is danger the lighting becomes colder, and the camera shifts to a handheld to allow for more "extreme angles".
Clark displays an ever evolving relationship with the other characters of the show. Clark’s relationship with Lex Luthor is a symbolic one, with the two sharing a "yin and yang" type of relationship. In the pilot, Clark first saves Lex from drowning when they get into a car accident; at the end of the episode, Lex saves Clark when he is strung up in the cornfield and immobilized by kryptonite. His relationship with Lex is tested by his lack of honesty, just like it is with Lana for the first six seasons; the same can be said for Lex’s dishonesty with Clark. Both characters want to be completely honest with each other, but they know that they cannot and that inhibits their friendship.
His relationship with Lana Lang is one of Smallville’s central relationships. When Clark and Lana meet in the cemetery Clark realizes that he has found someone who understands him, and that he can talk to, even though it is not in as strong of a way that he would like. Although Clark feels close to Lana, his fear that she will “kick him out of her life” if she learns his secret—that he came in the meteor shower that killed her parents—is strong enough to keep him from being as close to her as he possibly could be. The lack of honesty causes issues between them. Judge Byun wonders how this Clark Kent will have room in his heart for Lois Lane later in life, as the character bounces back and forth between Lana and Chloe with his love in the first season.
With Lana’s boyfriend gone by season two, the door opens up for Clark to step in, but Welling states that he understands why the producers continued to keep Clark and Lana apart in season two, even after Whitney was gone: "There’s the cliché that television shows with a main lover interest fail once they get it together." After briefly being together at the beginning of the fifth season, Clark’s upbringing was not enough to help him cope with the loss of Lana to Lex toward the end of season five. Welling admits that Clark has learned to let Lana make her own choices and not stand in her way, but his problem with her relationship with Lex is that Lex is a dangerous individual and it puts Lana’s safety in jeopardy. Apart from that, Clark has learned to walk the lonely road of a hero. His inability to cope with Lana moving on with Lex is carried over to season six. This season was the time the writers put Clark through an "emotional wringer" when they had Lana accept Lex’s marriage proposal. For writer Kelly Souders, this presents Clark’s worst fear—the woman he loves is marrying his worst enemy.
Apart from Lana, Clark also has an ever growing relationship with Lois—in the comics, Lois and Clark are married. Season five sees the "melting of the ice" between the two characters, who continue to "butt heads". Executive producer Darren Swimmer believes that the audience can finally start to see a growing attraction between the two, and the fact that both would be there for the other in a time of need. Erica Durance believes that Lois in season five, because of her self-imposed walls, would laugh off any notion that she had a romantic interest in Clark, even if that notion was true. In season six, Durance describes the relationship between Lois and Clark as something neither character wants to put an official label on. Instead, Durance believes that, by this point in the series, Clark and Lois are satisfied with identifying with a "brother-sister friendship" label, than trying to discover how each truly feels. By season eight, Durance notes that Lois is finally starting to accept the idea that she may be in love with Clark more than she has with anyone else in her life.
For most of the series, Clark does not wear any sort of costume when he fights crime or battles villains. From seasons one through eight, Clark is also typically dressed in red, yellow and blue, the traditional colors of the Superman costume, as well as the colors of the "All American", red, white, and blue. This includes the primary usage of either a blue t-shirt underneath a red jacket, or a red t-shirt worn under a blue jacket. In season nine, the producers decided to design an actual costume for Clark to wear while he is patrolling the streets of Metropolis. Abandoning the theme of red, blue, and yellow, the producers chose to keep the costume completely black, save for a silver Superman "S" shield painted on the front of Clark's shirt. Instead of a cape, Clark's red jacket is traded for a black trenchcoat, which is intended to double as a cape. Clark's season nine costume drew unfavorable comparison to the character of Neo from The Matrix film series, because of the color scheme and use of a trenchcoat. It was also compared to the black suit Superman wore after being resurrected following his death at the hands of Doomsday. In the season ten premiere, the audience gets its first glimpse at the traditional Superman costume, which was left for Clark by Martha in the season nine finale. Although the suit was briefly seen through a reflection in Clark's eyes in the season nine finale, the suit that appears in the season ten premiere is a different design. The producers, working alongside Warner Bros. and DC Comics, managed to procure the costume worn by Brandon Routh in Superman Returns. The team of individuals chose the Brandon Routh version over the Christopher Reeve suit of the 1980s. DC Comics offered the suit worn by Christopher Reeve, but Peterson explained, "[it] just didn't quite fit with our world." According to producer Kelly Souders, "Well, the process was really a group effort. We worked with DC, and we have Alicia Louis, who does a lot of stuff for us at the studio, and who was really instrumental. It took quite a bit to get that costume. There’s a lot of sign-offs, it really was Warner Bros. and DC and us working to make it happen." Peterson confirmed that the costume would play a more prominent role in the final season, even going as far as to hint that the last scene of Smallville will see Clark wearing it. In the meantime, Clark began wearing a new costume in the season ten episode "Shield". Here, Clark has replaced the black trenchoat with a red leather jacket, and the "S" shield is now embossed onto the chest of the jacket.
