- Constantine I, Prince of Armenia
Constantine I Lord of Cilicia / “Lord of the Mountains” Reign 1095 – c. 1100/1102/1103 Born 1035-1040/1050-1055 Birthplace (unknown) Died c. 1100/1102/1103 Place of death (unknown) Buried Monastery of Castalon Predecessor Roupen I Successor Thoros I Consort to An unnamed great-granddaughter of Bardas Phokas Offspring Thoros I
Father Roupen I Mother (unknown)
Constantine I or Kostandin I (1035–1040 / 1050–1055 – c. 1100 / February 24, 1102 – February 23, 1103) was the second lord of Armenian Cilicia or “Lord of the Mountains” (1095 – c. 1100 / 1102 / 1103). During his rule, he controlled the greater part of the regions around the Taurus Mountains, and invested much of his efforts in cultivating the lands and rebuilding the towns within his domain. He provided ample provisions to the Crusaders, for example during the difficult period of the siege of Antioch in the winter of 1097. He was a passionate adherent of the separated Armenian Church.
He was the son of Roupen I; his father declared the independence of Cilicia from the Byzantine Empire around 1080. According to the chroniclers Matthew of Edessa and Sempat Sparapet, Constantine is also identified as being either a prince of King Gagik II, or some kind of a military commander in the monarch’s clan in exile.
Upon the murder of King Gagik II, Constantine’s father gathered his family and fled to the Taurus Mountains and took refuge in the fortress of Kopitar (Kosidar) situated north of Sis (today Kozan in Turkey). As Roupen was growing old by 1090, his command seems to have passed entirely to Constantine; and it was the latter who in the same year conquered the strategic Cilician castle of Vahka (today Feke in Turkey). The mastery of this mountain defile made possible the assessment of taxes on merchandise transported from the port of Ayas towards the central part of Asia Minor, a source of wealth to which the Roupenians owed their power.
After his father’s death in 1095, Constantine extended his power eastward towards the Anti-Taurus Mountains. He, in his capacity as an Armenian Christian ruler in the Levant, helped the forces of the First Crusade maintain the siege of Antioch until it fell to the crusaders. The crusaders, for their part, duly appreciated the aid of their Armenian allies: Constantin was honored with the titles of Comes and Baron.
Marriage and children
# According to the Chronicle of Aleppo, his wife was descended from Bardas Phokas.
- Beatrice (? – before 1118), the wife of Count Joscelin I of Edessa
- Thoros I, Lord of Armenian Cilicia (? – February 17, 1129 / February 16, 1130)
- Leo I, Lord of Armenian Cilicia (? – Constantinople, February 14, 1140)
- daughter, married Gabriel of Melitene
- ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n Ghazarian, Jacob G.. The Armenian Kingdom in Cilicia during the Crusades: The Integration of Cilician Armenians with the Latins (1080–1093).
- ^ a b c Runciman, Steven. A History of the Crusades – Volume I.: The First Crusade and the Foundation of the Kingdom of Jerusalem.
- ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l Charles Cawley (2009-04-01). "Lords of the Mountains, Kings of (Cilician) Armenia (Family of Rupen)". Medieval Lands. Foundation of Medieval Genealogy. http://fmg.ac/Projects/MedLands/ARMENIA.htm#_Toc184469941. Retrieved 2009-07-18.
- ^ a b Vahan M. Kurkjian (2005-04-05). "A History of Armenia". Website. Bill Thayer. http://penelope.uchicago.edu/Thayer/E/Gazetteer/Places/Asia/Armenia/_Texts/KURARM/27*.html. Retrieved 2009-07-18.
Constantine I, Prince of ArmeniaHouse of Roupen
- Ghazarian, Jacob G: The Armenian Kingdom in Cilicia during the Crusades: The Integration of Cilician Armenians with the Latins (1080–1093); RoutledgeCurzon (Taylor & Francis Group), 2000, Abingdon; ISBN 0-7007-1418-9
- Runciman, Steven: A History of the Crusades – Volume I.: The First Crusade and the Foundation of the Kingdom of Jerusalem; Cambridge University Press, 1988, Cambridge; ISBN 0-521-06161-x
Regnal titles Preceded by
Lord of Armenian Cilicia
1095– c. 1100/1102/1103
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.