FM 24/29 light machine gun

FM 24/29 light machine gun
FM 24/29
LMG 24 29 2.JPG
LMG 24/29
Type Light machine gun
Place of origin  France
Service history
In service 1930s-1950s
1930s to 2000-2006 (National Gendarmerie)
Used by See Users
Wars World War II
First Indochina War
Algerian War
Suez Crisis
Production history
Designed 1920s
Manufacturer Manufacture d'armes de Châtellerault
Variants M1924/29D
Weight 9.75lb
Length 1080mm
Barrel length 600mm

Cartridge 7.5x54mm French
Caliber 7.5mm
Barrels 1
Action Gas
Rate of fire 450 rpm
Muzzle velocity 830 m/s (2,722.4 ft/s)
Feed system 25 round box magazine
Sights Iron

The Fusil mitrailleur modèle 1924 M29 was the standard light machine gun of the French Army from the early 1930s until the 1950s and was in use until 2000-2006 with the National Gendarmerie.



LMG 24/29

After the end of World War I, the French army sought to replace the problematic Fusil-mitrailleur mle 1915 machine gun (better known as the Chauchat). French commanders considered standardizing on the American M1918 Browning Automatic Rifle (BAR), but eventually required the development of a locally built weapon. MAS (an abbreviation of Manufacture d'Armes de St. Etienne - one of several government-owned arms factories in France) proposed a direct derivative of the BAR, but the Manufacture d'Armes de Châtellerault (MAC) won the bid with its weapon, which was loosely based on the BAR action. It had been formulated and designed by a Lt Col Reibel. The new fusil-mitrailleur modèle 1924 (automatic rifle, model of 1924) featured a bipod, an in-line stock, a pistol grip, a top-mounted 25-round magazine and a bolt hold-open after the magazine's last round had been fired. Protection of all the openings against mud and dust was excellent. The cyclic rate was 450 rounds per minute. Since the standard 8 mm Lebel ammunition type had been found inappropriate for large capacity magazines, ammunition was a brand-new rimless 7.5x57mm round.

In the late 1920s, the FM mle 24 entered limited production and operational use, where numerous problems with the new ammunition type appeared. In particular, 8mm Mauser ammunition which was in use with captured rifles used by auxiliaries in Morocco during the Rif War, could be chambered and fired with disastrous results. This situation led to the development of the 7.5x54mm type, which was chosen in 1929 as the standard calibre for all future rifles and light machine guns in French service. The accordingly modified fusil-mitrailleur modèle 1924 modifié 1929 (FM 24/29) was mass-manufactured in the 1930s until older FMs could be phased out of service.

The trigger mechanism housing (TMH) of the FM 24/29 was also used in Henri Delacre's bullpup submachine gun.

Operational use

French foreign legion airborne of the 1 REP firing a FM 24/29 during a Viet Minh ambush (1952).

The FM 24/29 was the standard squad-level automatic weapon of the French infantry and cavalry at the start of World War II. After the French surrender in World War II, the Germans captured large quantities of this weapon, which they used operationally until the end of the war.

From 1943 on, as the French army was re-equipped and re-organized in North Africa with Allied support, the FM 24/29 was kept in service, as French troops considered it superior to the Browning Automatic Rifle.

The FM 24/29 served in the armed forces until after the end of the war in Algeria, it was the workhorse in the First Indochina War. It was replaced by the AA-52 general-purpose machine gun in the 1960s, but it was still in use with National Gendarmerie regional brigades until 2000-2006.


Model 1924/1929D machine gun

Model 1924/1929D mounted in a firing port of the Maginot Line.

The Model 1924/1929D machine gun was a variant of the MAC 24/29, adapted to firing from interior firing ports in the bunkers of the Maginot Line.


A modified version of the gun, the M1931, with a heavier barrel and drum feed was produced for installation in tanks and fortified emplacements. The rate of fire of this version was raised to 600 rounds per minute. Production ran from 1931 to 1940[1].


See also


External links

Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Игры ⚽ Поможем написать курсовую

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Light machine gun — A light machine gun or LMG is a machine gun that is generally lighter than other machine guns of the same period, and is usually designed to be carried by an individual soldier, with or without an assistant. Modern light machine guns often fire… …   Wikipedia

  • M249 light machine gun — Machine Gun, 5.56 mm, M249 M249 Para Type Squad automatic weapon/Light machine gun Place of …   Wikipedia

  • light machine gun — Mil. any air cooled machine gun having a caliber not greater than 0.30 in. (7.6 mm). [1920 25] * * * …   Universalium

  • Bren light machine gun — Infobox Weapon name=Bren LMG caption=Early Mark Bren LMG, photo from a Canadian factory origin=flagcountry|Czechoslovakia flagcountry|United Kingdom type=Light machine gun is ranged=yes is UK=yes service=1938 1958 (Until 1991 as L4) used by=See… …   Wikipedia

  • Type 11 Light Machine Gun — Infobox Weapon name= Type 11 Light Machine Gun caption= Type 11 Light Machine Gun origin=flagcountry|Empire of Japan type=Light machine gun is ranged=yes service=1922 1945 used by= wars=Second Sino Japanese War Soviet Japanese Border Wars World… …   Wikipedia

  • Type 96 Light Machine Gun — Infobox Weapon name= Type 96 Light Machine Gun | caption=Type 96 Light Machine Gun without the 30 round magazine origin=flagcountry|Empire of Japan type=Light machine gun is ranged=yes service=1936 1945 used by= wars=Second Sino Japanese War… …   Wikipedia

  • Type 99 Light Machine Gun — Infobox Weapon name= Type 99 Light Machine Gun | caption=Type 99 Light Machine Gun origin=flagcountry|Empire of Japan type=Light machine gun is ranged=yes service=1939 1945 used by= wars=World War II designer=Kijiro Nambu design date=1939… …   Wikipedia

  • Type 97 Light Machine Gun — Infobox Weapon name=Type 97 7.7 mm Tank Machine Gun | caption=A Type 97 tank machine gun, shown with telescopic sight, magazine and jacket guard. origin=flagcountry|Empire of Japan type=Light machine gun is ranged=yes service=1937 1945 used by=… …   Wikipedia

  • LSAT light machine gun — Infobox Weapon| caption=LSAT LMG Serial No. 1 origin=flagcountry|United States flagcountry|Germany type=Light machine gun is ranged=yes service=N/A used by=N/A wars=N/a designer=AAI Corporation design date=2003 onwards [http://www.nrapublications …   Wikipedia

  • Dror light machine gun — Type Light machine gun Place of origin …   Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”