The Delta Rhythm Boys

The Delta Rhythm Boys

The Delta Rhythm Boys were an American vocal group active for over 50 years in the 20th century. The group was first formed at Langston University in Langston, Oklahoma in 1934 by Elmaurice Miller, Traverse Crawford, Essie Joseph Adkins and Otha Lee Gaines. In 1936 they moved to Dillard University in New Orleans, where they worked under Frederick Hall under the names New Orleans Quintet and Frederick Hall Quintet. Clinton Holland (soon replaced by Carl Jones) and Kelsey Pharr (replaced by Hugh Bryant in 1942) replaced Miller and Adkins. Rene DeKnight became their pianist.

The group appeared often in the 1940s on radio programs such as Amos and Andy and The Joan Davis Show, and performed on Broadway in the shows Sing Out the News and Hot Mikado. They also appeared extensively in film, including in You'll Never Get Rich with Bing Crosby and Rita Hayworth. Aside from their own recordings, they served as background vocalists for Charlie Barnet, Mildred Bailey, Ella Fitzgerald, and Ruth Brown.

One of their most successful releases was a vocal version of the Glenn Miller instrumental hit "I Dreamt I Dwelt in Harlem" from 1941 with lyrics by Buddy Feyne and music by Glenn Miller Orchestra arranger and composer Jerry Gray, Ben Smith, and Leonard Ware.

In the 1950s they began to amass a large fan base in Europe, particularly in Scandinavia. In 1956, the group relocated to Europe and performed there up until 1987, when Gaines and Bryant died.

In 1960, Kelsey Pharr died in Honolulu after a trip to Japan. Soon after, Carl Jones left to have more time with his family and was replaced by first tenor Herb Coleman. Hugh Bryant replaced Pharr.

With the American music scene changing rapidly, the Deltas found their appeal diminishing. Overseas they were royally received, however, so in the early 1960s the group made Paris their home base for years of European performances.

In 1974, Herb Coleman was shot in Paris and died in the arms of Lee Gaines. Original Delta member Traverse Crawford died in the following year. By 1979, the lineup was Gaines on bass, Bryant on baritone, Walter Trammell on first tenor, and Ray Beauty on second tenor. Lee Gaines died of cancer in Helsinki on July 15, 1987.[1] At Gaines's funeral, Hugh Bryant collapsed while performing, and died, apparently from a heart attack.[2]

The Delta Rhythm Boys were later inducted into the Vocal Group Hall of Fame.


  1. ^ Obituaries: Lee Gaines, 73, a Jazz Singer New York Times, July 21, 1987.
  2. ^ Obituaries: Hugh Bryant Dies as He Sings Tribute at Lee Gaines Funeral New York Times, July 24, 1987.

External links

Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Игры ⚽ Поможем написать реферат

Look at other dictionaries:

  • The Delta Rhythm Boys — waren ein 1934 gegründetes US amerikanisches Vokalensemble des frühen Rhythm and Blues, Swing und Popbereich, die bis 1987 bestand. Inhaltsverzeichnis 1 Geschichte der Gruppe 2 Weitere bekannte Songs 3 Diskographische …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • The Four Knights — were an American vocal group from Charlotte, North Carolina.CareerThe group was formed in 1943, with an original membership of Gene Alford (lead tenor), Oscar Broadway (bass), Clarence Dixon (baritone), and John Wallace (tenor, guitar). This line …   Wikipedia

  • Follow the Boys — Infobox Film name = Follow the Boys caption = Original film poster director = A. Edward Sutherland producer = Charles K. Feldman writer = Lou Breslow Gertrude Purcell starring = George Raft Vera Zorina music = Fred E. Ahlert Billy Austin Dick… …   Wikipedia

  • Take the "A" Train — Infobox Standard title = Take the A Train comment = image size = caption = writer = composer = Billy Strayhorn, 1939 lyricist = Joya Sherrill, 1944 published = written = language = form = original artist = Duke Ellington recorded by = Ella… …   Wikipedia

  • Take the “A” Train — ist ein von Billy Strayhorn 1939 komponierter und getexter Jazzstandard, der vom Duke Ellington Orchestra als Erkennungsmelodie verwendet wurde. Das Stück wurde zu „einem Symbol der Swing Ära.“[1] Es kombiniert den treibenden Swing der Duke… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • The Joshua Tree — For other uses, see Joshua tree (disambiguation). The Joshua Tree …   Wikipedia

  • Delta Groove Productions — Founded 2004 Founder Randy Chortkoff Genre Blues Country of origin …   Wikipedia

  • Music of the United States — American music redirects here. For other uses, see American music (disambiguation). Music of United States of America Timeline General topics Education · History G …   Wikipedia

  • Vocal Group Hall of Fame — The Vocal Group Hall of Fame was organized to honor what they term the Greatest Vocal Groups in the World . The Hall of Fame is headquartered in Sharon, Pennsylvania, United States. It includes a theater and a museum.It was originally organized… …   Wikipedia

  • Drömsemester — Directed by Gösta Bernhard Written by Eric Sandström Starring Dirch Passer Cinematography Hilmer Ekdahl …   Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”