In 2002, Welling was nominated for his first Saturn Award for Best Actor in a Television series, for his portrayal of Clark Kent in Smallville. Following that nomination, Welling was nominated for another four consecutive years, 2003 to 2006, for the Saturn Award for Best Actor in a Television series. The same year he was nominated for a Saturn Award, Welling won a Teen Choice Award for Choice Breakout TV Star, Male for his role as Clark Kent in the first season of Smallville. Although he has not won a Teen Choice Award since, just like with the Saturn Awards, he has been nominated for Choice Actor in television for the four consecutive years after his win, 2003 to 2006, Although he was not nominated in 2007, he did receive recognition with a nomination in 2008 and 2009 for Choice Male in an Action/Adventure series. Welling was also nominated for the 2006 Teen Choice Awards for Most Beautiful Couple (TV — Choice Chemistry), with his co-star Kristin Kreuk. In the 2009 Teen Choice Awards, Tom Welling received the award for Choice TV Actor — Action Adventure.
Bryan Byun, of DVD Verdict, believes that Welling was the perfect choice for Clark Kent: "I can't imagine a more ideal actor to play this superpowered farm boy than Tom Welling, with his wholesome, honest face and heroic good looks—Welling not only resembles Christopher Reeve physically, but has all of the earnest charm that made Reeve the quintessential Superman." The Free Lance–Star's Ron Hedelt likened Welling's performances as Clark Kent to that of Christopher Reeve's performances in the Superman films, stating that Welling manages portray a "sweet, unassuming teenager" while showing Clark struggle with the truth about himself. Comics2Film's Rob Worley also made note of the physical resemblance Welling has to Christopher Reeve, and notes that the actor gives the character depth with his convincing portrayal of Clark's longing to fit in. When comparing Smallville's Clark Kent to Bryan Singer's Superman (Brandon Routh), in Superman Returns, Seattle Times' Julia Waterhous finds Smallville's Clark Kent to be the more intriguing character. Waterhous explains that it is the inner turmoil of Clark—not being able to tell the people he loves his secret—and the fact that no matter what his faults are he continues to put others before himself, remains "pure and good", and allows the audience to become intimate with the character—something lacking in the film version. According to the Associated Press, Welling's popularity as Clark Kent on Smallville even had fans of the show wishing that he would take the role Routh received in Superman Returns.
Other media appearances
Smallville's Clark Kent has also appeared in various young adult novels. There have been two series of novels published since the second season of the show began airing. One series was published by Aspect publishing. They published eight young adult novels in total, beginning in October 2002 and ending in March 2004. The second series was published by Little, Brown Young Readers, beginning in October 2002, alongside Aspect’s series of novels. Ten young adult novels were published until April 2004.
Clark first appeared in literature on October 1, 2002, when Aspect and Little, Brown Young Readers released three different novels—one from Aspect and two from Little, Brown Young Readers. In Aspect’s novel, Smallville: Strange Visitors, which was written by Roger Stern, Clark attempts to stop two religious con-men from robbing the town with their kryptonite-enhanced spiritual seminars. Little, Brown Young Readers's first novel, Arrival, chronicles the events of the show’s pilot as written by author Michael Teitelbaum. Their second book, See No Evil, which was written by Cherie Bennett and Jeff Gottesfeld—who have also written various episodes of the show—features Clark trying to stop Dawn Mills, a young actress who wants to attend Juilliard and has the ability to turn invisible, from hurting people who spoke badly of her behind her back.
