- Ophioglossum azoricum
Ophioglossum azoricum Ophioglossum azoricum in coastal grassland, Dooncarton, Co. Mayo Scientific classification Kingdom: Plantae Division: Pteridophyta Class: Psilotopsida Order: Ophioglossales Family: Ophioglossaceae Genus: Ophioglossum Species: O. azoricum Binomial name Ophioglossum azoricum
C. Presl 1984
Ophioglossum vulgatum L. subsp. ambiguum (Coss. & Germ.) E.F.Warb.
Ophioglossum sabulicolum Sauzé & Maillard
Ophioglossum vulgatum L. subsp. vulgatum var. minus Ostenf. & J.Gröntved
Ophioglossum vulgatum L. subsp. vulgatum var. islandicum A$A.Löve & D.Löve
Ophioglossum vulgatum L. subsp. polyphyllum auct., non A.Braun
Ophioglossum sabulicola Sauzé
Ophioglossum azoricum (small adder's-tongue) is a small fern of the family Ophioglossaceae.
The frond consists of a single, pointed leaf blade and a narrow pointed spore-bearing spike on a stalk. The spike has about 4-18 segments on each side, each of which opens up when ripe to release spores. The sterile blades are broadest near the middle and taper towards both ends.
This taxon is sometimes treated as a subspecies of Ophioglossum vulgatum, as O. vulgatum ssp. ambiguum (Coss. & Germ.) E.F. Warburg.
This species has a chromosome number of 2n=c.480.
O. azoricum is native to islands in the northern Atlantic Ocean and adjacent westernmost Europe from the Azores north to western France, the British Isles, Iceland and Greenland. It also occurs in the Toscana region of Italy.
This species mostly occurs on bare or shortly vegetated ground on exposed coastal clifftops. An exception to this habitat preference is populations in the New Forest, Hampshire where plants occur in tightly grazed damp grassland in a non-maritime setting. In Iceland and Greenland it is restricted to geothermal areas where higher temperatures allow its survival.
This species is on the Icelandic list of endangered species.
- ^ a b Stace C. (1997). New Flora of The British Isles, second edition. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press
- ^  Ophioglossum azoricum at Schede di botanica
- ^  Ophioglossum azoricum at Online Atlas of the British and Irish Flora
- ^ Löve Á. (1983) Flora of Iceland.Almenna Bókafélagid
- ^ Lid J, Lid DT, Elven R. 1994 Norsk flora. 6th edition. Oslo: Det Norske Samlaget
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