physics, jerk, jolt (especially in British English), surge or lurch, is the rate of change of acceleration; that is, the derivativeof acceleration with respect to time, the second derivative of velocity, or the third derivative of displacement. Jerk is defined by the following equation::where: is acceleration,: is velocity,: is displacement: is time.
Jerk is a vector, and there is no generally used term to describe its scalar magnitude.
The units of jerk are
metres per secondcubed (Metres per second per second per second, m/s3 or ms-3). There is no universal agreement on the symbol for jerk, but "j" is commonly used.
Yank is sometimes used as the analog of force with respect to jerk:
masstimes jerk, or equivalently, the derivative of force with respect to time. [This is only true non-relativistically; since mass is velocity dependent in relativistic physics, force is usually written as the first derivative of the momentum, while yank would be the second derivative. But just as the non-relativistic is a good approximation of the actual force, , when , so is mass times jerk a good approximation of the actual yank, , under the same circumstance.)]
Higher derivatives of displacement are rarely necessary, and hence lack agreed-on names. The fourth derivative of position was considered in development of the Hubble Space Telescope's pointing control system, and called
jounce. Many other suggestions have been made, such as "jilt", "jouse", "jolt", and "delta jerk". As more distinct terms that start with letters other than "j", the term "snap" has been proposed for the 4th derivative of position, with "crackle" and "pop" having been suggested – facetiously – as names for the 5th and 6th derivatives. [http://sprott.physics.wisc.edu/pubs/paper229.pdf]
*cite book | last = Sprott | first = Julien Clinton | title = Chaos and Time-Series Analysis | publisher = Oxford University Press | year = 2003 | id = ISBN 0-19-850839-5 and ISBN 978-0-19-850839-7
* [http://sprott.physics.wisc.edu/pubs/paper229.pdf Am. J. Phys., Vol. 65, No. 6, Pg. 538, June 1997]
* [http://math.ucr.edu/home/baez/physics/General/jerk.html What is the term used for the third derivative of position?] , description of jerk in the [http://math.ucr.edu/home/baez/physics/index.html Usenet Physics FAQ] .
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