- Southwest Conference
:"This page is about the now defunct Southwest Conference (SWC). For the unrelated and currently still active conference abbreviated as the SWAC, see
Southwestern Athletic Conference. For the Ohio High School Conference abbreviated as the SWC, see Southwestern Conference (Ohio)"
The Southwest Conference (SWC) was a
college athletic conferencein the United Statesfrom 1914 to 1996. It consisted of schools in the states of Arkansas, Oklahomaand Texas.
The charter members of the conference were
Texas A&M University, the University of Texas at Austin, Baylor University, the University of Arkansas, the University of Oklahoma, Oklahoma A&M University (now Oklahoma State University), Southwestern University(in Georgetown, Texas), and Rice University.
The first organizational meeting of the conference was held in May, 1914 at the Oriental Hotel in
Dallas, Texas. It was chaired by L. Theo Bellmont, who originated the idea for the athletic conference and was at the time athletic director at the University of Texas. Originally, Bellmont wanted Louisiana State Universityand the University of Mississippito join the conference as well, but they declined to do so. The Southwest Conference became an official body on December 8, 1914 at a formal meeting at the Rice Hotel in Houston.
Its early years saw fluctuation in membership; Southwestern (a comparatively smaller school) dropped out of the conference in 1916, and
Southern Methodist Universityjoined it in 1918; Texas Christian Universitybecame a member in 1923. Rice University left the conference in 1916, only to re-join in 1918. Phillips University( Enid, Oklahoma) was a conference member for one year (1920). Oklahoma left in 1919 to join the Missouri Valley Intercollegiate Athletic Association, and was followed by Oklahoma A&M in 1925. (However, the intense football rivalry between the universities of Texas and Oklahoma would continue in an annual matchup between the two teams held in Dallas.) From this point on, the University of Arkansas would be the only conference member not located within the state of Texas.
After its organizational years, the conference settled into regularly scheduled meets among its members, and began to gain stature nationwide. The SWC would be guided by seven commissioners, the first of whom, P. W. St. Clair, was appointed in 1938. In 1940, the conference took control of the then five-year-old Cotton Bowl, which further established the prestige of both the bowl and the conference. Texas Technological College (now
Texas Tech University) joined the SWC in 1958, followed by the University of Houstonfor the 1976 season (UH won the SWC football championship in that 1976 season).
The conference celebrated its glory football years in the 1960s. Texas won the 1963 National Championship, Arkansas won a share of the 1964 National Championship, then Texas took another National Championship in 1969, beating #2 ranked Arkansas (15 to 14) in the regular season's final game (dubbed the "Big Shootout"). The 1969 Arkansas-Texas game (attended in Fayetteville by President Richard Nixon) is usually counted among the greatest college football games ever played
Beginning in the late 1930s and lasting until 1995, the Southwest Conference Champion automatically received an invitation as the "host" team in the Cotton Bowl game on New Year's Day in Dallas, Texas. Opponents usually were the runners-up from the Big 8 or SEC conference, although Independents Penn State and Notre Dame were also often featured. From the 1940s onward, it was usually counted among the five major bowl games, and often had national championship implications. However, in the 1980s and 1990s, the game declined in importance, largely because of the decline of SWC prominence. Notre Dame in 1977 was the last team to win their national championship in the Cotton Bowl.
The SWC had many legendary players and coaches over the years. In football,
Dana X. Bible, Jess Neely, Paul "Bear" Bryant, Darrell Royal, James "Buddy" Parker, Hayden Fry, Frank Broyles, Lou Holtz, Gene Stallings, Spike Dykes, Bill Yeomanand Grant Teaffall served as head coaches in the conference. Some notable SWC players included Davey O'Brien, Sammy Baugh, Bobby Layne, Doak Walker, Kyle Rote, Tom Landry, Yale Lary, Dickey Maegle, Jack Pardee, John David Crow, E.J. Holub, Don Meredith, Bob Lilly, Forrest Gregg, Lance Alworth, Tommy Nobis, James Street, Roosevelt Leaks, Tommy Kramer, Doug English, Earl Campbell, Lester Hayes, Wilson Whitley, Steve McMichael, Dan Hampton, Mike Singletary, Jerry Gray, Eric Dickerson, Ray Childress, Eric Metcalf, Andre Ware, Richmond Webb, Steve Atwater, Zach Thomas, and Ricky Williams.
