Khan Tengri

Khan Tengri

Infobox Mountain
Name = Khan Tengri
Photo = Peak_of_Khan_Tengri_at_sunset.jpg| Caption=Khan Tengri at sunset
Elevation = convert|7010|m|ft|0|lk=on
Location = flag|Kyrgyzstan-flag|Kazakhstan
Range = Tian Shan
Prominence = convert|1685|m|ft|abbr=on

pushpin_label_position = left
pushpin_map_caption =
pushpin_mapsize =
latd= 42|latm= 12|lats= 39|latNS=N
longd= 80|longm= 10|longs= 30|longEW=E
Coordinates = coord|42|12|39|N|80|10|30|E|type:mountain|display=inline

Listing = Ultra
Type =
Age =
First ascent = 1931 Mikhail Pogrebetsky
Easiest route = glacier/snow/ice/rock climb

Khan Tengri (Uighur, translated as "Lord of the spirits", or "Lord of the sky"; or Turkic translated as "Ruler of Skies", "Ruler Tengri") is a mountain of the Tian Shan mountain range. It is located on the Kyrgyzstan—Kazakhstan border, east of lake Issyk Kul. Its geologic elevation is convert|6995|m|ft|0|abbr=on, but its glacial cap rises to convert|7010|m|ft|0|abbr=on. For this reason, in mountaineering circles, including for the Soviet Snow Leopard award criteria, it is considered a 7000-metre peak. It is also known as "Khan Tangiri Shyngy", "Kan-Too Chokusu", "Pik Khan-Tengry", and "Hantengri Feng".

Khan Tengri is the second-highest mountain in the Tian Shan, surpassed only by Jengish Chokusu (7439 m) a few miles to the south. Khan Tengri is the highest point in Kazakhstan and the third-highest peak in Kyrgyzstan, after Jengish Chokusu and the Pamir's Independence Peak (7,134 m).


Khan Tengri is a massive marble pyramid, covered in snow and ice. At sunset the marble glows red, giving it the Kazakh name "Kan Tau" (blood mountain). Located just across the South Ingelchek (or Inylchek) glacier, 16 km north of Jengish Chokusu, Khan Tengri was originally thought to be the highest peak in the Tien Shan because of its dramatic shape, compared to the massive bulk of Jengish Chokusu. Khan Tengri is the highest peak in the extreme Tengri Tag subrange, also known as the Mustag, that also contains peaks Chapaeva and Gorkova. Anatoli Boukreev considered Khan Tengri perhaps the world's most beautiful peak because of its geometric ridges and its symmetry.


Although it is 1,500 ft (439 m) lower than its near neighbor to the south, Khan Tengri was believed to be the highest peak in the range until Jengish Chokusu's discovery in 1946.

Peter Semenov was the first European to see the scenic panorama of the Tengri Tag, and its most beautiful peak, the colossal Khan Tengri (in 1847). [Semenov, Petr Petrovitch. "Travels in the Tian'-Shan' 1856-1857". Trans. by Liudmila Gilmour, Colin Thomas and Marcus Wheeler. Edited and annotated by Colin Thomas, pp. 180, 184-185. The Hakluyt Society, London. (1998). ISBN 0-904180-60-3.]

The first ascent of the peak was made in 1931 by Mikhail Pogrebetsky's Ukrainian team from the south, along the west ridge. M. Kuzmin's team made the first ascent from the north in 1964. Khan Tengri is one of five peaks that a Soviet mountaineer needed to scale to earn the prestigious Snow Leopard award.

In 2004, it was the site of a terrible catastrophe as more than a dozen mountaineers were killed in a large avalanche on the mountain's most popular route.


External links

* [ Khan Tengri on SummitPost]
* [ Khan Tengri on Peakware]
* [ Khan-Tengri/Kyrgyzstan climbing information]
* [ Khan-Tengri 2007 Polish Expedition]
* [ Alex Gavan's Khan Tengri 2004 Expedition (one of the best personal pages related with this mountain)]

* [ Khan-Tengri 2006 Petr Podruh Expedition]

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Look at other dictionaries:

  • Khan Tengri — Vue du Khan Tengri au crépuscule. Géographie Altitude 7 010 m[1 …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Khan Tengri — Der Khan Tengri bei Sonnenuntergang Höhe 7.010  …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Khan-Tengri — Vue du Khan Tengri. Géographie Altitude 7 010 m Massif …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Khan-tengri — Vue du Khan Tengri. Géographie Altitude 7 010 m Massif …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Khan Tengri — Este artículo o sección necesita referencias que aparezcan en una publicación acreditada, como revistas especializadas, monografías, prensa diaria o páginas de Internet fidedignas. Puedes añadirlas así o avisar al autor p …   Wikipedia Español

  • Khan Tengri — Khan Ten•gri [[t]ˈkɑn ˈtɛŋ gri, ˈxɑn[/t]] n. geg a mountain in the Tien Shan range, on the boundary between Kirghizia and China. 22,949 ft. (6995 m) Also called Tengri Khan …   From formal English to slang

  • Khan-Tengri — geographical name mountain 22,949 feet (6995 meters) on border between Kyrgyzstan & Xinjiang Uygur (China) in Tian Shan …   New Collegiate Dictionary

  • Tengri — Die Darstellung der tengristischen Drei Welten Kosmologie auf einer Schamanentrommel [3] …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Tengri Khan — Ten•gri Khan [[t]ˈtɛŋ gri ˈkɑn, ˈxɑn[/t]] n. geg Khan Tengri …   From formal English to slang

  • Tengri Khan — /teng gree kahn , khahn / a mountain in central Asia, on the boundary between Kirghizia (Kyrgyzstan) and China: highest peak of the Tien Shan Mountains. ab. 23,950 ft. (7300 m). Also called Khan Tengri. * * * …   Universalium

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