- Anarchism in Vietnam
Anarchismas a political movementin Vietnamstarted in the early twentieth century. Its most recognizable proponent was Phan Boi Chau.
Phan Boi Chau
Phan Boi Chau"
From 1905 to 1908, Phan Boi Chau lived in
Japanwhere he wrote political tracts calling for the liberation of Vietnam from the French colonial regime. After being forced to leave Japan, he moved to Chinawhere he was influenced by Sun Yat-Sen. He formed a new group called the Vietnamese Restoration League (Viet Nam Quang Phuc Hoi), modeled after Sun Yat-Sen's republican party. In 1925, French agents seized him in Shanghai. He was convicted of treason and spent the rest of his life under house arrest in Huế.
Anarchism in Vietnam can be traced to several organizations, thinkers, and political activists in
Chinaand Japanwhich greatly influenced Phan Boi Chau. The Chinese anarchist journal "Natural Justice" was launched in 1907 by several individuals included Chang Chi, who was a friend of Chau's. [ Ho Tai, Hue-Tam. "Radicalism and the Origins of the Vietnamese Revolution". (Harvard University Press; 1992), page 59] The Worldwide League for Humanity, an internationalist organization started in 1912 that Chau joined, went unrecognized by "newly formed [Chinese] Republican government" due to its "extreme-left program." [ Ho Tai, "Radicalism", pages 60-1.]
Ho Tai, Hue-Tam. "Radicalism and the Origins of the Vietnamese Revolution". (Harvard University Press; 1992)
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.