Hormizd I

Hormizd I

Hormizd I was the third Sassanid King of Persia from 272 to 273.

He was the son of Shapur I (241–272), under whom he was governor of Khorasan, and appears in his wars against Rome (Trebellius Pollio, "Trig. Tyr." 2, where Noldeke has corrected the name Odomastes into Oromastes, i.e. Hormizd).

In the Persian tradition of the history of Ardashir I (226–241), preserved in a Pahlavi text (Noldeke, "Geschichte des Artachsir I. Papakan"), Hormizd I is made the son of a daughter of Mithrak, a Persian dynast, whose family Ardashir had extirpated because the Magi had predicted that from his blood would come the restorer of the empire of Persia.

Only this daughter is preserved by a peasant; Shapur I sees her and makes her his wife, and her son Hormizd I is afterwards recognized and acknowledged by Ardashir. In this legend, which has been partially preserved also in Tabari, the great conquests of Shapur I are transferred to Hormizd I. In reality he reigned only one year and ten days.



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