In physics, jerk, jolt (especially in British English), surge or lurch, is the rate of change of acceleration; that is, the derivative of acceleration with respect to time, the second derivative of velocity, or the third derivative of displacement. Jerk is defined by the following equation::vec j=frac {mathrm{d} vec a} {mathrm{d}t}=frac {mathrm{d}^2 vec v} {mathrm{d}t^2}=frac {mathrm{d}^3 vec r} {mathrm{d}t^3}where:vec a is acceleration,:vec v is velocity,:vec r is displacement:mathit{t} is time.

Jerk is a vector, and there is no generally used term to describe its scalar magnitude.

The units of jerk are metres per second cubed (Metres per second per second per second, m/s3 or ms-3). There is no universal agreement on the symbol for jerk, but "j" is commonly used.

Related concepts

Yank is sometimes used as the analog of force with respect to jerk: mass times jerk, or equivalently, the derivative of force with respect to time. [This is only true non-relativistically; since mass is velocity dependent in relativistic physics, force is usually written as the first derivative of the momentum, while yank would be the second derivative. But just as the non-relativistic ma is a good approximation of the actual force, F = dp/dt, when v << c, so is mass times jerk a good approximation of the actual yank, dF/dt, under the same circumstance.)]

Higher derivatives of displacement are rarely necessary, and hence lack agreed-on names. The fourth derivative of position was considered in development of the Hubble Space Telescope's pointing control system, and called jounce. Many other suggestions have been made, such as "jilt", "jouse", "jolt", and "delta jerk". As more distinct terms that start with letters other than "j", the term "snap" has been proposed for the 4th derivative of position, with "crackle" and "pop" having been suggested – facetiously – as names for the 5th and 6th derivatives. []



*cite book | last = Sprott | first = Julien Clinton | title = Chaos and Time-Series Analysis | publisher = Oxford University Press | year = 2003 | id = ISBN 0-19-850839-5 and ISBN 978-0-19-850839-7
* [ Am. J. Phys., Vol. 65, No. 6, Pg. 538, June 1997]

External links

* [ What is the term used for the third derivative of position?] , description of jerk in the [ Usenet Physics FAQ] .

Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.


Look at other dictionaries:

  • jerk — jerk …   Dictionnaire des rimes

  • jerk — [ (d)ʒɛrk ] n. m. • 1965; mot angl. « secousse » ♦ Anglic. Danse moderne qui consiste à imprimer des secousses rythmées à tout le corps (tête et bras compris), comme si l on entrait en transes. V. intr. <conjug. : 1> JERKER [ (d)ʒɛrke ]. ●… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • jerk´i|ly — jerk|y1 «JUR kee», adjective, jerk|i|er, jerk|i|est. with sudden starts and stops; with jerks; spasmodic. SYNONYM(S): convulsive. ╂[< …   Useful english dictionary

  • jerk|y — jerk|y1 «JUR kee», adjective, jerk|i|er, jerk|i|est. with sudden starts and stops; with jerks; spasmodic. SYNONYM(S): convulsive. ╂[< …   Useful english dictionary

  • Jerk — Jerk, v. t. [imp. & p. p. {Jerked} (j[ e]rkt); p. pr. & vb. n. {Jerking}.] [Akin to yerk, and perh. also to yard a measure.] [1913 Webster] 1. To beat; to strike. [Obs.] Florio. [1913 Webster] 2. To give a quick and suddenly arrested thrust, push …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Jerk — Jerk, n. [1913 Webster] 1. A short, sudden pull, thrust, push, twitch, jolt, shake, or similar motion. [1913 Webster] His jade gave him a jerk. B. Jonson. [1913 Webster] 2. A sudden start or spring. [1913 Webster] Lobsters . . . swim backwards by …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • jerk — jerk·er; jerk·i·ly; jerk·i·ness; jerk·ing·ly; jerk; …   English syllables

  • jerk — jerk1 [jʉrk] vt. [var. of archaic yerk < ?] 1. to pull, twist, push, thrust, or throw with a sudden, sharp movement ☆ 2. [Old Informal] to make and serve (ice cream sodas) vi. 1. to move with a jerk or in jerks 2. to twitch n …   English World dictionary

  • jerk — ► NOUN 1) a quick, sharp, sudden movement. 2) Weightlifting the raising of a barbell above the head from shoulder level by an abrupt straightening of the arms and legs. 3) informal, chiefly N. Amer. a contemptibly foolish person. ► VERB 1) move… …   English terms dictionary

  • Jerk — (j[ e]rk), v. t. [Corrupted from Peruv. charqui dried beef.] To cut into long slices or strips and dry in the sun; as, to jerk beef. See {Charqui}. [1913 Webster] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Jerk — bezeichnet einen kinematischen Begriff, siehe Ruck eine Fleischzubereitung, siehe Beef Jerky Würzmischungen der kreolischen Küche, siehe Jerk Würzmischung einen Rap Tanz aus Los Angeles, siehe Jerk (Raptanz) plötzliche Änderung in der säkularen… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”