Ophioglossum azoricum

Ophioglossum azoricum
Ophioglossum azoricum
Ophioglossum azoricum in coastal grassland, Dooncarton, Co. Mayo
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
Division: Pteridophyta
Class: Psilotopsida
Order: Ophioglossales
Family: Ophioglossaceae
Genus: Ophioglossum
Species: O. azoricum
Binomial name
Ophioglossum azoricum
C. Presl 1984
Synonyms

Ophioglossum vulgatum L. subsp. ambiguum (Coss. & Germ.) E.F.Warb.

Ophioglossum sabulicolum Sauzé & Maillard

Ophioglossum vulgatum L. subsp. vulgatum var. minus Ostenf. & J.Gröntved

Ophioglossum vulgatum L. subsp. vulgatum var. islandicum A$A.Löve & D.Löve

Ophioglossum vulgatum L. subsp. polyphyllum auct., non A.Braun

Ophioglossum sabulicola Sauzé

Ophioglossum azoricum (small adder's-tongue) is a small fern of the family Ophioglossaceae.

Contents

Description

The frond consists of a single, pointed leaf blade and a narrow pointed spore-bearing spike on a stalk. The spike has about 4-18 segments on each side, each of which opens up when ripe to release spores. The sterile blades are broadest near the middle and taper towards both ends.

This species is thought to be derived from a hybrid between Ophioglossum vulgatum and Ophioglossum lusitanicum.[1]

This taxon is sometimes treated as a subspecies of Ophioglossum vulgatum, as O. vulgatum ssp. ambiguum (Coss. & Germ.) E.F. Warburg.

This species has a chromosome number of 2n=c.480.[1]

Distribution

O. azoricum is native to islands in the northern Atlantic Ocean and adjacent westernmost Europe from the Azores north to western France, the British Isles, Iceland and Greenland. It also occurs in the Toscana region of Italy.[2]

This species mostly occurs on bare or shortly vegetated ground on exposed coastal clifftops. An exception to this habitat preference is populations in the New Forest, Hampshire where plants occur in tightly grazed damp grassland in a non-maritime setting.[3] In Iceland[4] and Greenland[5] it is restricted to geothermal areas where higher temperatures allow its survival.

This species is on the Icelandic list of endangered species.

References

  1. ^ a b Stace C. (1997). New Flora of The British Isles, second edition. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press
  2. ^ [1] Ophioglossum azoricum at Schede di botanica
  3. ^ [2] Ophioglossum azoricum at Online Atlas of the British and Irish Flora
  4. ^ Löve Á. (1983) Flora of Iceland.Almenna Bókafélagid
  5. ^ Lid J, Lid DT, Elven R. 1994 Norsk flora. 6th edition. Oslo: Det Norske Samlaget

External links

  • Distribution of Ophioglossum azoricum in the British Isles at: BSBI maps [3]
  • Species account forOphioglossum azoricum at: West Highland Flora Ophioglossum azoricum
  • Ophioglossum azoricum at: The Ferns (Filicopsida) of the British Isles by L. Watson and M. J. Dallwitz [4]

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Look at other dictionaries:

  • Ophioglossum azoricum — Ophioglossu …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Ophioglossum azoricum —   Ophioglossum azoricum Clasificación científica Reino …   Wikipedia Español

  • Ophioglossum azoricum C. Presl — Symbol OPAZ Botanical Family Ophioglossaceae …   Scientific plant list

  • Ophioglossum — vulgatum Scientific classification Kingdom: Plantae …   Wikipedia

  • Ophioglossum — Ophioglossum …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Ophioglossum —   Ophioglossum …   Wikipedia Español

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  • Natternzungen — Gewöhnliche Natternzunge (Ophioglossum vulgatum) Systematik Abteilung: Gefäßpflanzen (Tracheophyta) …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Gugh — Coordinates: 49°53′47″N 6°19′58″W / 49.89626°N 6.33266°W / 49.89626; 06.33266 …   Wikipedia

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