On November 1, 2002, Alan Grant’s wrote Smallville: Dragon, which had Clark being hypnotized into believing that he is a normal, human teenager, with no abilities. Little, Brown Young Readers’ Flight featured Clark trying to lend emotional support to a young girl, Tia, whom Clark discovers has full-sized wings. The next novel, Hauntings, follows Clark and his friends as they investigate a ghostly presence in one of Smallville’s haunted houses. Animal Rage follows Clark as he tries to stop an animal rights activist when she tries to hurt the people harming animals in Smallville. Aspect brought in Dean Wesley Smith for their next novel. Whodunit involves Clark, Chloe, Lana and Pete investigating the murder of a boy and his sister.
Little, Brown Young Readers published their next two books in April and June 2003. The first, Speed, has Clark fighting hate crimes in Smallville. The second, Buried Secrets, follows Clark and Lex as they both fall in love with a mind-reading, substitute Spanish teacher. In the novel, Clark and Lex’s friendship is put in jeopardy as the two compete for the teacher’s love. On September 9, 2004, Aspect published Shadows, where Clark must stop a girl's scientist father, who has created a monster that is killing people. Runaway features Clark leaving Smallville and living on the streets of Metropolis with other homeless teenagers. Clark falls in love with one of the girls before eventually returning home. Smallville: Silence has Clark and his friends investigating the appearance of zombies. Little, Brown Young Readers' Greed follows Clark and his friends as they take jobs as summer counselors to disadvantaged youths. Pete tries to abuse Clark’s abilities by tricking him into playing in a basketball game, and then betting on the outcome.
Alan Grant returned for a second outing to write Curse, about a grave digger that unleashes a 150 year old curse onto Smallville, and Clark’s attempt to put everything back to the way it was. In Temptation, Clark uses red kryptonite to try and impress Lana and Chloe after they become infatuated with a new, French foreign exchange student. Aspect released their final novel on March 1, 2004; written by Devin K. Grayson, City chronicles Clark and Lex's trip to Metropolis. While in the city, the pair gets caught between the Japanese mafia and a secret agent who believes he has found an alien. In Little, Brown Young Readers’ final novel, written by Cherie Bennett, Sparks features Clark trying to save Chloe after she is exposed to a kryptonite fireworks display that makes her the desire of every man—for one of the men, when the desire wears off he decides that he really does want Chloe and kidnaps her.
DC Direct has released action figures for Clark Kent, along with other Smallville characters. The first set of action figures was released on October 2, 2002, and was modeled after Clark's appearance in the first season. The second series was released on May 7, 2008 and was designed after Clark's appearance in the season six episode "Justice".
- ^ a b c Simpson, Paul, (Season 1 Companion) pp.8–17
- ^ a b Byrne, Craig, (Season 5 Companion) pg.124
- ^ a b "Pilot". Alfred Gough, Miles Millar (writers) & David Nutter (director). Smallville. The WB. October 16, 2001. No. 1, season 1. 42 minutes in.
- ^ a b c Simpson, Paul (2004). Smallville: The Official Companion Season 1. London: Titan Books. pp. 8–17. ISBN 1840237955.
- ^ "Rosetta". Alfred Gough, Miles Millar (writers) & James Marshall (director). Smallville. The WB. February 25, 2003. No. 17, season 2. 42 minutes in.
- ^ "Exodus". Alfred Gough, Miles Millar (writers) & Greg Beeman (director). Smallville. The WB. May 20, 2003. No. 23, season 2. 42 minutes in.
- ^ "Phoenix". Kelly Souders, Brian Peterson (writers) & James Marshall (director). Smallville. The WB. October 3, 2003. No. 2, season 3. 42 minutes in.
- ^ "Covenant". Miles Millar, Alfred Gough (writers) & Greg Beeman (director). Smallville. The WB. May 19, 2004. No. 22, season 3. 42 minutes in.
- ^ a b c "Crusade". Miles Millar, Alfred Gough (writers) & Greg Beeman (director). Smallville. The WB. September 22, 2004. No. 1, season 4. 42 minutes in.
