Race Rock Light

Race Rock Light

Infobox Lighthouse

caption = Race Rock light
location = Entrance to Long Island sound
coordinates = coord|41|14|37|N|72|02|49|W|region:US_type:landmark
yearlit = 1879
automated = 1978
yeardeactivated = Active
foundation = Granite and concrete caisson and pier.
construction = Granite tower attached to dwelling on granite pier
shape = Square/octagonal, natural color with white lantern
height = convert|67|ft|m|0|abbr=on
lens = Forth order Fresnel 1879
range = 16 nm
characteristic = Flashing Red 10 seconds. Fog Horn points southeast. Emergency light of reducedintensity when main light is extinguished. HORN: 2 blasts ev 30s (2s bl-2s si-2s bl-24s si).

Race Rock Light is a lighthouse on Race Rock Reef, southwest of Fishers Island, New York. The reef is a dangerous set of rocks off the coast of Fishers Island on Long Island Sound and was the site of many shipwrecks.

Race Rock Light was built between 1871 and 1878. Designed by Francis Hopkinson Smith (1838-1915), the lighthouse is an excellent example of 19th century engineering and design. The massive masonry foundations on the reef required seven years to complete. Once the foundations were secure, the stone structure, including the keeper's quarters and the tower, were built in only nine months. The lighthouse has a fourth-order Fresnel lens in a tower standing convert|67|ft|m|0 above the waterline. The United States Coast Guard automated Race Rock Light in 1979.

Race Rock Light is believed by some to be haunted and was investigated by the investigators of TAPS on episode 104 of the SciFi channel program Ghost Hunters.

It is listed as number 19185 in [http://www.navcen.uscg.gov/pubs/LightLists/LightLists.htm USCG light lists] .

Historical information from Coast Guard site

Race Rock Lighthouse, in Long Island Sound, convert|8|mi|km|0 from New London, Conn., was built under great difficulties. The builder was Captain Scott. His engineer was F. Hopkinson Smith, who later became famous as a writer of lighthouse stories. Race Rock Lighthouse is off Fisher’s Island Sound, at the mouth of the Race, where the waters of the Sound rush both ways, according to the tide, with great velocity and force, and where, in heavy weather, the waves run high. By 1837 eight vessels had been lost in 8 years on Race Point reef. In 1838 Congress appropriated $3,000 for erecting a lighthouse at Race Rock but the money was never expended. In 1852 the Lighthouse Board reported:

"Various efforts have been made, and numerous appropriations expended, in endeavoring to place an efficient and permanent mark on this point. Buoys cannot be kept on it, and spindles have hitherto only remained until the breaking up of the ice in the spring." In 1853 $7,000 was appropriated "for a beacon on Race Rock." This took the form of a daybeacon completed in 1856.

In 1854 Congress appropriated $8,000 for a lighthouse but only $1,600 of this was spent, mostly in surveys. In 1869 $90,000 was appropriated "for a lighthouse at or near Race Point, Fisher’s Island, Long Island Sound." After preliminary surveys costing $652,857, an additional appropriation of $10,000 was made in 1870, after the Board had estimated that $200,000 would be required to build the lighthouse. In 1871 $150,000 more was provided by Congress.

Construction of the riprap foundation began in April 1871. In all 10,000 tons of granite were used in the foundation. "The proposals for the construction of the foundation and pier of this structure were so excessive in rates" the Board reported in 1872, "and so much above the amount of the appropriation on hand ($95,539.66 had been expended out of $261,000 appropriated to June 10, 1872) that no more than the landing and the enrockment of the foundation, and two courses of the pier, could be contracted for."

In 1873 Congress appropriated a further $75,000 and the lighthouse was completed at an additional expenditure of $175,048.09 between 1873 and 1878. The total cost of the lighthouse was $278,716.33.

The ledge on which the lighthouse is built is under water and three-fourths mile from Race Point Reef. It has one large and several smaller spurs of rock rising above the general surface. The least depth at mean low water on the principal spur or Race Rock proper, is convert|3|ft|m|0. The greatest depth at mean low water, within the circle of convert|69|ft|m|0, is convert|13|ft|m|0.

The ledge was, with the help of divers, made approximately level with small broken stone and riprap. Upon this was placed a circular-stepped mass of concrete, convert|9|ft|m|0 thick, built in 4 concentric layers. The lower layer is convert|69|ft|m|0 in diameter and convert|3|ft|m|0 thick. To form the layers of concrete, cylindrical bands of half inch iron, of the height and diameter required for the respective layers, were used. The upper surface of the concrete, 8 inches above mean low water, carries a conical pier, convert|30|ft|m|0 high, convert|57|ft|m|0 in diameter at the base, and crowned by a projecting coping convert|55|ft|m|0 in diameter. The pier is made of heavy masonry backed with concrete, in which cisterns and cellars are located.

The pier is surmounted by a granite dwelling one story and a half high. From the center of its front the granite light tower ascends. A landing-pier, convert|53|ft|m|0 long and convert|25|ft|m|0 wide, built of heavy masonry, gives access to the lighthouse. The whole structure is surrounded and protected by riprap. T he tower, which is square at the base and octagonal at the top, carries a fourth-order alternating flash white and red electric light of 90,000 candlepower, being convert|67|ft|m|0 above sea level and convert|45|ft|m|0 above land, and visible convert|14|nmi|km|0 at sea.


* Crompton, Samuel Willard. "The Lighthouse Book." Barnes and Noble Books, New York, 1999. ISBN 0-7607-1135-6.

External links

* [http://www.lighthousefriends.com/light.asp?ID=741 Race Rock Lighthouse] - from Lighthousefriends.com

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