The early 1980s were the glory years of SWC basketball, especially the
Phi Slama Jamateams at the University of Houston. Outstanding basketball coaches included Eddie Sutton, Guy V. Lewis, Nolan Richardson, Tom Penders, Abe Lemons, Shelby Metcalfand Gerald Myers. Great SWC hoops players included Hakeem Olajuwon, Clyde Drexler, Vinnie Johnson, Jon Koncak, Joe Kleine, Sidney Moncrief, Darrell Walker, Alvin Robertson, Ricky Pierce, Todd Dayand Lee Mayberry.
SWC Baseball was dominated year-in-year-out by the Texas Longhorns, who under legendary coach
Cliff Gustafsonwon national titles in 1975 and 1983. Roger Clemensis the most prominent SWC baseball alum. Beginning in the 1980s, Texas A&M and Arkansas also rose to national prominence, but were rarely able to dislodge the Longhorns atop the conference.
The 1980s saw most of the conference's athletic programs hit by recruiting scandals and NCAA probations. The only programs to escape probation in the 1980s were Arkansas, Baylor, and Rice. Because of repeated major violations, the
Southern Methodist Universityfootball program in 1987became only the third program in NCAA history to receive the so-called "Death Penalty" (after Kentucky basketball in 1952-53 and Southwestern Louisiana basketball from 1973 to 1975). The NCAA canceled SMU's 1987 season, and limited it to seven road games for 1988. However, nearly all of the school's lettermen transferred elsewhere, forcing SMU to keep its football program shuttered for 1988 as well. SMU also remained on probation until 1990. At that time, NCAA rules prohibited schools on probation from appearing on live television. As a result, the conference's market share in television coverage dwindled.
The performance in the "money" sport of football declined as well. The final eight SWC champions lost in their bowl game. After SMU's second-place finish in most polls in 1982, only two SWC teams were serious contenders for the national title--Texas in 1990 and Texas A&M in 1992. Attendance also dwindled at every school except for Texas and Texas A&M.
The beginning of the end was when Arkansas announced it would leave for the
Southeastern Conferencein 1990. The death blow came in 1993 when Texas, Texas A&M, Texas Tech, and Baylor accepted invitations to join with the members of the Big Eight Conferenceto form the Big 12 Conference. Soon afterward, SMU, TCU and Rice accepted invitations to join the Western Athletic Conference, while Houston joined Conference USA. In May 1996, after the completions of championship matches in baseballand track & field, the Southwest Conference was officially dissolved.
Over the course of its 81-year history, teams of the Southwest Conference garnered 64 recognized national championships in collegiate sports (nine in football).
In 1997 the official records of the conference from 1914 to 1996 were moved from Dallas to the campus of Texas Tech University, becoming part of the Southwest Collection/Special Collections Library. The archive also contains an extensive assortment of images and memorabilia from each member university.
*Houston (1971-1975 played but not eligible for football title, 1976-1996)
*Oklahoma A&M (1915-1925)
*Rice (1915-1917 provisional, 1918-1996)
*Southern Methodist (1918-1996)
*Texas A&M (1915-1996)
*Texas Tech (1956-1957 played but not eligible for football title, 1958-1996)
Where are they now?
*TCU left the WAC to join C-USA, then joined MWC.