- ^ "Commencement". Todd Slavkin, Darren Swimmer (writers) & Greg Beeman (director). Smallville. The WB. May 18, 2005. No. 22, season 4.
- ^ "Arrival". Todd Slavkin, Darren Swimmer(writers) & James Marshall (director). Smallville. The WB. September 29, 2005. No. 1, season 5. 42 minutes in.
- ^ "Hidden". Kelly Souders, Brian Peterson (writers) & Whitney Ransick (director). Smallville. The WB. October 13, 2005. No. 3, season 5.
- ^ "Reckoning". Kelly Souders, Brian Peterson (writers) & Greg Beeman (director). Smallville. The WB. January 26, 2006. No. 12, season 5.
- ^ "Vessel". Brian Peterson, Kelly Souders (writers) & James Marshall (director). Smallville. The WB. May 11, 2006. No. 22, season 5.
- ^ "Zod". Steven S. DeKnight (writer) & James Marshall (director). Smallville. The WB. September 28, 2006. No. 1, season 6. 42 minutes in.
- ^ "Static". Shintaro Shimosawa, James Morris (writers) & James Conway (director). Smallville. The WB. November 16, 2006. No. 8, season 6. 42 minutes in.
- ^ "Promise". Kelly Souders, Brian Peterson (writer) & Rick Rosenthal (director). Smallville. The WB. March 15, 2007. No. 16, season 6. 42 minutes in.
- ^ "Phantom". Todd Slavkin, Darren Swimmer (writers) & James Marshall (director). Smallville. The WB. May 17, 2007. No. 22, season 6. 42 minutes in.
- ^ "Bizarro". Brian Peterson, Kelly Souders, (writers) & Michael Rohl (director). Smallville. The CW. September 27, 2007. No. 1, season 7.
- ^ "Veritas". Kelly Souders, Brian Peters (writers) & James Marshall (director). Smallville. The CW. February 13, 2008. No. 15, season 7.
- ^ "Arctic". Don Whitehead, Holly Henderson (writers) & Todd Slavkin (director). Smallville. The CW. May 15, 2008. No. 20, season 7.
- ^ "Odyssey". Kelly Souders, & Brian Peterson (writers) & Kevin Fair (director). Smallville. The CW. September 18, 2008. No. 1, season 8.
- ^ "Prey". Kelly Souders, Brian Peterson (writers) & Michael Rohl (director). Smallville. The CW. October 23, 2008.
- ^ "Identity". Todd Slavkin, Darren Swimmer (writers) & Mairzee Almas (director). Smallville. The CW. October 30, 2008.
- ^ "Bloodline". Caroline Dries (writer) & Michael Rohl (director). Smallville. The CW. November 6, 2008.
- ^ "Doomsday". Brian Peterson, Kelly Souders (writers) & James Marshall (director). Smallville. The CW. May 14, 2009.
- ^ "Savior". Brian Peterson, Kelly Souders (writers) & Kevin Fair (director). Smallville. The CW. September 25, 2009.
- ^ "Savior". Al Septien, Turi Meyer(writers) & Jeannot Szwarc (director). Smallville. The CW. November 6, 2009.
- ^ "Upgrade". Drew Landis, Julia Swift (writers) & Michael Rohl (director). Smallville. The CW. April 16, 2010.
- ^ a b "Salvation". l Septien, Turi Meyer (writers) & Greg Beeman (director). Smallville. The CW. May 14, 2010.
- ^ "Idol". Anne Cofell Saunders (writer) & Glen Winter (director). Smallville. The CW. November 13, 2009.
- ^ "Hostage". Jordan Hawley, Anne Cofell Saunders (writers) & Glen Winter (director). Smallville. The CW. May 7, 2010.
- ^ "Lazarus". Don Whitehead, Holly Henderson (writers) & Kevin Fair (director). Smallville. The CW. September 24, 2010.
- ^ "Homecoming". Brian Peterson, Kelly Souders (writers) & Jeannot Szwarc (director). Smallville. The CW. October 15, 2010.
- ^ "Isis". Genevieve Sparling (writer) & James Marshall (director). Smallville. The CW. October 22, 2010.
- ^ "Homecoming". Genevieve Sparling (writer) & Mairzee Almas (director). Smallville. The CW. December 10, 2010.
