Osco-Umbrian languages

Osco-Umbrian languages
Osco-Umbrian
Sabellian (former)
Geographic
distribution:
Ancient south and central Italy
Linguistic classification: Indo-European
Subdivisions:
Oscan (extinct)
Umbrian (extinct)
Iron Age Italy.svg
Approximate distribution of languages in Iron Age Italy during the sixth century BC

The Osco-Umbrian languages or Sabellic languages are a group of languages that belong to the Italic language family of the Indo-European languages. They were spoken in central and southern Italy before Latin replaced them as the power of the Romans expanded. Quantities of text in Osco-Umbrian have survived.

The following languages belong to this group: the Umbrian group; and the Oscan language.

Past usage

Sabellic was originally the collective ethnonym of the Italic people who inhabited central and southern Italy at the time of Roman expansion. The name was later used by Theodor Mommsen in his Unteritalische Dialekte to describe the pre-Roman dialects of central Italy which were neither Oscan nor Umbrian. Nowadays, it is used to describe the Osco-Umbrian languages as a whole. The North Picene language was once considered Sabellic; it is now believed to be a non-Indo-European language.[citation needed]

External links



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  • Osco-Umbrian — Os•co Um•bri•an [[t]ˈɒs koʊˈʌm bri ən[/t]] n. peo the Oscan and Umbrian languages collectively, as a subgroup of the Italic languages • Etymology: 1890–95 …   From formal English to slang

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  • Osco-Umbrian — /ɒskoʊ ˈʌmbriən/ (say oskoh umbreeuhn) noun 1. a group of languages, including Oscan, Sabellian, and Umbrian, of ancient Italy. –adjective 2. of or relating to this language group …  

  • Osco-Umbrian — noun a group of dead languages of ancient Italy; they were displace by Latin • Hypernyms: ↑Italic, ↑Italic language • Hyponyms: ↑Umbrian, ↑Oscan, ↑Sabellian …   Useful english dictionary

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