*P.W. St. Clair (1938-45)
*James H. Stewart (1945-50)
*Howard Grubbs (1950-73)
*Cliff Speegle (1973-82)
*Fred Jacoby (1982-93)
*Steve Hatchell (1993-95)
*Kyle Kallander (1995-96)
Conference football champions
*Texas (27 titles, 21 outright): 1916, 1918, 1920, 1928, 1930, 1942, 1943, 1945, 1950, 1952, 1953*, 1959*, 1961*, 1962, 1963, 1968*, 1969, 1970, 1971, 1972, 1973, 1975*, 1977, 1983, 1990, 1994*, 1995
*Texas A&M (17, 15): 1917, 1919, 1921, 1925, 1927, 1939, 1940*, 1941, 1956, 1967, 1975*, 1985, 1986, 1987, 1991, 1992, 1993
*Arkansas (13, 7): 1936, 1946*, 1954, 1959*, 1960, 1961*, 1964, 1965, 1968*, 1975*, 1979*, 1988, 1989
*SMU (11, 9): 1923, 1926, 1931, 1935, 1940*, 1947, 1948, 1966, 1981, 1982, 1984*
*TCU (9, 7): 1929, 1932, 1938, 1944, 1951, 1955, 1958, 1959*, 1994*
*Rice (7, 4): 1934, 1937, 1946*, 1949, 1953*, 1957, 1994*
*Baylor (5, 4): 1922, 1924, 1974, 1980, 1994*
*Houston (4, 1): 1976*, 1978, 1979*, 1984*
*Texas Tech (2, 0): 1976*, 1994*
*Oklahoma (1, 1): 1915"*" -- Denotes shared title
Conference men's basketball regular-season champions
*Arkansas (22 titles, 14 outright): 1926, 1927, 1928, 1929, 1930, 1935*, 1936, 1938, 1941, 1942*, 1944*, 1949*, 1950*, 1958*, 1977, 1978*, 1979*, 1981, 1982, 1989, 1990, 1991
*Texas (22, 12): 1915, 1916, 1917, 1919, 1924, 1933, 1939, 1943*, 1947, 1951*, 1954*, 1960, 1963, 1965*, 1972*, 1974, 1978*, 1979*, 1986*, 1992*, 1994, 1995*
*SMU (13, 8): 1935*, 1937, 1955, 1956, 1957, 1958*, 1962*, 1965*, 1966, 1967, 1972*, 1988, 1993
*Texas A&M (11, 9): 1920, 1921, 1922, 1923, 1951*, 1964, 1969, 1975, 1976, 1980, 1986*
*TCU (10, 2): 1931, 1934, 1951*, 1952, 1953, 1959, 1968, 1971, 1986*, 1987
*Rice (10, 4): 1918, 1935*, 1940, 1942*, 1943*, 1944*, 1945, 1949*, 1954*, 1970
*Texas Tech (6, 4): 1961, 1962*, 1973, 1985, 1995*, 1996
*Baylor (5, 2): 1932, 1946, 1948, 1949*, 1950*
*Houston (3, 2): 1983, 1984, 1992*
*Oklahoma A&M (1): 1925"*" -- Denotes shared title
John F. Kennedyreferenced Southwest Conference with the question, "Why does Rice play Texas?" in his September 12 1962"Moon Speech" delivered at Rice Stadium. [ [http://er.jsc.nasa.gov/seh/ricetalk.htm Jfk Rice Moon Speech ] ]
List of defunct college football conferences
*cite book |title=Football, Texas Style: An Illustrated History of the Southwest Conference |last=Tips |first=Kern |authorlink= |coauthors= |year=1964 |publisher=Doubleday & Co |location=Garden City, N.Y. |isbn= |pages=
*cite book |title=Breaking the Ice: The Racial Integration of Southwest Conference Football |last=Pennington |first=Richard |authorlink= |coauthors= |year=1987 |publisher=MacFarland & Co |location=Jefferson, N.C. |isbn=0899502954 |pages=
* [http://www.texasalmanac.com/history/highlights/swc/ A Look Back at the Southwest Conference]
* [http://www.lib.utexas.edu/taro/ttusw/00023/tsw-00023.html/ Southwest Conference Records, 1914-1996 and undated, at the Southwest Collection/Special Collections Library]
* [http://swchelmets.tripod.com/ Southwest Conference football helmets]
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