- ^ "Masquerade". Bryan Q. Miller (writer) & Tim Scanlan (director). Smallville. The CW. February 18, 2011.
- ^ a b "Finale". Al Septien, Turi Meyer (Part 1), Brian Peterson, Kelly Souders (Part 2) (writers), Kevin Fair (Part 1), Greg Beeman (Part 2) (directors). Smallville. The CW. May 13, 2011.
- ^ a b c d Simpson, Paul (March 1, 2005). Smallville: The Official Companion Season 2. Titan Books. pp. 116–119. ISBN 18400239476.
- ^ "X-Ray". Mark Verheiden (writer) & James Frawley (director). Smallville. The WB. November 6, 2001. No. 4, season 1. 42 minutes in.
- ^ "Heat". Mark Verheiden (writer) & James Marshall (director). Smallville. The WB. October 1, 2002. No. 2, season 2. 42 minutes in.
- ^ "Whisper". Ken Horton (writer) & Tom Wright (director). Smallville. The WB. January 21, 2004. No. 10, season 3.
- ^ "Sneeze". Todd Slavkin, Darren Swimmer (writers) & Paul Shapiro (director). Smallville. The WB. October 6, 2006. No. 2, season 6.
- ^ "Red". Jeph Loeb (writer) & Jeff Woolnough (director). Smallville. The WB. October 15, 2002. No. 4, season 2. 42 minutes in.
- ^ "Splinter". Steven S. DeKnight (writer) & James Marshall (director). Smallville. The WB. November 10, 2005. No. 7, season 5.
- ^ "Blue". Todd Slavkin, Darren Swimmer (writers) & Glen Winter (director). Smallville. The WB. November 15, 2007. No. 8, season 7.
- ^ "Wither". Tracy Bellamo (writer) & Whitney Ransick (director). Smallville. The WB. October 12, 2006. No. 3, season 6.
- ^ "Spell". Steven S. DeKnight (writer) & Jeannot Szwarc (director). Smallville. The WB. November 10, 2004. No. 8, season 4.
- ^ a b "Metamorphosis" commentary by Al Gough and Miles Millar (DVD). Warner Bros. Television. 2002.
- ^ Byrne, Craig (September 4, 2007). Smallville: The Official Companion Season 4. Titan Books. p. 124. ISBN 1840239573.
- ^ "Pilot overview". The New York Times. http://tv.nytimes.com/episode/20946/Smallville/overview. Retrieved December 31, 2008.
- ^ "Lineage overview". The New York Times. http://tv.nytimes.com/episode/29774/Smallville/overview. Retrieved December 31, 2008.
- ^ "Vengeance overview". The New York Times. http://tv.nytimes.com/episode/54231/Smallville/overview. Retrieved December 31, 2008.
- ^ "Abyss overview". The New York Times. http://tv.nytimes.com/episode/82644/Smallville/overview. Retrieved December 31, 2008.
- ^ "Apocalypse overview". The New York Times. http://tv.nytimes.com/episode/74859/Smallville/overview. Retrieved December 31, 2008.
- ^ "Pilot" commentary by Al Gough, Miles Millar and David Nutter (DVD). Warner Bros. Television. 2002.
- ^ a b c d e f g Simpson, Paul, (Season 1 Companion), pp.112-115
- ^ a b c d e f Byrne, Craig (November 2007). Smallville: The Official Companion Season 5. Titan Books. pp. 112–115. ISBN 1845765427.
- ^ a b Byrne, Craig, (Season 4 Companion) pp. 112–115
- ^ Alfred Gough, Miles Millar, Greg Beeman, Ken Horton, and Michael Rosenbaum (2004). Commentary for season three's episode "Exile" (DVD). Warner Home Video.
- ^ James Marshall, John Glover and Allison Mack (2004). Commentary for season three's episode "Truth" (DVD). Warner Home Video.
- ^ Simpson, Paul (September 1, 2005). Smallville: The Official Companion Season 3. Titan Books. pp. 116–119. ISBN 1840239522.
- ^ Byrne, Craig, (Season 5 Companion) pg. 66
- ^ Byrne, Craig, (Season 5 Companion) pg. 132
- ^ a b c Byrne, Craig (March 2008). Smallville: The Official Companion Season 6. London: Titan Books. p. 112–115. ISBN 1845766563.
- ^ a b Julia Waterhouse (July 19, 2006). "Why "Smallville's" Clark Kent is way cooler than "Superman"". Seattle Times. http://seattletimes.nwsource.com/html/entertainment/2003135554_smallville19.html. Retrieved November 15, 2008.
- ^ Simpson, Paul, (Season 1 Companion), pg.116
- ^ Simpson, Paul, (Season 1 Companion), pg.140
- ^ a b c d Judge Bryan Byun (November 24, 2003). "Season 1 DVD review". DVD Verdict. http://www.dvdverdict.com/reviews/smallvilleseason1.php. Retrieved August 20, 2008.
- ^ Rob Owen (October 14, 2001). "Superman revisited in "Smallville"". Pittsburgh Post-Gazette. http://www.post-gazette.com/tv/20011014smallvilletv2.asp. Retrieved July 8, 2007.
- ^ Carlos Delgado (May 15, 2010). "TV Review: Smallville — Season Nine Finale - 'Salvation'". ifMagazine. http://www.ifmagazine.com/review.asp?article=4071. Retrieved September 26, 2010. [dead link]
- ^ Tom Powers (May 14, 2010). "Smallville:Salvation — Review". CinemafantastiqueOnline. http://cinefantastiqueonline.com/2010/05/smallvillesalvation-%e2%80%94-review/. Retrieved September 26, 2010.
- ^ a b Al Gough, Miles Millar, Greg Beeman, Kent Horton, and Michael Rosenbaum (DVD). "Memoria" commentary. Warner Bros. Television.
- ^ Byrne, Craig, (Season 5 Companion) pp.124-127
- ^ Byrne, Craig, (Season 6 Companion) pp. 124-127
- ^ Rachel Thomas (September 2008). "Interview with Erica Durance (Lois, 'Smallville')". About.com. http://tvdramas.about.com/od/smallville/a/ericaduranceint.htm. Retrieved October 18, 2008.
- ^ Visual observation used as example to further illustrate what Millar and Gough said in previous quote
- ^ "The Big Tease: Scoop on ‘Grey’s,’ ‘NCIS’ and More | Fancast News". Fancast.com. 2010-02-23. http://www.fancast.com/blogs/2010/tv-news/the-big-tease-scoop-on-greys-ncis-mentalist-more/. Retrieved 2010-07-24.
- ^ Bruce Simmons (September 4, 2009). "First Look At Tom Welling As ‘Superman’ On Smallville". ScreenRant. http://screenrant.com/smallville-season-9-clark-kent-suit-brusimm-24307/. Retrieved September 28, 2010.
- ^ Philip Pirrello; Jesse Schedeen (April 13, 2010). "Smallville Takes on DC Comics". IGN. http://tv.ign.com/articles/108/1083157p1.html. Retrieved September 28, 2010.
- ^ Krystal Clark (July 28, 2010). "Smallville Season 10 Trailer – Flight and Tights?". Screencrave.com. http://screencrave.com/2010-07-28/smallville-season-10-trailer-flight-and-tights/. Retrieved September 28, 2010.
- ^ a b Rick Marshall (September 24, 2010). "'Smallville' Producers On Season 10, Character Choices, And Why 'The Story Doesn't End Here'". MTV.com. http://splashpage.mtv.com/2010/09/24/smallville-season-10-characters-end/. Retrieved September 27, 2010.
- ^ a b "Interview With Smallville Executive Producers Kelly Souders & Brian Peterson — Comic-Con 2010". KryptonSite. http://www.kryptonsite.com/cc10-brianpeterson.htm. Retrieved July 28, 2010.
- ^ "Clark Kent's New "Uniform" on Smallville". Comic Book Movie. October 2, 2010. http://www.comicbookmovie.com/fansites/VoicesFromKrypton/news/?a=23362. Retrieved October 2, 2010.
- ^ "Nominees for 28th Annual Saturn Awards". United Press International. March 14, 2002. http://www.upi.com/Odd_News/2002/03/14/Nominees_for_28th_Annual_Saturn_Awards/UPI-99311016139883/. Retrieved August 23, 2008.
- ^ "Rings, Minority Top Saturn Nods". Sci Fi channel. March 5, 2003. Archived from the original on March 17, 2005. http://web.archive.org/web/20050317134504/http://www.scifi.com/scifiwire/email.cgi?story=2003-03/05/11.45.film. Retrieved August 23, 2008.
- ^ "2004 Saturn Awards Nominations". February 16, 2004. Archived from the original on November 23, 2006. http://web.archive.org/web/20061123035149/http://www.moviecitynews.com/awards/2004/critics_awards/saturn.html. Retrieved January 24, 2009.
- ^ "Saturn Nominations Announced! Still The Coolest Awards Show In Town!!". AintItCool.com. February 13, 2005. http://www.aintitcool.com/?q=node/19415. Retrieved January 24, 2009.
- ^ "SITH Leads Nomination List for 32nd Annual Saturn Awards". Mania.com. February 15, 2006. http://www.mania.com/sith-leads-nomination-list-for-32nd-annual-saturn-awards_article_50679.html. Retrieved August 23, 2008.
- ^ Rick Ellis (August 19, 2002). "2002 Teen Choice Award Winners". AllYourTV.com. http://www.allyourtv.com/awards/awardsteenchoice2002.html. Retrieved August 23, 2008.
- ^ "2003 Teen Choice Award nominees". PopDirt.com. http://popdirt.com/2003-teen-choice-award-nominees/16313/. Retrieved August 23, 2008.
- ^ "The Teen Choice Awards 2004: the voting public". SeriesLive. August 11, 2004. http://188.8.131.52/translate_c?hl=en&sl=fr&u=http://www.serieslive.com/article-53-teen-choice-awards-2004-le-vote-du-public.html&prev=/search%3Fq%3D2006%2BTeen%2BChoice%2BAward%2BChemistry%2Bkreuk%2Bwelling%26start%3D20%26hl%3Den%26rls%3Dorg.mozilla:en-US:official%26sa%3DN&usg=ALkJrhj1cSh4pgmct40pTf8ei8EuYlsdbw. Retrieved December 9, 2008.
- ^ "2005 Teen Choice Awards". Fox. Archived from the original on August 23, 2007. http://web.archive.org/web/20070823065626/http://www.fox.com/tca2005/nominees.htm. Retrieved September 11, 2007.
- ^ Thomas, Rachel. "2006 Teen Choice Award Nominees and Winners". About.com. http://tvdramas.about.com/od/tvshowsaz/a/2006teenchoice.htm. Retrieved December 9, 2008.
- ^ "Teen Choice 2008" (pdf). Teen Choice Awards. http://www.teenchoiceawards.com/pdfs/TC08nominees.pdf. Retrieved December 9, 2008. [dead link]
- ^ Kelly West (June 15, 2009). "Nominations Posted For 2009 Teen Choice Awards". CinemaBlend. http://www.cinemablend.com/television/Nominations-Posted-For-2009-Teen-Choice-Awards-18151.html. Retrieved June 16, 2009.
- ^ Jacquiau, Baptist (August 20, 2006). "The Teen Choice Awards 2006: the voting public". SeriesLive. http://translate.google.com.au/translate?hl=en&sl=fr&u=http://www.serieslive.com/news-2698-the-teen-choice-awards-2006-le-vote-du-public.html&sa=X&oi=translate&resnum=9&ct=result&prev=/search%3Fq%3D2006%2BTeen%2BChoice%2BAward%2BChemistry%2Bkreuk%2Bwelling%26start%3D20%26hl%3Den%26rls%3Dorg.mozilla:en-US:official%26sa%3DN. Retrieved December 9, 2008.
- ^ "2009 Teen Choice Awards, Nominees, Winners, TV Schedule". ChiFF.com. http://www.chiff.com/pop-culture/teen-choice-awards.htm. Retrieved August 12, 2009.
- ^ Rob Hedelt (October 28, 2001). "Superman's in high school in WB's fun 'Smallville'". The Free Lance–Star (Fredericksburg). http://fredericksburg.com/News/FLS/2001/102001/10282001/427249/index_html?page=1. Retrieved November 15, 2008.
- ^ Rob Worley (July 25, 2001). "Smallville: Not Man But Still Super". Comics2Film. http://www.comicbookresources.com/?page=article&id=13850. Retrieved November 16, 2008.
- ^ Anthony Breznican (August 14, 2004). "Up, up and away in search of a Man of Steel". Associated Press (Seattle Post-Intelligencer). http://www.seattlepi.com/movies/186264_supermansearch14.html. Retrieved November 16, 2008.
- ^ Roger Stern (October 1, 2002). Smallville: Strange Visitors. Aspect. ISBN 0446612138. http://www.amazon.com/dp/0446612138.
- ^ Michael Teitelbaum (October 1, 2002). Smallville: Arrival. Little, Brown Young Readers. ISBN 0316173592. http://www.amazon.com/dp/0316173592/.
- ^ Cherie Bennett & Jeff Gottesfeld (October 1, 2002). Smallville: See No Evil. Little, Brown Young Readers. ISBN 0316173010. http://www.amazon.com/dp/0316173010/.
- ^ Alan Grand (November 1, 2002). Smallville: Dragon. Aspect. ISBN 0446612146. http://www.amazon.com/dp/0446612146/.
- ^ Cherie Bennett & Jeff Gottesfeld (December 1, 2002). Smallville: Flight. Little, Brown Young Readers. ISBN 0316174688. http://www.amazon.com/dp/0316174688/.
- ^ Nancy Holder (January 1, 2003). Smallville: Hauntings. Aspect. ISBN 0446612154. http://www.amazon.com/dp/0446612154/.
- ^ David Weiss & Bobby Weiss (February 2, 2003). Smallville: Animal Rage. Little, Brown Young Readers. ISBN 0316174211. http://www.amazon.com/dp/0316174211/.
- ^ Dean Wesley Smith (March 1, 2003). Smallville: Whodunit. Aspect. ISBN 0446612162. http://www.amazon.com/dp/0446612162/.
- ^ Cherie Bennett & Jeff Gottesfeld (April 16, 2003). Smallville: Speed. Little, Brown Young Readers. ISBN 0316168165. http://www.amazon.com/dp/0316168165/.
- ^ Suzan Colon (June 1, 2003). Smallville: Buried Secrets. Little, Brown Young Readers. ISBN 0316168483. http://www.amazon.com/dp/0316168483/.
- ^ Diana G. Gallagher (September 1, 2003). Smallville: Shadows. Aspect. ISBN 0446613606. http://www.amazon.com/dp/0446613606/.
- ^ Suzan Colon (October 1, 2003). Smallville: Runaway. Little, Brown Young Readers. ISBN 0316734764. http://www.amazon.com/dp/0316734764/.
- ^ Nancy Holder (November 1, 2003). Smallville: Silence. Aspect. ISBN 0446613592. http://www.amazon.com/dp/0446613592/.
- ^ Cherie Bennett & Jeff Gottesfeld (December 1, 2003). Smallville: Greed. Little, Brown Young Readers. ISBN 0316734772. http://www.amazon.com/dp/0316734772/.
- ^ Alan Grant (January 1, 2004). Smallville: Curse. Aspect. ISBN 0446613614. http://www.amazon.com/dp/0446613614/.
- ^ Suzan Colon (February 1, 2004). Smallville: Temptation. Little, Brown Young Readers. ISBN 0316734780. http://www.amazon.com/dp/0316734780/.
- ^ Devin K. Grayson (March 3, 2004). Smallville: City. Aspect. ISBN 0446613622. http://www.amazon.com/dp/0446613622/.
- ^ Cherie Bennett (April 1, 2004). Smallville: Sparks. Little, Brown Young Readers. ISBN 0316734799. http://www.amazon.com/dp/0316734799/.
- ^ Byrne, Craig, (Season 7 Companion) pg. 154
- ^ "DC Direct Action Figure Archive". JoeAcevedo.com. http://www.joeacevedo.com/docs/figurezone/dcdactionfigures2002.htm. Retrieved November 11, 2010.
- ^ "DC Direct Action Figure Archive". JoeAcevedo.com. http://www.joeacevedo.com/docs/figurezone/dcdactionfigures2008.htm. Retrieved November 11, 2010.
Smallville Seasons Episodes Characters Wikipedia books
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